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Location Uzbekistan, Samarkand
Central coordinates 66o 15.35' East  39o 46.87' North
IBA criteria A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Area 14,249 ha
Altitude 503 - 543m
Year of IBA assessment 2008

Uzbekistan Society for the Protection of Birds (Affiliate)



Site description The Katta-Kurgan water reservoir is situated to the south of Kattakurgan in a natural depression. Tree and shrub plantations (pistachio, oleaster, acacia, maple and others) cover 2,600 ha along the southern, south-eastern and western banks. The reservoir gets its water from the Kara-darya river, which is a right branch of the Zaravshan river. The reservoir fills in autumn, winter and spring. Water is used for irrigation from May to June. The reservoir freezes for a short time in winter. Emergent vegetation is not developed because of water level fluctuations. The phytoplankton of the reservoir is poor in species composition and numbers.

Key Biodiversity 115 species have been recorded, 61 of them breeding. Falconiformes - 13 species, waterbirds – 52 species, of which 14 are Anseriformes, 18 shorebirds, 6 Ciconiiformes, 5 Laridae, 3 Rallidae and 2 each of Podicipediformes, Pelecaniformes and Gruidae. The Kattkurgan district is situated in the low mountains, so larks are typical species. Melanocorypha calandra and Melanocorypha bimaculata are widespread. Calandrella cinerea and Alauda gulgula are common in wormwood areas. Before development Pterocles alchata, Pterocles orientalis and Chlamydotis undulata bred. Buteo rufinus, Falco tinnunculus, Galerida cristata, Oenanthe hispanica are common. Emberiza bruniceps, Lanius isabellinus, Streptopelia turtur, Hippolais rama, Cercotrichas galactotes and Pica pica are typical of the tamarisk-haloxylon thickets. Motacilla feldegg, Hippolais rama, Coturnix coturnix and Circus aeruginosus occur in wet areas with meadow vegetation near the reservoir. The reservoir is a site for congregatory waterbirds. The most numerous are: Anas platyrhynchos, Aythya ferina, Anas crecca, Anas strepera, Anas clypeata, Fulica atra, Mergellus albellus, Bucephala clangula and Anser anser. Himantopus himantopus and Charadrius dubius are common nesting species, Recurvirostra avosetta, Haematopus ostralegus, Vanellus vanellus and Philomachus pugnax are rare. Larus ridibundus, Larus cachinnans, Sterna hirundo, Sterna nilotica and Sterna albifrons are numerous. Ciconiiformes include Ardea cinerea, Egretta alba, Botaunus stellaris and Ixobrychus minutus. Phalacrocorax carbo and Phalacrocorax pygmaeus previously bred. There are 10 species of birds included in the National Red Book. Four species breed (Phalacrocorax pygmaeus, Phasianus colchicus, Chlamydotis undulata, Pterocles alchata). This site plays an important role in the protection of Chlamydotis undulata and Pterocles alchata. Many species of birds stop to rest and feed during spring and autumn migration.

Non-bird biodiversity: There are 13 species of fish in the reservoir. Barbus capito conocephalus, Capaetobrama kuschakewitschi and Sabanejewia aurata are included in the National Red Book. Reptiles around the reservoir total 11 species including Varanus griseus and Testudo horsfieldi. Mammals - 26 species have been recorded.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Greylag Goose Anser anser winter  2008  5,000 individuals  medium  A4i  Least Concern 
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea winter  2008  1,450 individuals  good  A4i  Least Concern 
Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula passage  2007  330-400 individuals  medium  A4i  Least Concern 
Smew Mergellus albellus passage  2007  750-1,300 individuals  medium  A4i  Least Concern 
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus winter  2008  450 individuals  medium  A4i  Least Concern 
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo passage  2007  1,100-2,200 individuals  medium  A4i  Least Concern 
Chlamydotis undulata breeding  2000-2005  1-40 individuals  good  A1, A3  Not Recognised 
Siberian Crane Leucogeranus leucogeranus passage  2007  1 individuals  medium  A1  Critically Endangered 
Demoiselle Crane Anthropoides virgo passage  2007  4,800-7,000 individuals  medium  A4i  Least Concern 
Egyptian Nightjar Caprimulgus aegyptius breeding  2000-2005  1-2 individuals  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Great Tit Parus major breeding  2000-2006  1-4 individuals  good  A3  Least Concern 
Desert Lark Ammomanes deserti breeding  2000-2005  5-30 individuals  good  A3  Least Concern 
Sykes's Warbler Hippolais rama breeding  2000-2005  1-5 individuals  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Desert Warbler Sylvia nana breeding  2000-2006  1-4 individuals  good  A3  Least Concern 
Desert Finch Rhodopechys obsoletus resident  1980-2006  1-4 individuals  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Red-headed Bunting Emberiza bruniceps breeding  1990-2006  1-4 individuals  medium  A3  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds passage  2007  17,909-24,220 individuals  good  A4iii   

IBA Monitoring

2008 high not assessed not assessed
unset
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Agricultural expansion and intensification wood and pulp plantations (includes afforestation) - agro-industry plantations happening now some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) moderate to rapid deterioration low
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - abstraction of surface water (agricultural use) happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - unintentional effects: large scale happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland Scrub  9%
Desert   18%
Wetlands (inland) Rivers & streams; Standing fresh water; Water-fringe vegetation  46%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Forestry plantations  27%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 5%
fisheries/aquaculture 46%
forestry 27%
water management 46%
tourism/recreation 10%
nature conservation and research 10%

Protection status There are no protected areas.

References Report 2007. Research of Kattakurgan water reservoir, Fundukchiev S.E., Belyalova L.E./ Important Bird Areas of Uzbekistan Project.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Kattakurgan Reservoir. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/12/2014

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