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Location Suriname, Sipaliwini
Central coordinates 56o 25.90' West  4o 1.17' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 1,600,000 ha
Altitude 9 - 1,230m
Year of IBA assessment 2008





Site description The Centraal Suriname Natuur Reservaat is one of the largest nature reserves in South America. It is 10% of the surface of Suriname. This nature reserve is also a World Heritage site. It is covered by largely pristine rainforest on terra firma. There is also swamp forest and liana forest. There are several insellbergs with a unique flora. The only tepui in Suriname, the Tafelberg, is situated in this nature reserve. There is a high biodiversity. Stinasu is using the reserve for ecotourism. It also has been important for scientific research.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Marail Guan Penelope marail resident  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Black Curassow Crax alector resident  unknown  A3  Vulnerable 
Harpy Eagle Harpia harpyja resident  unknown  A1  Near Threatened 
Crested Eagle Morphnus guianensis resident  unknown  A1  Near Threatened 
Black-headed Parrot Pionites melanocephalus resident  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Caica Parrot Pyrilia caica resident  unknown  A3  Near Threatened 
Velvet-browed Brilliant Heliodoxa xanthogonys resident  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Green Araçari Pteroglossus viridis resident  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Guianan Toucanet Selenidera piperivora resident  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Golden-collared Woodpecker Veniliornis cassini resident  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Galbula albirostris resident  unknown  A3  Not Recognised 
Guianan Puffbird Notharchus macrorhynchos resident  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Black Nunbird Monasa atra resident  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Saffron-crested Tyrant-manakin Neopelma chrysocephalum resident  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Tiny Tyrant-manakin Tyranneutes virescens resident  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
White-throated Manakin Corapipo gutturalis resident  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
White-fronted Manakin Lepidothrix serena resident  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky Purpletuft Iodopleura fusca resident  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Glossy-backed Becard Pachyramphus surinamus resident  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Guianan Cock-of-the-rock Rupicola rupicola resident  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Capuchinbird Perissocephalus tricolor resident  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Olive-green Tyrannulet Phylloscartes virescens resident  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Boat-billed Tody-tyrant Hemitriccus josephinae resident  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Pelzeln's Tody-tyrant Hemitriccus inornatus resident  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Painted Tody-flycatcher Todirostrum pictum resident  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-throated Flycatcher Conopias parvus resident  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Black-throated Antshrike Frederickena viridis resident  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Band-tailed Antshrike Sakesphorus melanothorax resident  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
White-streaked Antvireo Dysithamnus leucostictus resident  unknown  A2  Vulnerable 
Rufous-bellied Antwren Myrmotherula guttata resident  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-bellied Antwren Myrmotherula gutturalis resident  unknown  A3  Near Threatened 
Spot-tailed Antwren Herpsilochmus sticturus resident  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Todd's Antwren Herpsilochmus stictocephalus resident  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Black-headed Antbird Percnostola rufifrons resident  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-throated Antbird Gymnopithys rufigula resident  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
MacConnell's Spinetail Synallaxis macconnelli resident  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Red-billed Woodcreeper Hylexetastes perrotii resident  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Tepui Greenlet Hylophilus sclateri resident  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Cayenne Jay Cyanocorax cayanus resident  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Collared Gnatwren Microbates collaris resident  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-backed Tanager Cyanicterus cyanicterus resident  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Plumbeous Euphonia Euphonia plumbea resident  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Finsch's Euphonia Euphonia finschi resident  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Black-spotted Barbet Capito niger resident  unknown  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Central Suriname Nature Reserve 1,600,000 is identical to site 1,600,000  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Flooded tropical evergreen forest; River-edge (river island) forest; Second-growth or disturbed forest; Tropical lowland evergreen forest  97%
Rocky areas Rocky flats & barrens; Scree & boulders  1%
Savanna Cerrado; Savanna  2%

Land ownership Owned by the state.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research major
hunting minor
Notes: Local Marroons have the right to hunt for own use.
fisheries/aquaculture major
Notes: By local Marroons.
tourism/recreation major

Other biodiversity Because of its pristine features, meaning "least disturbed extant Neotropical forest", the Centraal Suriname Nature Reserve was declared as a World Heritage Biodiversity site by the IUCN and Unesco in 2000. Nothe worthy is also that the orchids occuring on the Voltzberg are endimic for that area.

Protection status This site is a Nature Reserve.

References Raleighvallen/Voltzberg nature reserve managementplan 1993-1997, Reichart H.,1993.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Centraal Suriname Nature Reserve (CSNR). Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 31/07/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife