|Location||Australia, New South Wales (and ACT)|
|Central coordinates||151o 32.65' East 33o 7.63' South|
|Altitude||0 - 50m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2009|
Summary This IBA supports significant numbers of the endangered Swift Parrot and Regent Honeyeater in years when their favoured trees are flowering.
Site description Lake Macquarie is a large coastal lake north of Sydney. The Lake Macquarie IBA is defined as the southern edges of the lake, which support swamp mahogany, ironbark, forest red gum and spotted gum, which are key food species of Swift Parrot and Regent Honeyeater. This area covers the southern margins of the lake south of the town of Belmont, including Belmont Lagoon and Blacksmiths Reserves, from the lake to the sea; then between the lake shore and the Pacific Highway, south from the lake outlet at Swansea; then between the lake shore and the Sydney-Newcastle freeway to Dora Creek; then between the lake shore and Wangi Road north to Kilaben Bay. The area is primarily residential blocks with many large trees. Many coal mines extend under the IBA and there are two power stations.
Key Biodiversity Masked Owl; Ospreys nest regularly (this is the southernmost regular breeding site for this species in eastern Australia).
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Swift Parrot Lathamus discolor||non-breeding||1997-2007||50 individuals||medium||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Regent Honeyeater Xanthomyza phrygia||non-breeding||1997-2007||70 individuals||medium||A1||Critically Endangered|
|2008||low||not assessed||not assessed|
|Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data|
|Residential and commercial development||housing and urban areas||likely in long term (beyond 4 years)||small area/few individuals (<10%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||low|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Galgabba Point Reserve||Reserve||0||protected area contained by site||0|
|Lake Macquarie||State Conservation Area||676||protected area contained by site||676|
|Wallarah||National Park||174||protected area overlaps with site||36|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - terrestrial||Urban parks & gardens||major|
|Forest||Eucalypt open forests; Eucalypt tall open forests||major|
Land ownership New South Wales state parks; private freeholds; traditionally owned lands; council foreshore and other reserved lands.
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||20%|
Protection status Wallarah National Park
Galgabba Point Reserve
Lake Macquarie State Conservation Area
Acknowledgements Hunter Bird Observer Club and bird reports. Nomination prepared by Alan Morris with consultation with Alan Stuart.
References Hunter Bird Observers Club Annual Bird Reports (1997-2008).
New South Wales Annual Bird Reports (1997-2007).
Regent Honeyeater recovery team database (2007).
Swift Parrot recovery team database (2007).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Lake Macquarie. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/06/2016
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