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Location Australia, Northern Territory
Central coordinates 135o 39.97' East  12o 17.44' South
IBA criteria A4i
Area 32,642 ha
Altitude 0 - 10m
Year of IBA assessment 2008

BirdLife Australia



Summary The intertidal mudflats of Buckingham Bay support significant numbers of Eastern Curlew, and >20,000 mixed waterbirds. The coastal floodplains also support large numbers of waterbirds including more than 1% of the world's nesting Pied Herons.

Site description The IBA consists of the entire coastline of Buckingham Bay (which supports significant numbers of waders; Chatto 2003) and the seasonally inundated floodplain located immediately behind the bay (which supports significant numbers of waterbirds; Chatto 2006). The coastal habitat captured by the IBA consists of mud and salt flats with pockets of mangrove around Buckingham River (Harrison et al. 2009).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Pied Heron Egretta picata resident  1990-1999  2,000 individuals  poor  A4i  Least Concern 
Far Eastern Curlew Numenius madagascariensis non-breeding  1990-2002  700 individuals  poor  A4i  Vulnerable 

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Coastline Intertidal mud, sand & salt flats; Mangrove wetlands  major
Wetlands (inland) Riverine floodplains  major

Land ownership xxx

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
other major
Notes: Traditional use

Other biodiversity Buckingham Bay and associated coastal floodplains support seven plant species which are endemic to the Northern Territory (Harrison et al. 2009).

Access/Land-Owner requests This IBA is on Traditionally Owned land.

References Chatto, R. (2000) Waterbird breeding colonies in the Top End of the Northern Territory. Technical Report 69, Parks and Wildlife Commission of the Northern Territory, Palmerston.

Chatto, R. (2003) The distribution and status of shorebirds around the coast and coastal wetlands of the Northern Territory. Technical Report 73, Parks and Wildlife Commission of the Northern Territory, Palmerston.

Chatto, R. (2006) The distribution and status of waterbirds around the coast and coastal wetlands of the Northern Territory. Technical Report 76, Parks and Wildlife Commission of the Northern Territory, Palmerston.

Garnett, S. (1983) Report on the fifth aerial survey of migratory wading birds between Weipa and Millingimbi. The Stilt 4: 15-17.

Garnett, S. (1987) Aerial surveys of waders (Aves: Charadriiformes) along the coast of north-eastern Australia. Australian Wildlife Research 14: 521-528.

Harrison, L., McGuire, L., Ward, S. Fisher, A., Pavey, C., Fegan, M. and Lynch, B. (2009) An inventory of sites of international and national significance for biodiversity values in the Northern Territory. Department of Natural Resources, Environment, the Arts & Sport, Darwin, NT.

Ward, S. and Harrison, L. (2009) Recognising sites of conservation significance for biodiversity values in the Northern Territory. Department of Natural Resources, Environment, the Arts & Sport, Darwin, NT.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Buckingham Bay. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 15/09/2014

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