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Location Australia, New South Wales (and ACT)
Central coordinates 150o 42.94' East  35o 5.79' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 15,756 ha
Altitude 0 - 100m
Year of IBA assessment 2009

BirdLife Australia

Summary The coastal heath supports the largest sub-population of the Endangered Eastern Bristlebird, isolated from all other sub-populations.

Site description The peninsular from Huskisson south to St Georges Basin includes Jervis Bay NP, Booderee NP and patches of public/private land at Vincentia, Hyams Beach, Jervis Bay and Wreck Bay. It consists of coastal heath and eucalypt woodlands in patchy mosaics around some developed areas. It contains a sub-population of Eastern Bristlebird, isolated from those in the Budderoo NP/Barren Grounds NR and Nadgee NP (see relevant IBAs). The northern and western boundaries are unclear as bristlebirds disperse out, but the viability of any range extensions is unknown. The area also contains significant numbers of Ground Parrots. Beecroft Peninsula is a release site of birds from this area in an attempt to repopulate the area after devastating fires as Currambeen Creek and the urban development is a barrier preventing natural re-population between the two areas.

Key Biodiversity The IBA also supports about 200 Ground Parrots, and up to 20 Sooty Oystercatchers on Bowen Island. 3000 Chestnut Teal were recorded at Lake Windermere in 2001 (Atlas of Australian Birds database). Over 200 bird species have been recorded.

Non-bird biodiversity: 26 native terrestrial mammal species have been recorded in Booderee National Park, though more are expected to occur there, and 13 marine mammal species. In addition to 17 species of terrestrial reptiles, two species of marine turtle and one sea snake species have been recorded. There are also 15 amphibian species.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Eastern Bristlebird Dasyornis brachypterus resident  1995  600 individuals  medium  A1, A2, A3  Endangered 

IBA Monitoring

2008 high not assessed not assessed
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Invasive & other problematic species, genes & diseases invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - named species happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - trend unknown/unrecorded happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Booderee National Park 875 protected area contained by site 6,312  
Jervis Bay Marine Park 21,500 protected area overlaps with site 270  
Jervis Bay National Park 4,888 protected area overlaps with site 1,726  
Woollamia Nature Reserve 452 protected area overlaps with site 381  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Eucalypt woodlands  20%
Shrubland Heath  75%
Coastline Estuarine waters  5%

Land ownership Booderee National Park is jointly managed by Wreck Bay Aboriginal Community and Environment Australia. Jervis Bay NP is managed by NSW NPWS. Beecroft Peninsula is managed by the Dept of Defence. The IBA also includes areas owned by the Wreck Bay Aboriginal community.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
military major
nature conservation and research major
urban/industrial/transport minor

Protection status Several - see separate section.

Acknowledgements The nomination was prepared by Chris Brandis for the Illawarra Bird Observers Club with consultation with Jack Baker, Dept. of Environment and Conservation, NSW, and with Les Mitchell and Ford Kristo of NSW NPWS. David Bain and John Harvey provided contact with the Wreck Bay Aboriginal community.

References Baker J. (1996) Strategy for Conservation and Management of the Ground Parrot & Eastern Bristlebird Populations at Nadgee Nature Reserve, NSW Jervis Bay.

Baker, J. (1997) The decline, response to fire, status and management of the Eastern Bristlebird. Pacific Cons. Biology 3: 235-243.

Baker, J. (1998) Eastern Bristlebird Recovery Plan 1997-2002. NSW NPWS, Sydney.

National Park and Beecroft Peninsula. Report to NSW NPWS and ANCA.

Booderee National Park Board of Management and Director of National Parks (2002) Booderee National Park management plan.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Jervis Bay. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016

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