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Location Congo, Likouala
Central coordinates 17o 26.47' East  1o 21.29' North
IBA criteria  
Area 438,000 ha
Altitude 280 - 380m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

Site description The site is an alluvial plain with only slight undulations where meanders and marshes intersect the landscape. The altitude varies between 280-380 metres and the hydrology of the site based around the Likouala- aux-herbes and its affluents. Quaternary sedimentary deposits of alluvial gleysols has developed a specific type of soils mainly derived from under flooded forest and floating grassland along the Likouala –aux-herbes and its tributaries.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Guineafowl Agelastes niger   Least Concern 
Plumed Guineafowl Guttera plumifera   Least Concern 
Forest Francolin Francolinus lathami   Least Concern 
Hartlaub's Duck Pteronetta hartlaubii   Least Concern 
Spot-breasted Ibis Bostrychia rara   Least Concern 
White-crested Tiger-heron Tigriornis leucolopha   Least Concern 
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea   Least Concern 
African Darter Anhinga rufa   Least Concern 
Congo Serpent-eagle Dryotriorchis spectabilis   Least Concern 
Long-tailed Hawk Urotriorchis macrourus   Least Concern 
Cassin's Hawk-eagle Aquila africanus   Least Concern 
White-spotted Flufftail Sarothrura pulchra   Least Concern 
Nkulengu Rail Himantornis haematopus   Least Concern 
African Skimmer Rynchops flavirostris   Near Threatened 
Afep Pigeon Columba unicincta   Least Concern 
Western Bronze-naped Pigeon Columba iriditorques   Least Concern 
Blue-headed Wood-dove Turtur brehmeri   Least Concern 
Psittacus erithacus   Not Recognised 
Guinea Turaco Tauraco persa   Least Concern 
Olive Long-tailed Cuckoo Cercococcyx olivinus   Least Concern 
Gabon Coucal Centropus anselli   Least Concern 
Akun Eagle-owl Bubo leucostictus   Least Concern 
Vermiculated Fishing-owl Scotopelia bouvieri   Least Concern 
Maned Owl Jubula lettii   Data Deficient 
Red-chested Owlet Glaucidium tephronotum   Least Concern 
Sjostedt's Owlet Glaucidium sjostedti   Least Concern 
Black Spinetail Telacanthura melanopygia   Least Concern 
Sabine's Spinetail Rhaphidura sabini   Least Concern 
Cassin's Spinetail Neafrapus cassini   Least Concern 
Bates's Swift Apus batesi   Least Concern 
Blue-throated Roller Eurystomus gularis   Least Concern 
Chocolate-backed Kingfisher Halcyon badia   Least Concern 
African Dwarf-kingfisher Ceyx lecontei   Least Concern 
White-bellied Kingfisher Alcedo leucogaster   Least Concern 
Black Bee-eater Merops gularis   Least Concern 
Black-headed Bee-eater Merops breweri   Least Concern 
Rosy Bee-eater Merops malimbicus   Least Concern 
Black Dwarf Hornbill Tockus hartlaubi   Least Concern 
Red-billed Dwarf Hornbill Tockus camurus   Least Concern 
African Pied Hornbill Tockus fasciatus   Least Concern 
White-crested Hornbill Tropicranus albocristatus   Least Concern 
Piping Hornbill Bycanistes fistulator   Least Concern 
Black-and-white-casqued Hornbill Bycanistes subcylindricus   Least Concern 
White-thighed Hornbill Bycanistes albotibialis   Least Concern 
Black-casqued Hornbill Ceratogymna atrata   Least Concern 
Naked-faced Barbet Gymnobucco calvus   Least Concern 
Bristle-nosed Barbet Gymnobucco peli   Least Concern 
Speckled Tinkerbird Pogoniulus scolopaceus   Least Concern 
Red-rumped Tinkerbird Pogoniulus atroflavus   Least Concern 
Yellow-throated Tinkerbird Pogoniulus subsulphureus   Least Concern 
Yellow-spotted Barbet Buccanodon duchaillui   Least Concern 
Hairy-breasted Barbet Tricholaema hirsuta   Least Concern 
Yellow-billed Barbet Trachyphonus purpuratus   Least Concern 
Cassin's Honeyguide Prodotiscus insignis   Least Concern 
Zenker's Honeyguide Melignomon zenkeri   Least Concern 
Spotted Honeyguide Indicator maculatus   Least Concern 
Buff-spotted Woodpecker Campethera nivosa   Least Concern 
Brown-eared Woodpecker Campethera caroli   Least Concern 
Gabon Woodpecker Dendropicos gabonensis   Least Concern 
Golden-crowned Woodpecker Thripias xantholophus   Least Concern 
Rufous-sided Broadbill Smithornis rufolateralis   Least Concern 
African Shrike-flycatcher Megabyas flammulatus   Least Concern 
Chestnut Wattle-eye Platysteira castanea   Least Concern 
White-spotted Wattle-eye Platysteira tonsa   Least Concern 
Red-eyed Puffback Dryoscopus senegalensis   Least Concern 
Sooty Boubou Laniarius leucorhynchus   Least Concern 
Blue Cuckooshrike Coracina azurea   Least Concern 
Western Black-headed Oriole Oriolus brachyrhynchus   Least Concern 
Black-winged Oriole Oriolus nigripennis   Least Concern 
Shining Drongo Dicrurus atripennis   Least Concern 
Shining Drongo Dicrurus atripennis   Least Concern 
Shining Drongo Dicrurus atripennis   Least Concern 
Black-headed Paradise-flycatcher Terpsiphone rufiventer   Least Concern 
Blue-headed Crested-flycatcher Trochocercus nitens   Least Concern 
Dusky Tit Parus funereus   Least Concern 
Rufous-bellied Tit Parus rufiventris   Least Concern 
Forest Penduline-tit Anthoscopus flavifrons   Least Concern 
Square-tailed Saw-wing Psalidoprocne nitens   Least Concern 
Congo Martin Riparia congica   Least Concern 
White-throated Blue Swallow Hirundo nigrita   Least Concern 
Chattering Cisticola Cisticola anonymus   Least Concern 
Apalis rufogularis   Not Recognised 
Gosling's Apalis Apalis goslingi   Least Concern 
Yellow-browed Camaroptera Camaroptera superciliaris   Least Concern 
Olive-green Camaroptera Camaroptera chloronota   Least Concern 
Grey Greenbul Andropadus gracilis   Least Concern 
Ansorge's Greenbul Andropadus ansorgei   Least Concern 
Plain Greenbul Andropadus curvirostris   Least Concern 
Golden Greenbul Calyptocichla serina   Least Concern 
Honeyguide Greenbul Baeopogon indicator   Least Concern 
White-tailed Greenbul Baeopogon clamans   Least Concern 
Spotted Greenbul Ixonotus guttatus   Least Concern 
Simple Greenbul Chlorocichla simplex   Least Concern 
Simple Greenbul Chlorocichla simplex   Least Concern 
Swamp Greenbul Thescelocichla leucopleura   Least Concern 
Leaf-love Pyrrhurus scandens   Least Concern 
White-throated Greenbul Phyllastrephus albigularis   Least Concern 
Icterine Greenbul Phyllastrephus icterinus   Least Concern 
Xavier's Greenbul Phyllastrephus xavieri   Least Concern 
Common Bristlebill Bleda syndactylus   Least Concern 
Lesser Bristlebill Bleda notatus   Least Concern 
Green-backed Bulbul Criniger chloronotus   Least Concern 
Red-tailed Bulbul Criniger calurus   Least Concern 
White-bearded Bulbul Criniger ndussumensis   Least Concern 
Yellow-spotted Nicator Nicator chloris   Least Concern 
Yellow-throated Nicator Nicator vireo   Least Concern 
Yellow Longbill Macrosphenus flavicans   Least Concern 
Grey Longbill Macrosphenus concolor   Least Concern 
Green Hylia Hylia prasina   Least Concern 
Rufous-crowned Eremomela Eremomela badiceps   Least Concern 
Green Crombec Sylvietta virens   Least Concern 
Lemon-bellied Crombec Sylvietta denti   Least Concern 
Blackcap Illadopsis Illadopsis cleaveri   Least Concern 
Brown Illadopsis Illadopsis fulvescens   Least Concern 
Purple-headed Glossy-starling Lamprotornis purpureiceps   Least Concern 
Chestnut-winged Starling Onychognathus fulgidus   Least Concern 
White-tailed Ant-thrush Neocossyphus poensis   Least Concern 
Rufous Flycatcher-thrush Stizorhina fraseri   Least Concern 
Alethe diademata   Not Recognised 
Alethe diademata   Not Recognised 
Forest Robin Stiphrornis erythrothorax   Least Concern 
African Forest Flycatcher Fraseria ocreata   Least Concern 
White-browed Forest Flycatcher Fraseria cinerascens   Least Concern 
Sooty Flycatcher Muscicapa infuscata   Least Concern 
Little Grey Flycatcher Muscicapa epulata   Least Concern 
Cassin's Grey Flycatcher Muscicapa cassini   Least Concern 
Grey-throated Tit-flycatcher Myioparus griseigularis   Least Concern 
Scarlet-tufted Sunbird Anthreptes fraseri   Least Concern 
Violet-tailed Sunbird Anthreptes aurantium   Least Concern 
Green Sunbird Anthreptes rectirostris   Least Concern 
Little Green Sunbird Nectarinia seimundi   Least Concern 
Blue-throated Brown Sunbird Nectarinia cyanolaema   Least Concern 
Green-throated Sunbird Nectarinia rubescens   Least Concern 
Congo Sunbird Nectarinia congensis   Least Concern 
Johanna's Sunbird Nectarinia johannae   Least Concern 
Orange Weaver Ploceus aurantius   Least Concern 
Orange Weaver Ploceus aurantius   Least Concern 
Vieillot's Black Weaver Ploceus nigerrimus   Least Concern 
Yellow-capped Weaver Ploceus dorsomaculatus   Least Concern 
Red-crowned Malimbe Malimbus coronatus   Least Concern 
Black-throated Malimbe Malimbus cassini   Least Concern 
Gray's Malimbe Malimbus nitens   Least Concern 
Crested Malimbe Malimbus malimbicus   Least Concern 
Red-headed Malimbe Malimbus rubricollis   Least Concern 
Woodhouse's Antpecker Parmoptila woodhousei   Least Concern 
White-breasted Negrofinch Nigrita fusconotus   Least Concern 
Chestnut-breasted Negrofinch Nigrita bicolor   Least Concern 
Western Bluebill Spermophaga haematina   Least Concern 
Long-legged Pipit Anthus pallidiventris   Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Lac Télé Community Reserve 438,960 is identical to site 438,000  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   major
Savanna   minor

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture minor
hunting minor
agriculture minor

Other biodiversity The site is hosting a very rich fauna including large population of Gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) living in the swamp forest. Other animal are Chimpanzees, nine species of monkey, six species of Duiker, Elephant (Loxodonta africana, Buffalo (Syncerus caffer), Hyppopotamus (Hyppopotamus amphibius) and Crocodile (Crocodylus niloticus).

Protection status The reserve was established by the decree n° 2001-220 of 10 May 2001. As one of the Ramsar Sites for the Congo it is under protection status. But, as local population is still depending on fish and bushmeat for 98% of its protein there is a need for sustainable management of these natural resources for the reserve to survive and the population to improve the livelihoods.

References Ikonga Mokoko Ikonga, J. and Rainey H. 2007. Dix ans de dénombrements d’oiseaux d’eau au Congo dans le site Ramsar de la Réserve Communautaire du Lac Télé 1997-2006. Wetlands International. Moutsamboté, J.M.1998. Etude de la végétation herbeuse des sols hydromorphes du site du Lac Télé. Unpublished report ; IUCN

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Lake Te'le' Community Reserve. Downloaded from on 17/04/2014

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