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Location Turkey, Gaziantep,Urfa
Central coordinates 38o 3.00' East  37o 17.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Area 206,600 ha
Altitude 411 m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Doga Dernegi (Partner Designate)

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Northern Bald Ibis Geronticus eremita breeding  2002  55 individuals  A1, A4i, B1i, B2  Critically Endangered 
Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus non-breeding  2001  550 individuals  A1, B1i  Least Concern 
Pin-tailed Sandgrouse Pterocles alchata breeding  2000  20-30 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Pallid Scops-owl Otus brucei breeding  1-5 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Little Swift Apus affinis breeding  150 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Pied Kingfisher Ceryle rudis breeding  5-10 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Graceful Prinia Prinia gracilis breeding  20 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Trumpeter Finch Bucanetes githagineus breeding  5-20 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Cinereous Bunting Emberiza cineracea breeding  2001  50 breeding pairs  A1, B2  Near Threatened 

IBA Monitoring

2015 very high unfavourable low
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Agriculture and aquaculture annual & perennial non-timber crops - agro-industry farming happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - motivation unknown/unrecorded happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Energy production and mining mining and quarrying happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - large dams happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high

Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams  0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable

Geronticus eremita Northern Bald Ibis 1000 209 individuals 21 very unfavourable

Most of site (50-90%) covered (including the most critical parts for important bird species)  A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive  Some limited conservation initiatives are in place  low 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Birecik Firat YHGS Wildlife Development Area 0 unknown 0  
Birecik Lake Wetland Other Area 0 protected area contained by site 0  

Local conservation groups The local conservation group below is working to support conservation at this IBA.

Name Year formed
Doğa Kültür ve Yaşatma Derneği 2011


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Desert Semidesert  major
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams  major
Artificial - aquatic   major
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Urban parks and gardens  major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture major
energy production and mining major
tourism/recreation major

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Southern Euphrates Valley and Birecik Plains. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife