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Location Congo, Likouala
Central coordinates 17o 26.47' East  1o 21.29' North
IBA criteria A1, A3, A4i
Area 438,000 ha
Altitude 280 - 380m
Year of IBA assessment 2007





Site description The site is an alluvial plain with only slight undulations where meanders and marshes intersect the landscape. The altitude varies between 280-380 metres and the hydrology of the site based around the Likouala- aux-herbes and its affluents. Quaternary sedimentary deposits of alluvial gleysols has developed a specific type of soils mainly derived from under flooded forest and floating grassland along the Likouala –aux-herbes and its tributaries.

Key Biodiversity An average of more than 3,000 large waterbird species, notably Phalacrocoracideae, Anhingideae, Ardeideae, Ciconiidae, Threskiornithidae and Anatidae has been recorded annually in the area during the 10 years survey conducted by J. Mokoko (Mokoko and al., 2007). The bird survey has shown that the population of Anhinga rufa and Ardea purpurea is more than the 1 % biogeographic population level for these 2 species. As regards Anhinga rufa, an average of 391 with a maximum of 1,302 was recorded,while a maximum of 1,539 with an average of 703 for Ardea purpurea was recorded

Non-bird biodiversity: The site is hosting a very rich fauna including large population of Gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) living in the swamp forest. Other animal are Chimpanzees, nine species of monkey, six species of Duiker, Elephant (Loxodonta africana, Buffalo (Syncerus caffer), Hyppopotamus (Hyppopotamus amphibius) and Crocodile (Crocodylus niloticus).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Trachyphonus purpuratus A3  Not Recognised 
Gymnobucco calvus A3  Not Recognised 
Bristle-nosed Barbet Gymnobucco peli A3  Least Concern 
Speckled Tinkerbird Pogoniulus scolopaceus A3  Least Concern 
Red-rumped Tinkerbird Pogoniulus atroflavus A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-throated Tinkerbird Pogoniulus subsulphureus A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-spotted Barbet Buccanodon duchaillui A3  Least Concern 
Hairy-breasted Barbet Tricholaema hirsuta A3  Least Concern 
Black Guineafowl Agelastes niger A3  Least Concern 
Plumed Guineafowl Guttera plumifera A3  Least Concern 
Forest Francolin Peliperdix lathami A3  Least Concern 
Hartlaub's Duck Pteronetta hartlaubii A3  Least Concern 
Spot-breasted Ibis Bostrychia rara A3  Least Concern 
White-crested Tiger-heron Tigriornis leucolopha A3  Least Concern 
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea 1,000-2,499  A4i  Least Concern 
African Darter Anhinga rufa 250-999  A4i  Least Concern 
Congo Serpent-eagle Dryotriorchis spectabilis A3  Least Concern 
Long-tailed Hawk Urotriorchis macrourus A3  Least Concern 
Cassin's Hawk-eagle Aquila africana A3  Least Concern 
White-spotted Flufftail Sarothrura pulchra A3  Least Concern 
Nkulengu Rail Himantornis haematopus A3  Least Concern 
African Skimmer Rynchops flavirostris A1  Near Threatened 
Afep Pigeon Columba unicincta A3  Least Concern 
Western Bronze-naped Pigeon Columba iriditorques A3  Least Concern 
Blue-headed Wood-dove Turtur brehmeri A3  Least Concern 
Psittacus erithacus A3  Not Recognised 
Green Turaco Tauraco persa A3  Least Concern 
Olive Long-tailed Cuckoo Cercococcyx olivinus A3  Least Concern 
Gabon Coucal Centropus anselli A3  Least Concern 
Akun Eagle-owl Bubo leucostictus A3  Least Concern 
Vermiculated Fishing-owl Scotopelia bouvieri A3  Least Concern 
Maned Owl Jubula lettii A3  Data Deficient 
Red-chested Owlet Glaucidium tephronotum A3  Least Concern 
Sjostedt's Owlet Glaucidium sjostedti A3  Least Concern 
Black Spinetail Telacanthura melanopygia A3  Least Concern 
Sabine's Spinetail Rhaphidura sabini A3  Least Concern 
Cassin's Spinetail Neafrapus cassini A3  Least Concern 
Bates's Swift Apus batesi A3  Least Concern 
Blue-throated Roller Eurystomus gularis A3  Least Concern 
Chocolate-backed Kingfisher Halcyon badia A3  Least Concern 
African Dwarf-kingfisher Ispidina lecontei A3  Least Concern 
White-bellied Kingfisher Corythornis leucogaster A3  Least Concern 
Black Bee-eater Merops gularis A3  Least Concern 
Black-headed Bee-eater Merops breweri A3  Least Concern 
Rosy Bee-eater Merops malimbicus A3  Least Concern 
Bycanistes fistulator A3  Not Recognised 
Tockus fasciatus A3  Not Recognised 
Tockus hartlaubi A3  Not Recognised 
Tropicranus albocristatus A3  Not Recognised 
Dwarf Hornbill Lophoceros camurus A3  Least Concern 
Grey-cheeked Hornbill Bycanistes subcylindricus A3  Least Concern 
White-thighed Hornbill Bycanistes albotibialis A3  Least Concern 
Black-casqued Hornbill Ceratogymna atrata A3  Least Concern 
Cassin's Honeybird Prodotiscus insignis A3  Least Concern 
Zenker's Honeyguide Melignomon zenkeri A3  Least Concern 
Spotted Honeyguide Indicator maculatus A3  Least Concern 
Dendropicos gabonensis A3  Not Recognised 
Buff-spotted Woodpecker Campethera nivosa A3  Least Concern 
Brown-eared Woodpecker Campethera caroli A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-crested Woodpecker Dendropicos xantholophus A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-sided Broadbill Smithornis rufolateralis A3  Least Concern 
African Shrike-flycatcher Megabyas flammulatus A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut Wattle-eye Platysteira castanea A3  Least Concern 
White-spotted Wattle-eye Platysteira tonsa A3  Least Concern 
Red-eyed Puffback Dryoscopus senegalensis A3  Least Concern 
Sooty Boubou Laniarius leucorhynchus A3  Least Concern 
Blue Cuckooshrike Coracina azurea A3  Least Concern 
Western Black-headed Oriole Oriolus brachyrhynchus A3  Least Concern 
Black-winged Oriole Oriolus nigripennis A3  Least Concern 
Shining Drongo Dicrurus atripennis A3  Least Concern 
Shining Drongo Dicrurus atripennis A3  Least Concern 
Shining Drongo Dicrurus atripennis A3  Least Concern 
Black-headed Paradise-flycatcher Terpsiphone rufiventer A3  Least Concern 
Blue-headed Crested-flycatcher Trochocercus nitens A3  Least Concern 
Dusky Tit Parus funereus A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-bellied Tit Parus rufiventris A3  Least Concern 
Forest Penduline-tit Anthoscopus flavifrons A3  Least Concern 
Square-tailed Saw-wing Psalidoprocne nitens A3  Least Concern 
Congo Martin Riparia congica A3  Least Concern 
White-throated Blue Swallow Hirundo nigrita A3  Least Concern 
Chattering Cisticola Cisticola anonymus A3  Least Concern 
Apalis rufogularis A3  Not Recognised 
Gosling's Apalis Apalis goslingi A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-browed Camaroptera Camaroptera superciliaris A3  Least Concern 
Olive-green Camaroptera Camaroptera chloronota A3  Least Concern 
Grey Greenbul Andropadus gracilis A3  Least Concern 
Ansorge's Greenbul Andropadus ansorgei A3  Least Concern 
Plain Greenbul Andropadus curvirostris A3  Least Concern 
Golden Greenbul Calyptocichla serina A3  Least Concern 
Honeyguide Greenbul Baeopogon indicator A3  Least Concern 
White-tailed Greenbul Baeopogon clamans A3  Least Concern 
Spotted Greenbul Ixonotus guttatus A3  Least Concern 
Simple Greenbul Chlorocichla simplex A3  Least Concern 
Simple Greenbul Chlorocichla simplex A3  Least Concern 
Swamp Greenbul Thescelocichla leucopleura A3  Least Concern 
Leaf-love Pyrrhurus scandens A3  Least Concern 
White-throated Greenbul Phyllastrephus albigularis A3  Least Concern 
Icterine Greenbul Phyllastrephus icterinus A3  Least Concern 
Xavier's Greenbul Phyllastrephus xavieri A3  Least Concern 
Common Bristlebill Bleda syndactylus A3  Least Concern 
Lesser Bristlebill Bleda notatus A3  Least Concern 
Green-backed Bulbul Criniger chloronotus A3  Least Concern 
Red-tailed Bulbul Criniger calurus A3  Least Concern 
White-bearded Bulbul Criniger ndussumensis A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-spotted Nicator Nicator chloris A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-throated Nicator Nicator vireo A3  Least Concern 
Yellow Longbill Macrosphenus flavicans A3  Least Concern 
Grey Longbill Macrosphenus concolor A3  Least Concern 
Green Hylia Hylia prasina A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-crowned Eremomela Eremomela badiceps A3  Least Concern 
Green Crombec Sylvietta virens A3  Least Concern 
Lemon-bellied Crombec Sylvietta denti A3  Least Concern 
Blackcap Illadopsis Illadopsis cleaveri A3  Least Concern 
Brown Illadopsis Illadopsis fulvescens A3  Least Concern 
Purple-headed Glossy-starling Lamprotornis purpureiceps A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-winged Starling Onychognathus fulgidus A3  Least Concern 
White-tailed Ant-thrush Neocossyphus poensis A3  Least Concern 
Rufous Flycatcher-thrush Stizorhina fraseri A3  Least Concern 
Alethe diademata A3  Not Recognised 
Alethe diademata A3  Not Recognised 
Forest Robin Stiphrornis erythrothorax A3  Least Concern 
African Forest Flycatcher Fraseria ocreata A3  Least Concern 
White-browed Forest Flycatcher Fraseria cinerascens A3  Least Concern 
Sooty Flycatcher Muscicapa infuscata A3  Least Concern 
Little Grey Flycatcher Muscicapa epulata A3  Least Concern 
Cassin's Grey Flycatcher Muscicapa cassini A3  Least Concern 
Grey-throated Tit-flycatcher Myioparus griseigularis A3  Least Concern 
Scarlet-tufted Sunbird Anthreptes fraseri A3  Least Concern 
Violet-tailed Sunbird Anthreptes aurantium A3  Least Concern 
Green Sunbird Anthreptes rectirostris A3  Least Concern 
Little Green Sunbird Nectarinia seimundi A3  Least Concern 
Blue-throated Brown Sunbird Nectarinia cyanolaema A3  Least Concern 
Green-throated Sunbird Nectarinia rubescens A3  Least Concern 
Congo Sunbird Nectarinia congensis A3  Least Concern 
Johanna's Sunbird Nectarinia johannae A3  Least Concern 
Orange Weaver Ploceus aurantius A3  Least Concern 
Orange Weaver Ploceus aurantius A3  Least Concern 
Vieillot's Black Weaver Ploceus nigerrimus A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-capped Weaver Ploceus dorsomaculatus A3  Least Concern 
Red-crowned Malimbe Malimbus coronatus A3  Least Concern 
Black-throated Malimbe Malimbus cassini A3  Least Concern 
Gray's Malimbe Malimbus nitens A3  Least Concern 
Crested Malimbe Malimbus malimbicus A3  Least Concern 
Red-headed Malimbe Malimbus rubricollis A3  Least Concern 
Woodhouse's Antpecker Parmoptila woodhousei A3  Least Concern 
White-breasted Negrofinch Nigrita fusconotus A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-breasted Negrofinch Nigrita bicolor A3  Least Concern 
Western Bluebill Spermophaga haematina A3  Least Concern 
Long-legged Pipit Anthus pallidiventris A3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2007 medium favourable low
  Habitat
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Forest   0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable

Most of site (50-90%) covered (including the most critical parts for important bird species)  Unknown  Some limited conservation initiatives are in place  low 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Lac Télé Community Reserve 438,960 is identical to site 438,000  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   major
Savanna   minor

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture minor
hunting minor
agriculture minor

Protection status The reserve was established by the decree n° 2001-220 of 10 May 2001. As one of the Ramsar Sites for the Congo it is under protection status. But, as local population is still depending on fish and bushmeat for 98% of its protein there is a need for sustainable management of these natural resources for the reserve to survive and the population to improve the livelihoods.

References Ikonga Mokoko Ikonga, J. and Rainey H. 2007. Dix ans de dénombrements d’oiseaux d’eau au Congo dans le site Ramsar de la Réserve Communautaire du Lac Télé 1997-2006. Wetlands International. Moutsamboté, J.M.1998. Etude de la végétation herbeuse des sols hydromorphes du site du Lac Télé. Unpublished report ; IUCN

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Lake Télé Community Reserve. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/12/2014

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