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Location Lithuania, Telsiai
Central coordinates 21o 53.00' East  56o 3.00' North
IBA criteria A1, B2, B3, C1, C6
Area 26,871 ha
Altitude 120 - 180m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Lietuvos Ornitologu Draugija (Affiliate)

Site description The majority of the area is covered by hemi-boreal forest (mostly dominated by Picea), and there are also bogs, marshes, several lakes with islands, meadows, and agricultural land. Land-uses are many and varied, including agriculture, forestry, and recreation.

Key Biodiversity An important breeding area for Porzana porzana. Breeding species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Crex crex. This is the main breeding site for Mergus merganser (10-18 pairs) in Lithuania and is also important for breeding Ciconia ciconia (more than 70 pairs) and Tetrao tetrix.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Hazel Grouse Bonasa bonasia breeding  100 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Corncrake Crex crex breeding  1999  20 breeding pairs  unknown  A1  Least Concern 
Corncrake Crex crex breeding  35 males only  C1  Least Concern 
Spotted Crake Porzana porzana breeding  1996  25 breeding pairs  B3  Least Concern 
Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis breeding  1999  10 breeding pairs  unknown  B2  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Zemaitija National Park 20,120 protected area contains site 20,120  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Mixed woodland; Native coniferous woodland; Treeline ecotone  41%
Grassland Humid grasslands; Mesophile grasslands  9%
Wetlands (inland) Fens, transition mires and springs; Raised bogs; Rivers and streams; Standing freshwater  7%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Other urban and industrial areas; Perennial crops, orchards and groves; Ruderal land  43%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry 41%
agriculture 41%
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
rangeland/pastureland 9%

Protection status National High International None20,120 ha of IBA covered by National Park (Žemaitija, 20,120 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Zemaitija National Park. Downloaded from on 24/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife