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Location Lithuania, Klaipeda
Central coordinates 21o 6.00' East  55o 30.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, B1i, B1iv, B2, C1, C5, C6
Area 9,787 ha
Altitude 5 - 53m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Lietuvos Ornitologu Draugija (Affiliate)

Site description A narrow sand-spit covered with Pinus woodland, located between the Kuronian lagoon and the Baltic Sea. Most of the area is used for recreation, and some for forestry. There are few villages.

Key Biodiversity Storks, birds of prey and passerines migrate through the area in large numbers, although no exact counts have been made.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo breeding  1999  1,800 breeding pairs  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
White-tailed Sea-eagle Haliaeetus albicilla winter  1999  20-30 individuals  good  A1  Least Concern 
Black Kite Milvus migrans breeding  1999  3 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
White-tailed Sea-eagle Haliaeetus albicilla breeding  1999  3-5 breeding pairs  C1  Least Concern 
Wood Lark Lullula arborea breeding  1999  300 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Tawny Pipit Anthus campestris breeding  1999  100 breeding pairs  unknown  B2  Least Concern 
Tawny Pipit Anthus campestris breeding  1999  79 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
A4iv Species group - soaring birds/cranes passage  1999  min 3,000 individuals  poor  B1iv, C5   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Kursiu Nerija National Park 26,394 protected area contains site 9,787  
Lithuanian part of the Curonian Spit Baltic Sea Protected Area (Helcom) 27,143 protected area overlaps with site 9,636  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Mixed woodland; Native coniferous woodland  61%
Shrubland Heathland  20%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Other urban and industrial areas  3%
Coastline Lagoons; Sand dunes & beaches  16%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry minor
nature conservation and research major
tourism/recreation major

Protection status National High International None26,394 ha of IBA covered by National Park (Kuršiø Nerija, 26,394 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Lithuanian part of the Curonian Spit. Downloaded from on 24/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife