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Location Kazakhstan, Atyrau region
Central coordinates 54o 41.00' East  48o 17.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 11,280 ha
Altitude 40 - 44m
Year of IBA assessment 2006

Association for the Conservation of Biodiversity of Kazakhstan (Affiliate)

Site description The IBA is a slightly undulating desert/semidesert plain, with “white” wormwood, in some places mixed with Graminea including Stipa sp, on the right bank of the Saghz river, 9-29 km to the west-north-west of Saghyz railway station. The average width of the area is 5 km. The soils are hard, sandy and salty, with patches of almost white clay. Along the river, which is 25-30 m wide, there are Tamarix thickets, in some places at least 100-150 m wide. There are precipitous banks suitable for the breeding of sand martins and other hole-nesters. 'Real' tree vegetation is absent.

Key Biodiversity In June 2006, 62 species were observed in the area during 4 days and about 70 species are estimated to breed. Five species are included in the Red Data Book of Kazakhstan – Steppe Eagle, Demoiselle Crane, Little Bustard, Pallas’s Sandgrouse and Black-bellied Sandgrouse.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni breeding  2006  10 breeding pairs  good  A1  Least Concern 
Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus breeding  2006  2-3 breeding pairs  good  A3  Near Threatened 
Steppe Eagle Aquila nipalensis breeding  2006  5-7 breeding pairs  good  A3  Endangered 
Little Bustard Tetrax tetrax breeding  2006  5 breeding pairs  good  A3  Near Threatened 
Demoiselle Crane Anthropoides virgo breeding  2006  5 breeding pairs  good  A3  Least Concern 
Caspian Plover Charadrius asiaticus breeding  2006  < 50 individuals  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Black-winged Pratincole Glareola nordmanni breeding  2006  100 breeding pairs  good  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Pallas's Sandgrouse Syrrhaptes paradoxus breeding  2006  5-10 breeding pairs  good  A3  Least Concern 
Black Lark Melanocorypha yeltoniensis breeding  2006  500 individuals  good  A3  Least Concern 
Red-headed Bunting Emberiza bruniceps breeding  2006  40-50 breeding pairs  good  A3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2006 medium unfavourable not assessed
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Agriculture and aquaculture livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Artificial - terrestrial   0 0 good (> 90%) poor (40-69%) unfavourable
Desert   0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable
Shrubland   0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable
Wetlands (inland)   0 0 good (> 90%) moderate (70-90%) near favourable


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland Scrub  10%
Desert Desert & semi-desert - clay  85%
Wetlands (inland) Rivers & streams  5%
Artificial - terrestrial Other urban & industrial areas  minor

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
rangeland/pastureland 50%

References Varshavskiy, S.N., Varshavskiy, B.S and Garbusov, V.K. (1977). Some rare and vanishing birds of Northern Trans-Aral Territory. Rare and vanishing animals and birds of Kazakhstan. Alma-Ata: 146-152. (in Russian). Kovshar, A.F., Davygora, A.V. and Karpov, F.F. (2006). Ornithological observations in Ural-Emba interfluves (Temir, Sagiz, Uyl, Bolshaya Khobda) in June 2006. Selevinia-2006: 63-81. (in Russian).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Sagyz. Downloaded from on 26/10/2016

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