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Location France, Languedoc-Roussillon
Central coordinates 2o 21.00' East  42o 30.00' North
IBA criteria B1iv, B2, B3, C6
Area 53,550 ha
Altitude 300 - 2,784m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

Ligue Pour La Protection des Oiseaux



Site description An area of mountains, with wooded valleys, scree, rocky slopes, cliffs, moorlands, alpine meadows and permanent lying snow.

Key Biodiversity An important site for breeding and passage raptors. The site is a major migratory bottleneck, where more than 20,000 raptors pass on a regular basis (including Pernis apivorus 14,000; Milvus migrans 4,500).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Western Capercaillie Tetrao urogallus breeding  1991  50-250 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Rock Ptarmigan Lagopus muta breeding  1991  100-500 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Grey Partridge Perdix perdix breeding  1991  100-500 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Falco peregrinus breeding  1991  7 breeding pairs  C6  Not Recognised 
Bearded Vulture Gypaetus barbatus breeding  1996  1 breeding pairs  B2  Near Threatened 
Short-toed Snake-eagle Circaetus gallicus breeding  1991  5-10 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Boreal Owl Aegolius funereus breeding  1991  15-100 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
European Nightjar Caprimulgus europaeus breeding  1991  250-400 breeding pairs  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Black Woodpecker Dryocopus martius breeding  1991  10-100 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Red-backed Shrike Lanius collurio breeding  1991  250-400 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Red-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax breeding  1991  80-100 breeding pairs  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Ring Ouzel Turdus torquatus breeding  1991  250-750 breeding pairs  B3  Least Concern 
Rufous-tailed Rock-thrush Monticola saxatilis breeding  1991  10-100 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
A4iv Species group - soaring birds/cranes passage  1991  6,800-18,500 individuals  B1iv   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
CANIGOU-CONQUES DE LA PRESTE - FR9110076 Birds Directive 20,224 protected area overlaps with site 17,071  
CONQUE DE LA PRESTE - FR9101476 Habitats Directive 8,436 protected area overlaps with site 5,359  
FR230 Biological Reserve 5,200 protected area contained by site 5,200  
Hauts de Caramca Hunting Reserve 3,200 protected area contained by site 3,200  
LE TECH - FR9101478 Habitats Directive 1,460 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Mantet National Nature Reserve 3,028 protected area contained by site 3,028  
MASSIF DU CANIGOU - FR9101475 Habitats Directive 11,746 protected area contained by site 11,746  
MASSIF DU PUIGMAL - FR9101472 Habitats Directive 8,805 protected area overlaps with site 6,859  
Prats-de-Mollo National Nature Reserve 2,186 protected area contained by site 2,185  
PUIGMAL-CARANCA - FR9112029 Birds Directive 10,284 protected area overlaps with site 8,297  
Py Hunting Reserve 1,420 protected area contained by site 1,420  
Py National Nature Reserve 3,930 protected area contained by site 3,930  
SITES A CHIROPTERES DES PYRENEES ORIENTALES - FR9102010 Habitats Directive 2,330 protected area overlaps with site 1,447  
St Martin Hunting Reserve 30 protected area contained by site 30  
Vallée d'Eyne National Nature Reserve 1,177 protected area contained by site 1,177  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Mixed woodland; Native coniferous woodland  -
Grassland Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland; Dry siliceous grassland  -
Wetlands (inland) Fens, transition mires and springs; Raised bogs; Standing freshwater  -
Rocky areas Inland cliffs; Scree & boulders  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
fisheries/aquaculture -
forestry -
hunting -
tourism/recreation -
urban/industrial/transport -
water management -

Protection status National Partial International Partial3,028 ha of IBA covered by Nature Reserve (Mantet, 3,028 ha). 1,177 ha of IBA covered by Nature Reserve (Vallée d'Eyne, 1,177 ha). 2,185 ha of IBA covered by Nature Reserve (Prats de Mollo La Preste, 2,185 ha). 3,930 ha of IBA covered by Nature Reserve (Py, 3,930 ha). 5,200 ha of IBA covered by Biological State Reserve (5,200 ha). 4,650 ha of IBA covered by 3 Hunting Reserves (St Martin; Py; Hauts de Carança; total area 4,650 ha). 9,350 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Py, Mantet et Prats de Mollo, 9,350 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Massif du Canigou-Carança. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/11/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife