|Location||Australia, New South Wales (and ACT)|
|Central coordinates||151o 31.20' East 33o 16.14' South|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4i|
|Altitude||0 - 10m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2009|
Summary This coastal shallow lake system has extensive sea-grass beds which attract large numbers of waterbirds, including more than 1% of the world population of Sharp-tailed Sandpipers and Chestnut Teal. The adjacent forests support the endangered Swift Parrot and Regent Honeyeater in the non-breeding season.
Site description Tuggerah Lakes is a coastal lagoon system comprising of three main lakes, Tuggerah, Budgewoi and Munmorah, and some smaller adjacent wetlands including Colongra Lake and Swamp. The IBA includes adjacent floodplain forests, which are suitable for Swift Parrots and Regent Honeyeaters, and extensive sea-grass beds within the lakes. Forest types around the lakes includes Coastal Sand Mahogany, Alluvial Robusta-Paperbark Sedge Swamp Forest, Coastal Sand Littoral Rainforest, Paperbark Swamp Forests, Alluvial Riparian Blackbutt Forest, Melaleuca swamps, Spotted Gum/Ironbark, Scribbly Gum and Bloodwood/Black Oak woodlands.
Key Biodiversity Occasional records of single Australasian Bitterns and 3-5 pairs of Black Bitterns (Vulnerable in NSW). Up to 20 pairs of breeding Little Egrets on Curly Island. Maximum counts of 3515 Black Swans, 1723 Curlew Sandpipers and 998 Red-necked Stints at 9 counting sites around the lake. A pair of Ospreys are close to their southern range limit in NSW.
Non-bird biodiversity: Most of the forests along the streams and foreshores are categorised as Endangered Ecological Communities under the NSW Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995. Melaleuca biconvexa, a threatened species, is relatively common.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Chestnut Teal Anas castanea||resident||1991-2005||176-2,573 individuals||good||A4i||Least Concern|
|Sharp-tailed Sandpiper Calidris acuminata||non-breeding||1989-2005||52-4,708 individuals||good||A4i||Least Concern|
|Swift Parrot Lathamus discolor||non-breeding||2002-2005||40-650 individuals||good||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Regent Honeyeater Xanthomyza phrygia||non-breeding||2002-2005||3-72 individuals||good||A1||Critically Endangered|
|2008||medium||not assessed||not assessed|
|Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data|
|Pollution||domestic & urban waste water - sewage||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Residential and commercial development||housing and urban areas||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||slow but significant deterioration||low|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Munmorah||State Conservation Area||1,519||protected area contained by site||1,519|
|Wyrrabalong||National Park||586||protected area overlaps with site||445|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - terrestrial||Improved grassland & pasture||minor|
|Coastline||Intertidal mud, sand & salt flats; Lagoons; Salt marshes; Sea cliffs, rocky shores & rocky islets||major|
|Forest||Casuarina forests & woodlands; Eucalypt open forests; Eucalypt woodlands; Melaleuca forests & woodlands||minor|
|Wetlands (inland)||Freshwater lakes & pools||minor|
Land ownership Wyong Shire Council Open Space and Foreshore Reserve, National Park Service, Tuggerah Reserve Trust, Delta Electricity and freehold residential properties.
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||major|
Protection status The IBA contains the Munmorah State Conservation Area and overlaps the Wyrrabalong National Park.
Acknowledgements The nomination was prepared by Alan Morris. Bird data supplied by Birding NSW Central Coast group. Protected Area data supplied by Glenn Gifford of NSW Parks. Wyong Council commissioned a report which includes bird conservation (Roberts & Dickinson 2005).
References Morris, A. (ed.) (1995-2004) Central Coast Annual Bird Reports. Central Coast of Birding NSW.
Morris, A. (2006) The conservation status of threatened bird species in Wyong Shire. Unpublished report.
Keating, J. and Jarman, M.R. (2004) Little Terns in New South Wales. A six year review; breeding seasons 1998/9 to 2003/4. Dept Environment and Conservation, NSW.
Roberts, D.E. and Dickinson, T.G. (2005) Tuggerah Lakes Estuary Management Study for Wyong Council & Dept. Infrastructure, Planning & Natural Resources. BIO-Analysis: Marine, Estuarine and Freshwater Ecology, Narara.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Tuggerah. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/11/2015
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