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Location Australia, New South Wales (and ACT),Queensland
Central coordinates 152o 47.08' East  28o 15.17' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 135,059 ha
Altitude 100 - 1,360m
Year of IBA assessment 2008

BirdLife Australia



Summary The IBA supports populations of the endangered Eastern Bristlebird (northern subspecies), the vulnerable Black-breasted Button-quail, Rufous Scrub-bird and Albert's Lyrebird, the restricted-range Pale-yellow Robin, Paradise Riflebird, Green Catbird and Regent Bowerbird and the biome-restricted Australian Logrunner.

Site description This IBA consists of a series of contiguous protected areas along the Queensland / New South Wales border. It is defined as the following protected areas, which support populations of threatened species: Main Range National Park, Glen Rock Regional Park, Mount Barney National Park, Mount Chinghee National Park, Lamington National Park, Springbrook National Park, Glen Rock Regional Park, Border Ranges National Park, Koreelah National Park, Mebbin National Park, Wollumbin National Park, Mount Clunie National Park, Mount Nothofagus National Park, Mount Warning National Park, Wollumbin National Park, Limpinwood Nature Reserve and Numinbah Nature Reserve. The IBA also includes private properties which support the Eastern Bristlebird but these are not displayed on the map. Additional contiguous areas of forest could be included in the IBA but are not known to support populations of the threatened species. The whole Scenic Rim is largely volcanic in origin, including the Mt Warning Shield volcano, Focal Peak volcanics and Main Range volcanics. Other areas are of sedimentary origin including parts of eastern Lamington area and parts of Mount Barney National Park. The now deeply weathered, mainly basaltic soils, which dominate the IBA, support a number of rainforest/vine thicket ecosystems as well as some rare grassland and eucalypt communities. The area has a coastal sub-tropical climate with average maximum summer temperatures of 29oC, average minimum winter temperatures of 6oC and average annual rainfall of 1555 mm at the lowest altitudes (data sourced from Tyalgum weather station altitude 55 metres). Parts of Mt Warning NP, Border Ranges NP, Limpinwood NR, Numinbah NR, 20,000 ha of Lamington NP and a portion of Mebbin NP are listed as a World Heritage site, and most of Border Ranges NP and all of Limpinwood NR are designated as Wilderness Areas.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black-breasted Buttonquail Turnix melanogaster resident  1970-2008  10 breeding pairs  poor  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Albert's Lyrebird Menura alberti resident  1998-2008  frequent [units unknown]  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Rufous Scrub-bird Atrichornis rufescens resident  1970-2008  rare [units unknown]  A1, A2, A3  Endangered 
Green Catbird Ailuroedus crassirostris resident  1998-2008  common [units unknown]  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Regent Bowerbird Sericulus chrysocephalus resident  1998-2008  frequent [units unknown]  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Eastern Bristlebird Dasyornis brachypterus resident  1970-2008  10-20 individuals  good  A1, A2, A3  Endangered 
Australian Logrunner Orthonyx temminckii resident  1998-2008  frequent [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Paradise Riflebird Ptiloris paradiseus resident  1998-2008  common [units unknown]  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Pale-yellow Robin Tregellasia capito resident  1998-2008  frequent [units unknown]  A2  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Austinville 1 Forest Reserve 195 protected area contained by site 195  
Austinville 2 Forest Reserve 254 protected area contained by site 254  
Austinville 3 Forest Reserve 112 protected area contained by site 112  
Border Ranges National Park 31,760 protected area contained by site 31,683  
Koreelah National Park 5,163 protected area contained by site 5,270  
Lamington National Park 20,590 protected area contained by site 20,590  
Limpinwood Nature Reserve 2,776 protected area contained by site 2,647  
Main Range National Park 29,730 protected area contained by site 29,730  
Mebbin National Park 3,798 protected area contained by site 3,800  
Mount Barney National Park 17,660 protected area contained by site 17,660  
Mount Chinghee National Park 1,260 protected area contained by site 1,260  
Mount Clunie National Park 1,405 protected area contained by site 1,426  
Mount Nothofagus National Park 2,125 protected area contained by site 2,180  
Mount Warning National Park 2,619 protected area contained by site 2,379  
Numinbah Nature Reserve 892 protected area contained by site 858  
Springbrook Forest Reserve 91 protected area contained by site 91  
Springbrook National Park 3,106 protected area contained by site 3,106  
Wollumbin National Park 1,669 protected area contained by site 1,669  
Wollumbin State Conservation Area 369 protected area contained by site 369  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Eucalypt open forests; Eucalypt tall open forests; Rainforest & vine thickets  major
Grassland Tussock grasslands  minor
Rocky areas Inland cliffs  minor
Shrubland Closed shrublands & low closed woodlands; Heath  minor
Savanna Eucalypt open woodlands  major

Land ownership Queensland Government and NSW NPWS; small areas of private property (not mapped).

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research 100%

Other biodiversity Other fauna and flora listed under Queensland's Nature Conservation Act (1992) include 9 frogs, 7 mammals, 8 reptiles, 1 butterfly and many plant species. Thirty ecosystem types that are listed as either 'of concern' or 'endangered' under Queensland's Vegetation Management Act (1999) are also found within the Scenic Rim IBA boundary. (EPA 2007).

Protection status Various national parks and other reserves as listed. Extensions have been appended to four national parks which have been recently expanded in area.

Access/Land-Owner requests Freely accessible by road and the many walking tracks throughout the national parks. Many areas are quite remote with no walking tracks.

Acknowledgements Nomination written by Mike Mathieson with advice on bird status, monitoring and conservation received from QPWS Southern Region and EPA Biodiversity Sciences.

References Coxen's Fig-Parrot Recovery Team (2001) Coxen's Fig-Parrot Cyclopsitta diophthalma coxeni recovery plan 2001-2005. Report to Environment Australia, Canberra. QPWS, Brisbane.

Ekert, P.A. 2005 Monitoring Rufous Scrub-birds (Atrichornis rufescens) inCentral Eastern Rainforest Reserves of Australia (CERRA). Final Report 2005. Report prepared by Ekerlogic Consulting Services (ECS) for the NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service, Coffs Harbour.

Environment Australia (2000) Revision of the Interim Biogeographic Regionalisation for Australia (IBRA) and Development of Version 5.1, Environment Australia, Canberra.

EPA (2007) Regional Ecosystem Description database (REDD). Version 5.1, updated June 2007. Database maintained by Queensland Herbarium, Environmental Protection Agency, Brisbane. (http://www.epa.qld.gov.au/nature_conservation/

Mathieson, M. and Smith, G.C. (2007) National recovery plan for the black-breasted button-quail Turnix melanogaster. Report to the Department of the Environment and Water Resources, Canberra.

Ekert, P.A. 2005 Monitoring Rufous Scrub-birds (Atrichornis rufescens) inCentral Eastern Rainforest Reserves of Australia (CERRA). Final Report 2005. Report prepared by Ekerlogic Consulting Services (ECS) for the NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service, Coffs Harbour.

NSW NPWS (2004) Parks & Reserves of the Tweed Caldera incorporating National Parks: Mt Warning, Border Ranges, Mebbin, Nightcap, Mt Jerusalem, Goonengerry; Nature Reserves: Limpinwood, Numinbah, Snows Gully. Plan of Management.

Stewart, D. (2006) Rufous Scrub-bird surveys in the Queensland CERRA; November 2006. Unpublished report. Moggill, Qld: QPWS.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Scenic Rim. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/04/2014

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