|Location||Cyprus, Paphos District|
|Central coordinates||32o 41.34' East 34o 47.88' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2, B2, B3, C1, C6|
|Altitude||50 - 770m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2012|
Summary This site follows the open valley of the Diarizos River from near the river's source in Pafos forest to just before it spills into Pafos plain. This is a relatively remote and undeveloped area with a mixture of shrubland, pine woods and complex, low-intensity agricultural and grazing areas. It is an Endemic Bird Area with significant populations of the endemics, especially of the Cyprus Warbler, and it is of importance to birds of the open countryside like Rollers and Long-legged Buzzards.
Site description This is a relatively remote and undeveloped site in one of the four ‘valley’ IBAs carved by rivers flowing from the Troodos massif to the southwest coast. The Diarizos riverside extends from near the river’s source in the Pafos forest to just before it spills into the Pafos plain, ranging in elevation from 800m to 50m. Diarizos Valley is an Endemic Bird Area site with good populations of Cyprus Wheatear (Oenanthe cypriaca) and especially of Cyprus Warbler (Sylvia melanothorax). It is also a top breeding site for European Roller (Coracias garrulus) and Long-legged Buzzard (Buteo rufinus). Also of note are the local populations of Black Francolin (Francolinus francolinus), Little Owl (Athene noctua) and Cretzschmar’s Bunting (Emberiza caesia). The valley also witnesses a passage of raptors in the autumn. Finally, mention should be made of this site being an important feeding area for the Griffon Vulture (Gyps fulvus) that also hosts breeding Peregrine Falcons (Falco peregrinus).
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Black Francolin Francolinus francolinus||breeding||2005-2011||50-249 breeding pairs||poor||B2||Least Concern|
|Long-legged Buzzard Buteo rufinus||breeding||2005-2011||5-7 breeding pairs||good||B2, C6||Least Concern|
|Little Owl Athene noctua||breeding||2005-2011||150-250 breeding pairs||medium||B2||Least Concern|
|European Roller Coracias garrulus||breeding||2005-2011||20-80 breeding pairs||medium||A1, B2, C1, C6||Least Concern|
|Cyprus Warbler Sylvia melanothorax||breeding||2005-2011||2,000-4,000 breeding pairs||medium||A2, B3, C6||Least Concern|
|Cyprus Wheatear Oenanthe cypriaca||breeding||2005-2011||1,000-1,500 breeding pairs||medium||A2, B2||Least Concern|
|Cretzschmar's Bunting Emberiza caesia||breeding||2005-2011||300-700 breeding pairs||medium||B3||Least Concern|
|2013||high||not assessed||not assessed|
|Poor - based on little, or potentially unreliable/unrepresentative, data|
|Natural system modifications||other ecosystem modifications||happening now||majority/most of area/population (50-90%)||slow but significant deterioration||high|
|Residential and commercial development||housing and urban areas||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Transportation and service corridors||roads and railroads||likely in short term (within 4 years)||some of area/population (10-49%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||medium|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|GKREMOI CHANOUTARI CY4000007||Birds Directive||2,472||protected area overlaps with site||291|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Coastline||Sand dunes & beaches||3%|
|Forest||Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Broadleaved evergreen woodland; Native coniferous woodland||5%|
|Shrubland||Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis; Scrub||45%|
|Grassland||Steppes and dry calcareous grassland||6%|
|Artificial - terrestrial||Arable land; Other urban and industrial areas; Perennial crops, orchards and groves||40%|
References Hellicar, M.A., Anastasi, V., Beton, D. & Snape, R. (2014). Important Bird Areas of Cyprus. BirdLife Cyprus, Nicosia, Cyprus.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Diarizos Valley. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/09/2016
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