|Central coordinates||146o 15.11' East 19o 1.85' South|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2, A3|
|Altitude||10 - 1,063m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2009|
Summary Paluma supports a significant population of the vulnerable Southern Cassowary. It also supports significant populations of 13 of the 15 species restricted to the Queensland Wet Tropics (all except Atherton Scrubwren and White-streaked Honeyeater).
Site description The Paluma IBA encompasses the southern-most portion of tropical rainforest that makes up north Queensland's Wet Tropics rainforest. The boundary of the IBA coincides with the Wet Tropics World Heritage boundary. Additional adjacent areas of forest could be included in the IBA but the World Heritage Area adequately protects populations of the key species, especially the high-altitude species. Geologically the area is dominated by granites and metamophics, and these form ranges, high hills and mountain tops. Covering this geography is mainly rainforest vegetation with wet sclerophyll also present in some places. Historically, much of the area has been selectively logged, however the impact of this logging has been relatively minor with the ecological integrity of the area largely intact. As a high-altitude block, with most of the area above 800m and significant areas above 900m, it supports all but one of the high altitude rainforest species that are endemic to the Wet Tropics, and could be an important climate change refuge.
Key Biodiversity Other species recorded in the IBA include the near threatened Bush Stone-curlew and the biome-restricted White-gaped Honeyeater, Yellow Honeyeater and White-browed Robin (Atlas of Australian Birds database).
Non-bird biodiversity: As with the birds the Paluma Range is the southern outlier for a number of endemic fauna species including the legless lizard Coeranoscincus frontalis, Boyds forest dragon, the rainforest skink Saproscincus tetradactylus, green ringtail possum and the endangered frog Litoria nannotis.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Southern Cassowary Casuarius casuarius||resident||1988-2007||uncommon||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Tooth-billed Bowerbird Scenopoeetes dentirostris||resident||1998-2008||common||-||A2, A3||Least Concern|
|Golden Bowerbird Prionodura newtoniana||resident||1998-2008||frequent||-||A2, A3||Least Concern|
|Lovely Fairywren Malurus amabilis||resident||1998-2008||uncommon||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Macleay's Honeyeater Xanthotis macleayanus||resident||1998-2008||frequent||-||A2, A3||Least Concern|
|Bridled Honeyeater Lichenostomus frenatus||resident||1998-2008||abundant||-||A2, A3||Least Concern|
|Yellow-spotted Honeyeater Meliphaga notata||resident||1998-2008||common||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Fernwren Oreoscopus gutturalis||resident||1998-2008||frequent||-||A2, A3||Least Concern|
|Mountain Thornbill Acanthiza katherina||resident||1998-2008||uncommon||-||A2, A3||Least Concern|
|Chowchilla Orthonyx spaldingii||resident||1998-2008||common||-||A2, A3||Least Concern|
|Bower's Shrike-thrush Colluricincla boweri||resident||1998-2008||common||-||A2, A3||Least Concern|
|Pied Monarch Arses kaupi||resident||1998-2008||uncommon||-||A2, A3||Least Concern|
|Victoria's Riflebird Ptiloris victoriae||resident||1998-2008||common||-||A2, A3||Least Concern|
|Pale-yellow Robin Tregellasia capito||resident||1998-2008||common||-||A2||Least Concern|
|2008||medium||not assessed||not assessed|
|Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data|
|Climate change and severe weather||habitat shifting and alteration||likely in long term (beyond 4 years)||some of area/population (10-49%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||medium|
|Invasive & other problematic species, genes & diseases||invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - unspecified species||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||no or imperceptible deterioration||low|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Paluma Range||National Park||69,490||protected area overlaps with site||49,590|
|Rollingstone||Forest Reserve||23||protected area contained by site||23|
|Wet Tropics of Queensland||World Heritage Site||894,420||protected area contains site||57,771|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Forest||Rainforest & vine thickets||100%|
Land ownership Queensland State Government - administered by Dept. of Forests and QPWS.
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||100%|
|Notes: Queensland Forests and QPWS|
Protection status The IBA overlaps with Paluma Range National Park and contains the small Rollingstone Forest Reserve.
Acknowledgements The nomination was prepared by Alastair Freeman.
References Barrett, G., Silcocks, A., Barry, S., Cunningham, R. and Poulter, R. (2003) 'The new atlas of Australian birds'. (Birds Australia: Melbourne).
Crome, F.H.J. and Moore, L.A. (1990) Cassowaries in north-eastern Queensland: report of a survey and a review and assessment of their status and conservation and management needs. Australian Wildlife Research 17: 369-385.
Hilbert, D.W., Bradford, M., Parker, T. and Westcott, D.A. (2004) 'Golden bowerbird (Prionodura newtoniana) habitat in past, present and future climate: predicted extinction of a vertebrate in tropical highlands due to global warming. Biological Conservation 16 :367-377.
Kutt, A.S., King, S., Latch P. and Garnett, S.T. (2003) Distribution of cassowary habitat in the Wet Tropics bioregion, Queensland. Technical report to Environmental Protection Agency, Brisbane.
Nix, N.A. and Switzer, M.A. (1991) 'Rainforest animals. Atlas of vertebrates endemic to Australia's Wet Tropics'. (Australian National Parks and Wildlife Service: Canberra).
Stanton,P. and Stanton, D. (2005) Vegetation mapping of the Wet tropics. (Wet Tropics Management Authority, Cairns. Australia.
Wet Tropics Management Authority. (1996) Wet tropics in profile. Reference guide to the Wet Tropics of Queensland World Heritage Area. (Wet Tropics Management Authority, Cairns).
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