|Location||Australia, New South Wales (and ACT)|
|Central coordinates||148o 11.21' East 34o 21.04' South|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2|
|Altitude||180 - 1,033m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2009|
Summary The IBA supports a significant wintering population of the endangered Swift Parrot, most of the largest known population of the vulnerable Superb Parrot, and populations of the vulnerable Painted Honeyeater and near threatened Diamond Firetail.
Site description This exceptionally large IBA is defined by the distribution of the south-west slopes population of Superb Parrots and key areas for wintering Swift Parrots. The boundary has been drawn around the core distribution of Superb Parrots and approximates to a 80 km-wide length of the inland slopes of the Great Dividing Range from Wagga Wagga in the south to Orange in the north, extending south-east through Boorowa and Yass to Queanbeyan, with an extension south to include the important Swift Parrot sites of Livingstone NP, Tarcutta, Gundagai, Tumut and Adelong. The majority of the IBA is highly modified wheat and sheep country with few natural vegetation remnants. Within this huge area, all agricultural land with scattered large trees is considered as potential habitat for Superb Parrots. Swift Parrots occur in woodland dominated by Mugga Ironbark and/or Grey Box and sometimes White Box, Yellow Box, Yellow Gum, River Red Gum and Blakely's Red Gum, especially the biggest trees (greater than 60 cm in diameter at breast height) remaining in largely cleared areas. The few remnant blocks of forest are often on ranges and outcrops where the soils are unsuitable for the key tree species required by either parrot species, and many have had box and ironbark selectively removed. Known important remnants for Swift Parrots include Combaning State Forest (741 ha), Ingalba Nature Reserve (3200 ha), Charcoal Tank Nature Reserve (86 ha), Weddin Mountains National Park (8360 ha) and State Forest, Jindalee State Forest (1080 ha), Tarcutta (432 ha; a Bush Heritage reserve), Mates’ Gully and the largely unprotected roadside, Travelling Stock and Camping Reserves. Superb Parrots require large trees with suitable nest hollows, especially Blakely's Red Gum, but also River Red Gum, Apple Box, Grey Box, White Box and Red Box, but these must be within 10 km (and ideally within 3 km) of box-gum woodlands for foraging, and connected by treed flight corridors. Trees do not develop suitable nesting hollows until they exceed 120 years of age, and trees containing larger hollows used by Superb Parrots are likely to be more than 220 years of age. The annual mean temperature of the region ranges from 10-16 Celsius and annual mean precipitation ranges from 500-1150 mm.
Key Biodiversity A handful of records of the endangered Regent Honeyeater include two at Jindalee State Forest in May 1998, three at Gunning in November 1998, two at Jindalee State Forest in September 1999 and two at Tumbarumba Cemetery in July 2000 (New South Wales Bird Reports). Other notable species recorded in the IBA include the endangered Australasian Bittern, the near threatened Bush Stone-curlew, the biome-restricted Pink Robin, the Australian Little Bittern and the regionally threatened Turquoise Parrot and Barking Owl. The near threatened Flame Robin and biome-restricted Black Honeyeater are rare visitors to the IBA (Atlas of Australian Birds database).
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Swift Parrot Lathamus discolor||non-breeding||1996-2005||150 individuals||poor||A1||Endangered|
|Superb Parrot Polytelis swainsonii||resident||-||2,000-5,000 individuals||-||A1, A2||Least Concern|
|Painted Honeyeater Grantiella picta||resident||1997-2008||uncommon||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Diamond Firetail Stagonopleura guttata||resident||1980-2008||frequent||-||A1||Least Concern|
|2008||high||not assessed||not assessed|
|Agricultural expansion and intensification||annual & perennial non-timber crops - agro-industry farming||happening now||majority/most of area/population (50-90%)||slow but significant deterioration||high|
|Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species||gathering terrestrial plants - unintentional effects (species being assessed is not the target)||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species||hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target)||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||slow but significant deterioration||low|
|Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species||logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Aranda Bushland||Nature Reserve||115||protected area contained by site||115|
|Barton||Nature Reserve||519||protected area contained by site||529|
|Big Bush||Nature Reserve||646||protected area contained by site||640|
|Black Mountain||Nature Reserve||461||protected area contained by site||461|
|Boginderra Hills||Nature Reserve||550||protected area contained by site||554|
|Borenore||Karst Conservation Reserve||136||protected area contained by site||136|
|Bruce Ridge||Nature Reserve||94||protected area contained by site||94|
|Conimbla||National Park||7,988||protected area contained by site||7,590|
|Cooleman Ridge||Nature Reserve||193||protected area contained by site||193|
|Crace Grassland||Nature Reserve||165||protected area contained by site||165|
|Dananbilla||Nature Reserve||2,448||protected area contained by site||2,242|
|Dunlop Grassland||Nature Reserve||105||protected area contained by site||105|
|Flagstaff Memorial||Nature Reserve||17||protected area contained by site||18|
|Goorooyarroo||Nature Reserve||986||protected area contained by site||266|
|Gossan Hill||Nature Reserve||47||protected area contained by site||47|
|Gungaderra Grassland||Nature Reserve||274||protected area contained by site||274|
|Gungewalla||Nature Reserve||141||protected area contained by site||141|
|Hattons Corner||Nature Reserve||3||protected area contained by site||4|
|Illunie||Nature Reserve||734||protected area contained by site||734|
|Ingalba||Nature Reserve||4,197||protected area contained by site||4,012|
|Jerrabomberra Wetlands||Nature Reserve||214||protected area contained by site||214|
|Koorawatha||Nature Reserve||1,117||protected area contained by site||961|
|Livingstone||National Park||1,923||protected area contained by site||1,919|
|Livingstone State||Conservation Area||485||protected area contained by site||485|
|Lower Molonglo River Corridor||Nature Reserve||657||protected area overlaps with site||373|
|Mount Canobolas||State Conservation Area||1,607||protected area contained by site||1,607|
|Mount Pleasant||Nature Reserve||57||protected area contained by site||57|
|Mt Ainslie||Nature Reserve||640||protected area contained by site||640|
|Mt Majura||Nature Reserve||482||protected area contained by site||482|
|Mt Painter||Nature Reserve||91||protected area contained by site||91|
|Mulanggari Grassland||Nature Reserve||124||protected area contained by site||124|
|Mulligans Flat||Nature Reserve||792||protected area contained by site||792|
|Mundoonen||Nature Reserve||1,367||protected area contained by site||1,359|
|Nangar||National Park||9,406||protected area contained by site||9,196|
|O'Connor Ridge||Nature Reserve||55||protected area contained by site||55|
|Oakey Hill||Nature Reserve||65||protected area contained by site||65|
|Percy Hill||Nature Reserve||79||protected area contained by site||79|
|Pucawan||Nature Reserve||287||protected area contained by site||274|
|Red Hill||Nature Reserve||253||protected area overlaps with site||226|
|Tarcutta Hills||Other Conservation Area||434||protected area contained by site||434|
|The Pinnacle||Nature Reserve||135||protected area contained by site||135|
|Weddin Mountains||National Park||8,740||protected area contained by site||8,361|
|Woodstock||Nature Reserve||343||protected area overlaps with site||25|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - terrestrial||Arable land; Improved grassland & pasture||major|
Land ownership Mostly private leasehold and freeholds; also some Commonwealth (Australian National Botanic Gardens) and state government, NSW NPWS, State Forests, Rural Lands Protection Board and Travelling Stock and Camping Reserves.
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||minor|
Protection status Numerous - see separate section.
References Christie, P. (2004) Extension of the known breeding range of the Superb Parrot. Corella 28: 75-78.
Davey, C. (1997) Observations on the Superb Parrot within the Canberra district. Canberra Bird Notes 22: 1-14.
Davey, C. and Purchase, D. (2004) A survey of the Superb Parrot Polytelis swainsonii and potential nesting tree hollows along roads of the South-western Slopes, New South Wales. Corella 28: 1-3.
DSE (2007) National Recovery Plan for the Superb Parrot Polytelis swainsonii. Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment: Melbourne.
Kennedy, S. J. and Overs, A. E. (2001) Foraging ecology and habitat use of the Swift Parrot on the south-western slopes of New South Wales. Corella 25: 68-74.
Manning, A. D., Lindenmayer, D. B. and Barry, S. C. (2004) The conservation implications of bird reproduction in the agricultural "matrix": a case study of the vulnerable superb parrot in south-eastern Australia. Biological Conservation 120: 367-378.
Manning, A. D., Lindenmayer, D. B., Barry, S. C. and Nix, H. A. (2006) Multi-scale site and landscape effects on the vulnerable superb parrot of south-eastern Australia during the breeding season. Landscape Ecology 21: 1119-1133.
NSW NPWS (2008) Atlas of NSW Wildlife. http://wildlifeatlas.nationalparks.nsw.gov.au/wildlifeatlas/watlasSpecies.jsp accessed 11 June 2008.
NSW NPWS (in press). Superb Parrot Polytelis swainsonii Recovery Plan. NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service: Hurstville.
Webster, R. (1988) The Superb Parrot - A survey of the breeding distribution and habitat requirements. Australian National Parks and Wildlife Service Report Series No. 12. Australian National Parks and Wildlife Service: Canberra.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: South-west Slopes of NSW. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/12/2014
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