|Central coordinates||144o 28.41' East 13o 58.70' South|
|Altitude||0 - 2m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2009|
Summary Wilson Reef has supported more than 1% of the world population of Brown Booby and large numbers of Sooty Terns.
Site description This IBA consists of Wilson Reef in the Great Barrier Reef about 30 km north of Cape Melville on the Cape York Peninsula. Wilson Reef (4.5 ha) is a small coral reef with no significant islands except for some unnamed sand cays. There are numerous other similar reefs in this area, which may also support significant numbers of birds. Wilson Reef is in the habitat protection zone of the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park.
Key Biodiversity Also 5000 pairs of Sooty Tern in 1995, 10,600 pairs in 1999 and 6350 pairs in 2000; and 6000 pairs Common Noddy at an un-named cay at -13.98 ºS, 144.44 ºE in 1988.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Brown Booby Sula leucogaster||resident||1995-1997||1,000-1,400 nests||medium||A4ii||Least Concern|
|2008||high||not assessed||not assessed|
|Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data|
|Climate change and severe weather||storms and floods||likely in long term (beyond 4 years)||whole area/population (>90%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||high|
|Human intrusions and disturbance||recreational activities||happening now||whole area/population (>90%)||no or imperceptible deterioration||low|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Great Barrier Reef||World Heritage Site||34,870,000||protected area contains site||4|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Coastline||Sand cays, islets & bars||100%|
Land ownership Australian Federal Government with management the responsibility of Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority.
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||100%|
Acknowledgements Paul O'Neill provided advice and access to the GBR seabird database.
References GBRMPA. (1997) Guidelines for Managing Visitation to Seabird Breeding Islands. Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority unpublished report.
Queensland Parks & Wildlife Service (2007) GBR seabird database (accessed May 2007).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Wilson Reef (Great Barrier Reef). Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/05/2016
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