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Location Australia, Victoria
Central coordinates 146o 9.20' East  38o 49.22' South
IBA criteria A1, A4i
Area 1,835 ha
Altitude 0 - 10m
Year of IBA assessment 2009

BirdLife Australia

Summary Shallow Inlet supports more than 1% of the world's Double-banded Plovers and Red-necked Stints, and has supported the critically endangered Orange-bellied Parrot (confirmed by a sighting in 2007).

Site description The IBA contains all of the coastal habitat in the inlet, notably intertidal mud and saltmarsh. Shallow Inlet is a large tidal embayment with a single channel to the sea, on Victoria's south-eastern coastline near Wilson's Promontory. The seaward side is enclosed by a sandy barrier complex of spits, bars and mobile dunes. The extensive mudflats and sandy intertidal areas provide excellent habitat for shorebirds. The site also includes good quality saltmarsh, which may regularly support Orange-bellied Parrots (although only one has been seen in recent years). The IBA includes the Shallow Inlet Saltmarsh Flora & Fauna Reserve to the east of the inlet, the Flora & Fauna Reserve to the west and the eastern section of the Waratah Bay Shallow Inlet Coastal Reserve.

Key Biodiversity AWSG data show that Eastern Curlew exceeded the threshold in 1983 but not 'regularly', and the site also supports significant numbers of Pacific Golden Plover, Curlew Sandpiper and Sanderling. Apart from Sanderling, no comprehensive wader counts had been conducted at the inlet since 1990 until a survey on 24-25 January 2007. No Hooded Plovers were recorded at this location in a study by Weston (2003) but five were recorded in January 2007. Striated Fieldwrens have been recorded at the inlet (Atlas of Australian Birds database).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Double-banded Plover Charadrius bicinctus non-breeding  1984-1989  538-597 individuals  good  A4i  Least Concern 
Red-necked Stint Calidris ruficollis non-breeding  1981-1987  3,366-5,421 individuals  good  A4i  Near Threatened 
Orange-bellied Parrot Neophema chrysogaster non-breeding  2007  1 individuals  good  A1  Critically Endangered 

IBA Monitoring

2008 medium not assessed not assessed
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Agriculture and aquaculture livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - agro-industry grazing, ranching or farmin happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Invasive & other problematic species, genes & diseases invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - named species happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Shallow Inlet Marine and Coastal Park 1,971 protected area overlaps with site 1,658  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Coastline Estuarine waters; Intertidal mud, sand & salt flats; Salt marshes; Sand cays, islets & bars  major
Shrubland Other shrublands  minor

Land ownership Victorian State Government.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture minor
nature conservation and research major
tourism/recreation minor

Protection status The IBA overlaps with Shallow Inlet Marine and Coastal Park.

Acknowledgements Bird data and site description from Shorebirds Site Network nomination by Peter Collins. Bird data supplied by the AWSG Victorian Branch and DSE for Sanderling.

References Australian Wetlands Information Sheet for Shallow Inlet (accessed 2006).

AWSG wader count database (accessed 2006).

Parks Victoria Information Sheet for Shallow Inlet Marine & Coastal Park (accessed 2006).

Weston, M. (2003) Managing the Hooded Plover in Victoria. Unpublished report to Parks Victoria, Melbourne.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Shallow Inlet. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016

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