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Location Ghana, Northern
Central coordinates 2o 10.00' West  10o 30.00' North
IBA criteria A3
Area 56,500 ha
Altitude 200 - 300m
Year of IBA assessment 2005

Ghana Wildlife Society

Site description Gbele Resource Reserve is situated in the north-west of the country (the nearest town is Tumu to the north-east). The topography is rather flat; it is traversed by a seasonal, sandy river (the Kulpawn) flowing from the west to the south-east. The vegetation consists mainly of various types of broad-leaved Sudanian woodland. In the vicinity of Gbele village, in the north-centre, there are some thicket clumps with Adansonia digitata, Acacia albida and Ficus sycomorus. The Kulpawn river is flanked by an interrupted line of low thickets or patches of dry forest; these are more extensive in the north, on the edge of permanent large pools. Between Gbele village and the reserve entrance in the north, the soil is shallow, or even rocky, and the woodland there is rather short and open, especially around flat rock slabs

Key Biodiversity A total of 176 species have been recorded; another 18 are known to wildlife staff, giving a total of 194 species. Species of special interest include Indicator willcocksi, found in riparian thickets (a considerable extension of range to the north), the rare Muscicapa gambagae and localized Ploceus melanocephalus. Breeding evidence for Merops nubicus and the high density of Burhinus capensis are also worth noting. Gbele is one of only three wildlife reserves where the rare Buphagus africanus is recorded. Gbele is the only wildlife reserve so far where the lark Pinarocorys erythropygia is known to occur and apparently breeds. Key species: A1: Cisticola guinea (ex-C. dorsti) was "Data Deficient". It is in fact quite widespread in West Africa and not considered endangered (see also Dowsett-Lemaire et al. in press). A3 (Sudanian biome): at least 30 of the 37 species of this biome that occur in Ghana have been recorded. In addition, there is one species of the Guineo-Congolian biome (Indicator willcocksi).

Non-bird biodiversity: Various small game animals still occur; of larger species there is a small population of Hippotragus equinus (LR/cd).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Senegal Parrot Poicephalus senegalus A3  Least Concern 
Violet Turaco Musophaga violacea A3  Least Concern 
Red-throated Bee-eater Merops bulocki A3  Least Concern 
Willcocks's Honeyguide Indicator willcocksi A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-billed Shrike Corvinella corvina A3  Least Concern 
Piapiac Ptilostomus afer A3  Least Concern 
Yellow Penduline-tit Anthoscopus parvulus A3  Least Concern 
Pied-winged Swallow Hirundo leucosoma A3  Least Concern 
Rufous Cisticola Cisticola rufus A3  Least Concern 
Oriole Warbler Hypergerus atriceps A3  Least Concern 
Senegal Eremomela Eremomela pusilla A3  Least Concern 
Purple Glossy-starling Lamprotornis purpureus A3  Least Concern 
White-crowned Robin-chat Cossypha albicapilla A3  Least Concern 
White-fronted Black-chat Myrmecocichla albifrons A3  Least Concern 
Gambaga Flycatcher Muscicapa gambagae A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-crowned Sparrow-weaver Plocepasser superciliosus A3  Least Concern 
Bush Petronia Petronia dentata A3  Least Concern 
Red-winged Pytilia Pytilia phoenicoptera A3  Least Concern 
Red-faced Pytilia Pytilia hypogrammica A3  Least Concern 
Bar-breasted Firefinch Lagonosticta rufopicta A3  Least Concern 
Black-bellied Firefinch Lagonosticta rara A3  Least Concern 
Black-throated Firefinch Lagonosticta larvata A3  Least Concern 
Lavender Waxbill Estrilda caerulescens A3  Least Concern 
Black-rumped Waxbill Estrilda troglodytes A3  Least Concern 
Long-tailed Paradise-whydah Vidua interjecta A3  Least Concern 
Togo Paradise-whydah Vidua togoensis A3  Least Concern 
Brown-rumped Bunting Emberiza affinis A3  Least Concern 
Bearded Barbet Pogonornis dubius A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Gbele Game Production Reserve 56,540 is identical to site 56,500  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Woodland - transition  major

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Gbele Resource Reserve. Downloaded from on 24/10/2016

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