|Central coordinates||146o 20.91' East 43o 36.41' South|
|IBA criteria||A4i, A4ii|
|Altitude||0 - 354m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2009|
Summary The Maatsuyker Island Group supports more than 1% of the world population of Short-tailed Shearwater (about 1.5 million pairs), Fairy Prion and Black-faced Cormorant, as well as thousands of pairs of Common Diving-Petrel and Little Penguin.
Site description This IBA consists of the whole Maatsuyker group of islands, which about 10 km off Red Point in Southwest National Park, Tasmania. The IBA includes De Witt Island, Maatsuyker Island, Ile du Golfe, Hen Island, Flat Top Island, Round Top Island, Louisa Island, Walker Island, Flat Witch Island and Needle Rocks, but excludes Chicken Island. The islands selected for inclusion are largely undisturbed rocky islands with natural vegetation which varies from grass through forbs and ferns to Leptospermum-dominated scrub and eucalypt woodlands, depending on the degree of exposure: De Witt Island (515 ha, densely wooded with a 354 m summit), Maatsuyker Island itself (186 ha, well-known for its lighthouse and meteorology station, a Leptospermum-dominated island with weeds and other remnants of previous occupation and a 278m summit), Ile du Golfe (68 ha, scrubby limestone ridge), Hen (8 ha, pristine island), Flat Top (1.6 ha, with a short herby plateau surrounded by cliffs), Round Top (6 ha, pristine steep rocky island), Louisa (23 ha, wooded island separated from mainland by 250 m sand spit), Walker (15 ha, with stunted scrub) and Flat Witch (64 ha, shrubby) Islands and Needle Rocks (a series of rocks off Maatsuyker, five with birds, totalling 10 ha).
Key Biodiversity More than 50 species have been recorded in the island group including thousands of pairs of Common Diving-Petrel (8660 pairs estimated on Round Top, 1000 pairs estimated on Flat Top), 2900 pairs of Little Penguin, 17 pairs of Pacific Gull, 10 pairs of Sooty Oystercatcher and five pairs of Hooded Plover at Louisa Island (White 1981) and probably many more across the IBA; Swift Parrot and Wedge-tailed Eagle have been recorded at De Witt Island; Peregrine Falcon at Ile du Golfe, De Witt and Maatsuyker Islands; and Orange-bellied Parrot and Grey Goshawk at Maatsuyker Island. Lewin's Rail was commonly heard by White (1981) at Louisa Island in 1977, and there are records from Maatsuyker and Flat Witch Islands. At least six pairs of Soft-plumaged Petrel at Maatsuyker Island, and possibly overlooked on other islands are possibly the critically endangered subspecies deceptornis; this species otherwise only occurs within Australia on Macquarie Island. Very small numbers of Sooty Shearwater nest amongst the Short-tailed Shearwater. Five pairs of Hooded Plover were reported on Louisa Island by White (1981). Strong-billed Honeyeater was common on De Witt Island in 1977 (White 1981).
Non-bird biodiversity: Metallic Skink, Three-lined Skink, Tasmanian Tree Skink, Long-nosed Potoroo, Tasmanian Pademelon, Swamp Rat. More than 2000 Australian Fur Seals, mostly at Walker and Maatsuyker Islands and Needle Rocks; 130-140 New Zealand Fur Seal pups and small numbers of Southern Elephant Seal annually at Maatsuyker Island. Eastern Pygmy Possums on Little Witch and De Witt Islands. New Zealand Fur Seals breed on Little Witch. De Witt Island is dominated by eucalypt forest, and White (1981a) recorded 56 plant species despite deliberate burning of bird rookeries by fishermen.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Fairy Prion Pachyptila turtur||resident||-||51,000-356,400 breeding pairs||-||A4ii||Least Concern|
|Short-tailed Shearwater Ardenna tenuirostris||resident||-||1,467,760-1,821,166 breeding pairs||-||A4ii||Least Concern|
|Black-faced Cormorant Phalacrocorax fuscescens||resident||1985||312 breeding pairs||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|2008||low||not assessed||not assessed|
|Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data|
|Biological resource use||fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - unintentional effects: large scale||happening now||majority/most of area/population (50-90%)||no or imperceptible deterioration||low|
|Human intrusions and disturbance||recreational activities||happening now||majority/most of area/population (50-90%)||no or imperceptible deterioration||low|
|Invasive & other problematic species, genes & diseases||invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - named species||happening now||majority/most of area/population (50-90%)||no or imperceptible deterioration||low|
|Residential and commercial development||commercial and industrial development||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||no or imperceptible deterioration||low|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Southwest||National Park||618,267||protected area contains site||901|
|Tasmanian Wilderness||World Heritage Site||1,407,513||protected area contains site||901|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Coastline||Sea cliffs, rocky shores & rocky islets||major|
|Forest||Eucalypt open forests||major|
|Shrubland||Closed shrublands & low closed woodlands||major|
Land ownership Tasmanian State Government
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||100%|
Protection status Small part of the very large Southwest National Park (World Heritage Area).
Access/Land-Owner requests Access is discouraged to protect nesting seabirds. Permission to visit should be sought from DPIW.
Acknowledgements The nomination was prepared by Peter Britton. Rachael Alderman and Rosemary Gales of DPIW kindly commented on the nomination.
References Brothers, N., Pemberton, D., Pryor, H. and Halley, V. (2001) Tasmania's Offshore Islands: seabirds and other natural features. Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery: Hobart.
Marchant, S. and Higgins, P.J. (Eds)(1990) Handbook of Australian, New Zealand and Antarctic Birds. Volume 1: Ratites to Ducks. Oxford University Press: Melbourne.
Milledge, D. and Brothers, N. (1976) Maatsuyker Island, Tasmania. Australian Bird Bander 14: 32-34.
Skira, I.J., Brothers, N.P. and Pemberton, D. (1996) Distribution, abundance and conservation status of Short-tailed Shearwaters Puffinus tenuirostris in Tasmania, Australia. Marine Ornithology 24:1-14.
White, G. (1981a) Islands of south-west Tasmania. A.T. Sutton & Co Pty. Ltd: Sydney.
White, G. (1981b) Ile de Golfe, Tasmania. Corella 5: 53-55.
White, G. (1987) Walker Island, Maatsuyker Group, Tasmania. Corella 11: 85-86.
Wiltshire, A., Hamilton, S. and Brothers, N. (2004) First record of Soft-plumaged Petrels, Pterodroma mollis, breeding in Australia. Emu 104: 363-368.
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