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Location Cyprus, Limassol District
Central coordinates 32o 57.59' East  34o 36.96' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii, B1i, B1iii, B1iv, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C5, C6
Area 7,891 ha
Altitude 0 - 110m
Year of IBA assessment 2012

BirdLife Cyprus



Summary An extensive site consisting of a complex of wetlands including salt lake, salt marshes and freshwater marshes, coastal scrub, dunes, agricultural areas including citrus plantations and coastal cliffs. The Akrotiri Peninsula is a congregation site for waterbirds in winter and spring attracting wintering and breeding waterbirds, and a raptor bottleneck site in autumn. Beyond the wetlands, the cliffs host the most important remaining Cyprus breeding colony of Griffon Vultures.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Francolin Francolinus francolinus breeding  2005-2011  50-249 breeding pairs  poor  B2  Least Concern 
Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna winter  2005-2011  400-1,200 individuals  good  B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca breeding  2005-2011  1-5 breeding pairs  good  C6  Near Threatened 
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus winter  2005-2011  2,000-15,000 individuals  good  A4i, B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus passage  2005-2011  100-600 individuals  medium  B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Egretta garzetta passage  2005-2011  100-750 individuals  medium  B1i, C2  Not Recognised 
Red-footed Falcon Falco vespertinus passage  2005-2011  500-2,000 individuals  good  A1, B1iii, C1, C2  Near Threatened 
Saker Falcon Falco cherrug passage  2005-2011  5-20 individuals  good  A1, C1  Endangered 
Eleonora's Falcon Falco eleonorae breeding  2005-2011  50-70 breeding pairs  good  A4ii, B1iii, B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Falco peregrinus breeding  2005-2011  4-5 breeding pairs  good  C6  Not Recognised 
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus passage  2005-2011  2-7 individuals  good  A1, C1  Endangered 
Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus passage  2005-2011  20-60 individuals  medium  A1, C1  Near Threatened 
Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus breeding  2005-2011  2-4 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Demoiselle Crane Anthropoides virgo passage  2005-2011  200-800 individuals  good  B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Common Crane Grus grus passage  2005-2011  100-500 individuals  medium  B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Himantopus himantopus breeding  2005-2012  2-55 breeding pairs  good  C6  Not Recognised 
Charadrius alexandrinus passage  2005-2011  200-450 individuals  good  B1i, C2  Not Recognised 
Charadrius alexandrinus breeding  2005-2012  12-125 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Not Recognised 
Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata winter  2005-2012  10-40 individuals  medium  C1  Near Threatened 
Collared Pratincole Glareola pratincola passage  2005-2011  50-300 individuals  medium  B1i, C2  Least Concern 
European Roller Coracias garrulus passage  2005-2011  250-999 individuals  medium  A1, C1  Near Threatened 
Cyprus Warbler Sylvia melanothorax breeding  2005-2011  700-1,000 breeding pairs  poor  B3  Least Concern 
A4iv Species group - soaring birds/cranes passage  2005-2011  2,000-6,000 individuals  medium  B1iv, C5   
A4iii Species group - waterbirds winter  2005-2011  6,000-22,000 individuals  medium  A4iii, C4   

IBA Monitoring

2013 high not assessed not assessed
  unset
Poor - based on little, or potentially unreliable/unrepresentative, data

Energy production and mining renewable energy happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species direct mortality of trigger species - hunting and trapping happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution agricultural and forestry effluents and practices happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution domestic and urban waste water happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution garbage and solid waste happening now some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Residential and commercial development commercial and industrial development happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Akrotiri Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 2,171 protected area contained by site 2,288  
SBAs Special Protection Area Akrotiri Cliffs Other 432 protected area contained by site 394  
SBAs Special Protection Area Akrotiri Wetlands Other 3,819 protected area overlaps with site 3,787  
SBAs Special Protection Area Episkopi Cliffs Other 568 protected area contained by site 552  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Coastline Sand dunes & beaches  10%
Wetlands (inland) Salt marshes; Water fringe vegetation  11%
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis  16%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Other urban and industrial areas; Perennial crops, orchards and groves  26%
Sea Open Sea  36%
Rocky areas   minor
Other   1%

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Akrotiri Peninsula - Episkopi Cliffs. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/11/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife