|Central coordinates||56o 18.38' West 5o 51.96' North|
|IBA criteria||A2, A4i, A4iii|
|Year of IBA assessment||2008|
Summary The North Coronie IBA has been established as a Multiple-use Management area (MUMA) in 2001 and has a size of approximately 27,000 ha of land and approximately an equal size of marine waters. The northern part is directly influenced by tide and the area is connected with the sea by a number of small creeks. Young Black mangrove forest (Avicennia germinans) occurs along the coast and also on the adjacent mudflats with by erosion uprooted mangrove trees at the older (eastern) parts of the mudflats.. Along rivers black and mixed red and black mangrove forests occur. South of the coastal mangrove forest there are short and tall grass swamps and scrub swamps with Machaerium lunatum Behind the mangrove forest there are some brackish short grass marshes and brackish open water lagoons. The water may vary from brackish to salt and water depth may reach to more than one meter in the rainy season. Many marshes and lagoons dry up in the dry season. In the slightly brackish part of the area Erythrina glauca and Pterocarpus officinalis wood swamps are occurring as well as Chrysobalanus icaco/Annona glabra swamp wood. South of the East-West Connecting road which runs through the area, there are permanent fresh water swamps of which a greater part is covered with predominantly Mauritia flexuosa. In some parts of the fresh water swamps some rice polders have been developed. The area is known for its high biological production, breeding and feeding grounds for large numbers of local and migratory bird species and nursery ground for fish and shrimp. It has a rich population of fish, shrimp, wildlife and crabs. Plenty people of the local population have their living in fisheries and hunting in the area. The area is also known for its beekeeping activities. The western part of the coastline is subject to severe erosion and a twelve kilometer long dike is now under construction to halt this erosion.
Ornithological information The Noord Coronie IBA is part of an EBA because of the common occurence of three range restricted species, Guyanian Piculet, Blood-colored Woodpecker and Rufous Crabhawk. The mudflats and the swamps are important for the numurous North-American shorebirds.The 1% treshold is met for Semi-palmated Sandpiper, Semi-palmated plover, Short-billed Dowitcher. Hence it is an IBA on A2, A4i and A4iii criteria.
Site description Noord Coronie IBA is a Multiple use management Area which means that it has more functions than only nature protection. There is fishery on the mudflats, and there is legal and illegal hunting in the swamps. As with al wetlands the Noord Coronie IBA is important for mankind because of its biological functions such as, nursery for seafish, waterfiltering and protection from rising seawaterlevel. Along with the other wetlands, Bigi Pan, Noord Commewijne/ Marowijne and Noord Sarramacca these sites are Multiple Use Management Areas wich are managed by the Surinamese goverment. These sites are very vunerable, because of the high productivity which can lead to overexploitation.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Rufous Crab-hawk Buteogallus aequinoctialis||resident||-||-||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Semipalmated Plover Charadrius semipalmatus||non-breeding||2000-2004||1,200 individuals||unknown||A4i||Least Concern|
|Short-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus griseus||passage||2000-2004||1,200 individuals||unknown||A4i||Least Concern|
|Semipalmated Sandpiper Calidris pusilla||non-breeding||2000-2004||9,000-78,000 individuals||poor||A4i||Near Threatened|
|Guianan Piculet Picumnus minutissimus||resident||-||-||-||A2||Near Threatened|
|Blood-coloured Woodpecker Veniliornis sanguineus||resident||-||-||-||A2||Least Concern|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||non-breeding||2000-2004||-||poor||A4iii|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Noord Coronie||Multiple Use Management Area||59,353||is identical to site||0|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Wetlands (inland)||Bogs; Coastal lagoons; Ephemeral pools and wetlands; Intertidal mud, sand or salt flats; Salt pans/salinas; Salt/brackish marshes||65%|
|Coastline||Estuarine waters; Intertidal mud, sand & salt flats; Lagoons; Salt & brackish marshes||minor|
Land ownership owned by the state.
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||major|
Other biodiversity Lots of Fish, crabs and shrimp.
Management considerations Poaching. Because of agriculture mangroves that before were protecting the coast, have died hence the sea is pushing the coastline inward.
Protection status This site is a Multiple Use Management Area.
Conservation response Research on flora and vegetation (Julen, C. 1974, Teunissen, P. 1974, 1980, 2000), birds (Spaans, A. 1973,1974, 1975, 1978,1990), fish (Engel 1981, Charlier 1988).
References "Coastal Management Plan for the North Coronie Area in Suriname" by P.A. Teunissen (2000)
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Northern Coronie. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/05/2013
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