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Location United Kingdom, North
Central coordinates 1o 32.30' West  55o 20.12' North
IBA criteria A4i, A4iii, B1i, B1ii, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Area 20 ha
Altitude 0 - 15m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

Royal Society for the Protection of Birds

Site description A small flat-topped island located about 1 km off the Northumberland coast at Amble. The IBA supports large colonies of breeding seabirds, notably terns, and Somateria mollissima.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Sandwich Tern Thalasseus sandvicensis breeding  2007  1,223 nests  good  A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Roseate Tern Sterna dougallii breeding  2007  75 nests  good  A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Common Tern Sterna hirundo breeding  2007  1,226 nests  good  C6  Least Concern 
Arctic Tern Sterna paradisaea breeding  2007  1,247 nests  good  C6  Least Concern 
Atlantic Puffin Fratercula arctica breeding  2001  17,208 breeding pairs  good  B1ii, B2, C3  Vulnerable 
A4iii Species group - seabirds breeding  1999-2001  17,254 breeding pairs  good  A4iii, C4   

IBA Monitoring

2007 low near favourable high
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Biological resource use fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - unintentional effects: large scale happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Thalasseus sandvicensis Sandwich Tern 1726 1223 breeding pairs 71 near favourable
Sterna dougallii Roseate Tern 36 75 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Sterna hirundo Common Tern 765 1226 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Sterna paradisaea Arctic Tern 710 1247 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Fratercula arctica Atlantic Puffin 12700 17208 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Species group - seabirds A4iii 12759 17254 breeding pairs 100 favourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species  The conservation measures needed for the site are being comprehensively and effectively implemented  high 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Coquet Island RSPB Reserve 22 is identical to site 20  
Coquet Island Site of Special Scientific Interest 20 is identical to site 20  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland   -
Coastline Rock stacks and islets; Sea cliffs and rocky shores  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research 100%

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Coquet Island. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife