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Location Romania, Constanta,Tulcea
Central coordinates 29o 23.72' East  45o 9.36' North
IBA criteria C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Area 515,580 ha
Altitude 0 - 137m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

Romanian Ornithological Society



Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lesser White-fronted Goose Anser erythropus winter  1990-2006  10-30 individuals  good  C1, C6  Vulnerable 
Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons winter  1990-2006  12,000-100,000 individuals  good  C3  Least Concern 
Greylag Goose Anser anser winter  1990-2006  6,500-15,000 individuals  good  C3  Least Concern 
Red-breasted Goose Branta ruficollis winter  1990-2006  7,000-24,000 individuals  good  C1, C2, C6  Endangered 
Mute Swan Cygnus olor winter  1990-2006  3,600-5,300 individuals  good  C3  Least Concern 
Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus winter  1990-2006  340-1,270 individuals  good  C2, C6  Least Concern 
Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna winter  1990-2006  800-1,200 individuals  good  C3  Least Concern 
Gadwall Anas strepera winter  1990-2006  1,200-5,500 individuals  good  C3  Least Concern 
Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope passage  1990-2006  6,500-8,000 individuals  good  C3  Least Concern 
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos winter  1990-2006  23,500-82,000 individuals  good  C3  Least Concern 
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata passage  1990-2006  5,500-6,000 individuals  good  C3  Least Concern 
Common Teal Anas crecca passage  1990-2006  9,000-20,000 individuals  good  C3  Least Concern 
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina winter  1990-2006  540-2,470 individuals  good  C3  Least Concern 
Common Pochard Aythya ferina winter  1990-2006  24,000-38,000 individuals  good  C3  Least Concern 
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca breeding  1990-2006  3,800-4,200 breeding pairs  good  C1, C2, C6  Near Threatened 
Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula winter  1990-2006  6,300-7,450 individuals  good  C3  Least Concern 
Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula winter  1990-2006  410-520 individuals  good  C3  Least Concern 
Smew Mergellus albellus winter  1990-2006  2,100-3,800 individuals  good  C2, C6  Least Concern 
Common Merganser Mergus merganser winter  1990-2006  120-180 individuals  good  C3  Least Concern 
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala winter  1990-2006  1-4 individuals  good  C1  Endangered 
Yelkouan Shearwater Puffinus yelkouan passage  1990-2006  20-1,000 individuals  good  C2, C6  Vulnerable 
White Stork Ciconia ciconia breeding  1990-2006  80-90 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus breeding  1990-2006  2,000-3,200 breeding pairs  good  C2, C6  Least Concern 
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia breeding  1990-2006  360-440 breeding pairs  good  C2, C6  Least Concern 
Great Bittern Botaurus stellaris breeding  1990-2006  1,550-1,650 breeding pairs  good  C2, C6  Least Concern 
Little Bittern Ixobrychus minutus breeding  1990-2006  3,000-3,500 breeding pairs  good  C2, C6  Least Concern 
Black-crowned Night-heron Nycticorax nycticorax breeding  1990-2006  2,660-3,200 breeding pairs  good  C2, C6  Least Concern 
Squacco Heron Ardeola ralloides breeding  1990-2006  2,000-2,400 breeding pairs  good  C2, C6  Least Concern 
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea breeding  1990-2006  230-450 breeding pairs  good  C2, C6  Least Concern 
Great Egret Casmerodius albus breeding  1990-2006  320-360 breeding pairs  good  C2, C6  Least Concern 
Great Egret Casmerodius albus winter  1990-2006  620-870 individuals  good  C2  Least Concern 
Little Egret Egretta garzetta breeding  1990-2006  1,700-2,500 breeding pairs  good  C2, C6  Least Concern 
Great White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus breeding  1990-2006  3,560-4,160 breeding pairs  good  C2, C6  Least Concern 
Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus breeding  1990-2006  320-410 breeding pairs  good  C1, C2, C6  Vulnerable 
Pygmy Cormorant Phalacrocorax pygmeus breeding  1990-2006  8,700-9,500 breeding pairs  good  C2, C6  Least Concern 
Pygmy Cormorant Phalacrocorax pygmeus winter  1990-2006  4,000-6,500 individuals  good  C2, C6  Least Concern 
Pygmy Cormorant Phalacrocorax pygmeus passage  1990-2006  4,000-6,500 individuals  good  C2  Least Concern 
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo winter  1990-2006  3,000-7,000 individuals  good  C3  Least Concern 
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo passage  1990-2006  21,000-28,000 individuals  good  C3  Least Concern 
Saker Falcon Falco cherrug breeding  1990-2006  1-2 breeding pairs  good  C1, C6  Endangered 
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni breeding  1990-2006  1-3 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Red-footed Falcon Falco vespertinus breeding  1990-2006  220-340 breeding pairs  good  C1, C2, C6  Near Threatened 
Merlin Falco columbarius winter  1990-2006  20-60 individuals  good  C6  Least Concern 
Western Marsh-harrier Circus aeruginosus breeding  1990-2006  300-400 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus breeding  1990-2006  2-3 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
White-tailed Eagle Haliaeetus albicilla breeding  1990-2006  26-28 breeding pairs  good  C2, C6  Least Concern 
Black Kite Milvus migrans breeding  1990-2006  6-7 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Greater Spotted Eagle Aquila clanga winter  1990-2006  8-14 individuals  good  C1, C6  Vulnerable 
Little Crake Porzana parva breeding  1990-2006  2,000-3,000 breeding pairs  good  C2, C6  Least Concern 
Spotted Crake Porzana porzana breeding  1990-2006  300-400 breeding pairs  good  C2, C6  Least Concern 
Common Coot Fulica atra winter  1990-2006  22,000-34,000 individuals  good  C3  Least Concern 
Eurasian Thick-knee Burhinus oedicnemus breeding  1990-2006  44-60 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus breeding  1990-2006  220-370 breeding pairs  good  C2, C6  Least Concern 
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus passage  1990-2006  1,400-2,200 individuals  good  C2  Least Concern 
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta breeding  1990-2006  220-280 breeding pairs  good  C2, C6  Least Concern 
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta passage  1990-2006  800-1,200 individuals  good  C2  Least Concern 
Eurasian Golden Plover Pluvialis apricaria passage  1990-2006  120-300 individuals  good  C6  Least Concern 
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus breeding  1990-2006  90-120 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus passage  1990-2006  450-520 individuals  good  C2  Least Concern 
Eurasian Dotterel Eudromias morinellus passage  1990-2006  12-89 individuals  good  C6  Least Concern 
Common Redshank Tringa totanus passage  1990-2006  3,500-12,000 individuals  good  C3  Least Concern 
Great Snipe Gallinago media passage  1990-2006  20-80 individuals  good  C6  Near Threatened 
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa passage  1990-2006  10,000-15,000 individuals  good  C1, C3  Near Threatened 
Slender-billed Curlew Numenius tenuirostris passage  1990-2006  1-3 individuals  good  C1  Critically Endangered 
Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata passage  1990-2006  3,000-6,000 individuals  good  C3  Near Threatened 
Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus passage  1990-2006  750-1,200 individuals  good  C3  Least Concern 
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis passage  1990-2006  600-700 individuals  good  C3  Least Concern 
Little Stint Calidris minuta passage  1990-2006  4,000-8,000 individuals  good  C3  Least Concern 
Dunlin Calidris alpina passage  1990-2006  10,000-17,000 individuals  good  C3  Least Concern 
Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea passage  1990-2006  8,000-9,000 individuals  good  C3  Least Concern 
Broad-billed Sandpiper Limicola falcinellus passage  1990-2006  700-950 individuals  good  C3  Least Concern 
Ruff Philomachus pugnax passage  1990-2006  13,000-18,000 individuals  good  C6  Least Concern 
Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus passage  1990-2006  700-1,200 individuals  good  C6  Least Concern 
Collared Pratincole Glareola pratincola breeding  1990-2006  420-540 breeding pairs  good  C2, C6  Least Concern 
Mew Gull Larus canus passage  1990-2006  9,000-12,000 individuals  good  C3  Least Concern 
Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus passage  1990-2006  20,000-50,000 individuals  good  C3  Least Concern 
Slender-billed Gull Larus genei passage  1990-2006  20-70 individuals  good  C6  Least Concern 
Mediterranean Gull Larus melanocephalus breeding  1990-2006  220-360 breeding pairs  good  C2, C6  Least Concern 
Little Gull Larus minutus passage  1990-2006  10,000-12,000 individuals  good  C2, C6  Least Concern 
Gull-billed Tern Sterna nilotica passage  1990-2006  320-350 individuals  good  C2, C6  Least Concern 
Caspian Tern Sterna caspia passage  1990-2006  120-140 individuals  good  C2, C6  Least Concern 
Sandwich Tern Sterna sandvicensis breeding  1990-2006  20-60 breeding pairs  good  C2, C6  Least Concern 
Sandwich Tern Sterna sandvicensis passage  1990-2006  1,200-3,000 individuals  good  C2, C6  Least Concern 
Common Tern Sterna hirundo breeding  1990-2006  1,800-2,300 breeding pairs  good  C2, C6  Least Concern 
Little Tern Sterna albifrons breeding  1990-2006  160-220 breeding pairs  good  C2, C6  Least Concern 
Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida breeding  1990-2006  2,300-2,500 breeding pairs  good  C2, C6  Least Concern 
Black Tern Chlidonias niger breeding  1990-2006  20-80 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus breeding  1990-2006  12-20 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
European Roller Coracias garrulus breeding  1990-2006  360-420 breeding pairs  good  C1, C6  Near Threatened 
Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis breeding  1990-2006  1,500-1,700 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Moustached Warbler Acrocephalus melanopogon breeding  1990-2006  10,000-12,000 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Pied Wheatear Oenanthe pleschanka breeding  1990-2006  12-24 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds passage  1990-2006  470,000-950,000 individuals  good  C4   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
BeÅ Birds Directive 3,658 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Delta DunÄ Birds Directive 511,921 protected area contained by site 511,921  
Delta DunÄ Habitats Directive 121,697 protected area overlaps with site 6,408  
Delta DunÄ Habitats Directive 450,542 protected area contained by site 450,542  
Lacul Beibugeac - ROSPA0052 Birds Directive 256 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Lunca JoasÄ Habitats Directive 5,656 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Lunca Prutului - VlÄ Birds Directive 7,652 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Birds Directive 67,330 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Marea NeagrÄ Birds Directive 147,082 protected area is adjacent to site 0  

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Danube Delta. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 16/04/2014

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