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Location Suriname, Coronie
Central coordinates 56o 18.38' West  5o 51.96' North
IBA criteria A2, A4i, A4iii
Area 66,237 ha
Altitude
Year of IBA assessment 2008





Summary The North Coronie IBA has been established as a Multiple-use Management area (MUMA) in 2001 and has a size of approximately 27,000 ha of land and approximately an equal size of marine waters. The northern part is directly influenced by tide and the area is connected with the sea by a number of small creeks. Young Black mangrove forest (Avicennia germinans) occurs along the coast and also on the adjacent mudflats with by erosion uprooted mangrove trees at the older (eastern) parts of the mudflats.. Along rivers black and mixed red and black mangrove forests occur. South of the coastal mangrove forest there are short and tall grass swamps and scrub swamps with Machaerium lunatum Behind the mangrove forest there are some brackish short grass marshes and brackish open water lagoons. The water may vary from brackish to salt and water depth may reach to more than one meter in the rainy season. Many marshes and lagoons dry up in the dry season. In the slightly brackish part of the area Erythrina glauca and Pterocarpus officinalis wood swamps are occurring as well as Chrysobalanus icaco/Annona glabra swamp wood. South of the East-West Connecting road which runs through the area, there are permanent fresh water swamps of which a greater part is covered with predominantly Mauritia flexuosa. In some parts of the fresh water swamps some rice polders have been developed. The area is known for its high biological production, breeding and feeding grounds for large numbers of local and migratory bird species and nursery ground for fish and shrimp. It has a rich population of fish, shrimp, wildlife and crabs. Plenty people of the local population have their living in fisheries and hunting in the area. The area is also known for its beekeeping activities. The western part of the coastline is subject to severe erosion and a twelve kilometer long dike is now under construction to halt this erosion.

Site description Noord Coronie IBA is a Multiple use management Area which means that it has more functions than only nature protection. There is fishery on the mudflats, and there is legal and illegal hunting in the swamps. As with al wetlands the Noord Coronie IBA is important for mankind because of its biological functions such as, nursery for seafish, waterfiltering and protection from rising seawaterlevel. Along with the other wetlands, Bigi Pan, Noord Commewijne/ Marowijne and Noord Sarramacca these sites are Multiple Use Management Areas wich are managed by the Surinamese goverment. These sites are very vunerable, because of the high productivity which can lead to overexploitation.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Rufous Crab-hawk Buteogallus aequinoctialis resident  unknown  A2  Near Threatened 
Semipalmated Plover Charadrius semipalmatus non-breeding  2000-2004  1,200 individuals  unknown  A4i  Least Concern 
Short-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus griseus passage  2000-2004  1,200 individuals  unknown  A4i  Least Concern 
Semipalmated Sandpiper Calidris pusilla non-breeding  2000-2004  9,000-78,000 individuals  poor  A4i  Near Threatened 
Arrowhead Piculet Picumnus minutissimus resident  unknown  A2  Near Threatened 
Blood-colored Woodpecker Veniliornis sanguineus resident  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds non-breeding  2000-2004  50,000-99,999 individuals  poor  A4iii   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Noord Coronie Multiple Use Management Area 59,353 is identical to site 0  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Bogs; Coastal lagoons; Ephemeral pools and wetlands; Intertidal mud, sand or salt flats; Salt pans/salinas; Salt/brackish marshes  65%
Forest Mangrove  35%
Coastline Estuarine waters; Intertidal mud, sand & salt flats; Lagoons; Salt & brackish marshes  minor

Land ownership owned by the state.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research major
hunting minor
urban/industrial/transport minor
tourism/recreation minor

Other biodiversity Lots of Fish, crabs and shrimp.

Protection status This site is a Multiple Use Management Area.

References "Coastal Management Plan for the North Coronie Area in Suriname" by P.A. Teunissen (2000)

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Northern Coronie. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/08/2014

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