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Location Russia (European), Krasnodarski kray
Central coordinates 37o 46.80' East  45o 34.65' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i
Area 179,500 ha
Altitude
Year of IBA assessment 2008





Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Mute Swan Cygnus olor passage  2007  600-800 individuals  medium  B1i  Least Concern 
Mute Swan Cygnus olor breeding  1996-2006  150-200 breeding pairs  medium  B1i  Least Concern 
Great Snipe Gallinago media passage  2007  50-100 individuals  medium  A1  Near Threatened 
Pallas's Gull Larus ichthyaetus passage  2007  650-800 individuals  medium  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia passage  2006  750-1,200 individuals  medium  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Sandwich Tern Thalasseus sandvicensis passage  2006  1,500-1,750 individuals  medium  B1i  Least Concern 
Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida breeding  1999-2006  300-350 breeding pairs  medium  B1i  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds passage  2007  28,500-35,200 individuals  medium  A4iii   

IBA Monitoring

2007 high unfavourable negligible
  Habitat
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Energy production and mining oil and gas drilling happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - abstraction of surface water (agricultural use) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - type unknown/unrecorded happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Residential and commercial development commercial and industrial development happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Wetlands (inland)   0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable

Little/none of site covered (<10%)  No management planning has taken place  Very little or no conservation action taking place  negligible 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Kuban Delta: Group of limans between rivers Kuban and Protoka Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 88,400 protected area contained by site 88,400  
Priazovskiy Zakaznik 45,000 protected area contained by site 45,000  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Alluvial and very wet forest; Treeline ecotone  2%
Shrubland   2%
Grassland   5%
Wetlands (inland) Fens, transition mires and springs; Mud flats and sand flats; Rivers and streams; Shingle or stony beaches; Standing brackish and salt water; Standing freshwater  43%
Sea Sea inlets and coastal features  30%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Other urban and industrial areas  25%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 30%
fisheries/aquaculture 60%
hunting 80%
military 60%
tourism/recreation 40%
urban/industrial/transport 10%
energy production and mining 5%

Acknowledgements The identification of IBAs and information collected between 1980 and 2009 provided by the IBA network of the Russian Bird Conservation Union (RBCU).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Delta of the Kuban' river. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/12/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife