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Location Cyprus, Famagusta District
Central coordinates 34o 25.50' East  35o 36.72' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3, B2, B3, C1, C6
Area 58,861 ha
Altitude 0 - 215m
Year of IBA assessment 2012

BirdLife Cyprus

Summary The remote, relatively un-spoilt and picturesque Karpasia Peninsula, with its rolling hills, juniper-dominated shrubland and low-intensity farmland is one of the outstanding IBAs in Cyprus important for its characteristic Mediterranean bird community. The site is also Endemic Bird Area, and is significant for no fewer than four species of global conservation concern like the Roller and the Audouin’s Gull. The rocky Kleides islands and the islet of Lefkoniso are the only breeding sites in Cyprus for this gull species.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Chukar Alectoris chukar breeding  2005-2011  1,500-3,000 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Least Concern 
Black Francolin Francolinus francolinus breeding  2005-2011  250-999 breeding pairs  poor  B2  Least Concern 
European Shag Phalacrocorax aristotelis breeding  2005-2011  5-25 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Red-footed Falcon Falco vespertinus passage  2005-2011  50-500 individuals  medium  A1, C1  Near Threatened 
Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus passage  2005-2011  20-60 individuals  poor  A1, C1  Near Threatened 
Burhinus oedicnemus breeding  2005-2011  < 50 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Not Recognised 
Audouin's Gull Larus audouinii breeding  2005-2011  15-28 breeding pairs  good  A1, C1, C6  Near Threatened 
Eurasian Scops-owl Otus scops breeding  2005-2011  300-600 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Least Concern 
Little Owl Athene noctua breeding  2005-2011  300-400 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Least Concern 
European Roller Coracias garrulus breeding  2005-2011  30-120 breeding pairs  medium  A1, B2, C1, C6  Near Threatened 
European Roller Coracias garrulus passage  2005-2011  250-1,000 individuals  medium  A1, C1  Near Threatened 
Masked Shrike Lanius nubicus breeding  2005-2011  30-60 breeding pairs  poor  A3  Least Concern 
Crested Lark Galerida cristata breeding  2005-2011  2,000-4,000 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Least Concern 
Spectacled Warbler Sylvia conspicillata breeding  2005-2011  500-1,000 breeding pairs  poor  A3  Least Concern 
Sardinian Warbler Sylvia melanocephala breeding  2005-2011  4,000-8,000 breeding pairs  poor  A3  Least Concern 
Cyprus Warbler Sylvia melanothorax breeding  2005-2011  10,000-15,000 breeding pairs  medium  A2, A3, B3, C6  Least Concern 
Cyprus Wheatear Oenanthe cypriaca breeding  2005-2011  1,500-2,500 breeding pairs  medium  A2, A3, B3  Least Concern 
Black-headed Bunting Emberiza melanocephala breeding  2005-2011  400-900 breeding pairs  medium  A3, B2  Least Concern 
Cretzschmar's Bunting Emberiza caesia breeding  2005-2011  40-60 breeding pairs  poor  A3  Least Concern 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Coastline Sand dunes & beaches  minor
Grassland   minor
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis  10%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Other urban and industrial areas; Perennial crops, orchards and groves  9%
Forest Native coniferous woodland  4%
Sea Open Sea; Sea inlets and coastal features  76%
Rocky areas   minor

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Karpasia Peninsula - Kleides Islands. Downloaded from on 21/04/2015

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