Sites - Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBAs)
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Rock Islands, Palau
134o 24.00' East 7o 15.00' North
Year of IBA assessment
Palau Conservation Society
Site description The Rock Islands are a group of more than 500 high limestone islands scattered over a 621 km2 area of lagoon that stretches between Koror and Peleliu. The land area of the major islands in the group is approximately 35 km2. For the sole purpose of IBA delineation, the Rock Islands Complex includes the major island groupings of Ngeruktabel, Ulong, Mecherchar, Ngerukuid, and the larger islands around Nikko Bay — Ulebsechel, Ngermeuangel, and Ngeteklou. The IBA includes only terrestrial areas. The Rock Islands are Palau’s main tourism and recreation area and are managed by the Koror State Government (KSG 2005). Day to day operation of both the marine and terrestrial areas is managed by Koror State Conservation and Law Enforcement Division. The division employs 35 rangers and support staff who work around the clock.
Key Biodiversity The Rock Islands is one of only two IBAs where the Giant White-eye has been recorded. In the Rock Islands, the Giant White-eye was common only on the island of Ngeruktabel. The Palauan name Charmbedel ra Iouldaob suggests that the bird’s distribution may be limited in Palau - Iouldaob meaning the islands south of the main island of Babeldaob. Another occupant of the Rock Islands that does not trigger any IBA criteria is the Blue-faced Parrotfinch. This bird, rare in Palau, is found in the forests of the high limestone Rock Islands or often spotted in the Casuarina trees on sandy strands. The Blue-faced Parrotfinch is very rare on Babeldaob and is captured in only three out of the eight IBAs. Its small size and preference for the upper canopy makes it especially difficult to locate. Palau Ground-doves were seen at Ulong Island. Nicobar Pigeons were commonly seen at Ngerukuid Reserve. Micronesian Megapodes are present throughout the Rock Islands. Several seabirds, including the Audubon’s Shearwater, Bridled Tern, and Black-naped Tern are also present.
Non-bird biodiversity: Terrestrial habitats included in this IBA are exposed and protected strand vegetation, coastal scrub and limestone forests. These habitats support many of Palau’s endemic species of flora and fauna, including threatened species like the endemic rock island palm, and the Marianas fruit bat. The beaches on the islands provide Palau’s largest hawksbill turtle nesting sites and the surrounding waters are habitats for green sea turtles, dugongs, fish, invertebrates and coral reefs. The Rock Islands also includes the famous Jellyfish Lake, and many other marine lakes that support unique habitats and communities of organisms.