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Location France, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Central coordinates 7o 4.00' East  44o 10.00' North
IBA criteria B2, B3, C2, C6
Area 68,500 ha
Altitude 490 - 3,143m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

Ligue Pour La Protection des Oiseaux



Site description The site consists of cliffs, rocky slopes and scree, deciduous and conifer forests, alpine meadows, moorlands and garrigue.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Grouse Lyrurus tetrix breeding  1991  100-500 breeding pairs  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Rock Ptarmigan Lagopus muta breeding  1991  100-500 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Rock Partridge Alectoris graeca breeding  1991  100-500 breeding pairs  B2, C6  Near Threatened 
Falco peregrinus breeding  1991  1-10 breeding pairs  B2  Not Recognised 
European Honey-buzzard Pernis apivorus breeding  1991  10-100 breeding pairs  B3, C6  Least Concern 
Bearded Vulture Gypaetus barbatus breeding  1996  1 breeding pairs  B2  Near Threatened 
Short-toed Snake-eagle Circaetus gallicus breeding  1991  10-100 breeding pairs  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos breeding  1991  25 breeding pairs  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Eurasian Pygmy-owl Glaucidium passerinum breeding  1991  10-100 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Boreal Owl Aegolius funereus breeding  1991  10-100 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Black Woodpecker Dryocopus martius breeding  1991  10-100 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Red-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax breeding  1991  100-500 breeding pairs  B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
ENTRAUNES - FR9301549 Habitats Directive 19,796 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
LA TOUR DES SAGNES - VALLON DES TERRES PLEINES - ORRENAYE - FR9301526 Habitats Directive 5,072 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
LE MERCANTOUR - FR9301559 Habitats Directive 68,073 protected area overlaps with site 67,979  
Le Mercantour - FR9310035 Birds Directive 68,073 protected area overlaps with site 67,980  
MASSIF DU LAUVET D'ILONSE ET DES QUATRE CANTONS - DOME DE BARROT - GORGES DU CIAN - FR9301556 Habitats Directive 14,839 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Mercantour National Park - Core Area 68,500 protected area contained by site 68,500  
SITES A CHAUVES SOURIS DE LA HAUTE TINEE - FR9301550 Habitats Directive 1,738 protected area is adjacent to site 0  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Native coniferous woodland  20%
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis  8%
Grassland Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland  26%
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater  -
Rocky areas Inland cliffs; Scree & boulders  44%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
fisheries/aquaculture -
forestry -
tourism/recreation -
urban/industrial/transport -

Protection status National High International High68,500 ha of IBA covered by National Park (Parc national du Mercantour, 68,500 ha). 68,500 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Le Mercantour, 68,500 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Parc National du Mercantour. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/07/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife