email a friend
printable version
Location France, Ile de France
Central coordinates 2o 38.00' East  48o 22.00' North
IBA criteria B2, B3, C2, C6
Area 36,600 ha
Altitude 40 - 145m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

Ligue Pour La Protection des Oiseaux

Site description An area of mixed woodland, lakes, marshes, aquatic vegetation, meadows, heathland and residential areas.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black-crowned Night-heron Nycticorax nycticorax breeding  1991  5-15 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
European Honey-buzzard Pernis apivorus breeding  1991  30-40 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
European Nightjar Caprimulgus europaeus breeding  1991  100-200 breeding pairs  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Picus canus breeding  1991  50-250 breeding pairs  B2, C6  Not Recognised 
Black Woodpecker Dryocopus martius breeding  1991  50 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Middle Spotted Woodpecker Leiopicus medius breeding  1991  50-250 breeding pairs  B3, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Red-backed Shrike Lanius collurio breeding  1991  10 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Dartford Warbler Sylvia undata breeding  1991  100 breeding pairs  C6  Near Threatened 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
FR048 Private Reserve 100 protected area contained by site 100  
Pays de Fontainebleau UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 67,370 protected area overlaps with site 0  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Mixed woodland  -
Shrubland Heathland  -
Grassland Dry siliceous grassland; Humid grasslands; Mesophile grasslands; Steppes and dry calcareous grassland  -
Wetlands (inland) Fens, transition mires and springs; Rivers and streams; Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation  -
Caves and subterranean habitats (non-aquatic) Caves  -
Artificial - terrestrial Perennial crops, orchards and groves; Ruderal land; Urban parks and gardens  -
Rocky areas Inland cliffs; Scree & boulders  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
forestry -
hunting -
tourism/recreation -
urban/industrial/transport -

Protection status National Low International Partial100 ha of IBA covered by Private Reserve (100 ha). Part of IBA covered by Biosphere Reserve (Forêt de Fontainebleau).

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Massifs de Fontainebleau et zones humides adjacentes. Downloaded from on 27/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife