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Location Uzbekistan, Surkhandarya
Central coordinates 67o 5.44' East  37o 58.99' North
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 22,576 ha
Altitude 580 - 1,251m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

Uzbekistan Society for the Protection of Birds (Affiliate)



Site description The IBA is situated in the southern part of Uzbekistan in the valley of the Sherobad river and includes the adjacent mountains, 25 km to the north of Sherobad. The mountains are south-western branches of the Baysuntau ridge. The valley is narrow with adjoining foothills lacking forest-shrub vegetation. The IBA includes the river Sherobad and its valley: the primary and secondary terraces up to 3 km wide and the left part of the river basin. The arid treeless foothills become more steep to the north with many cliffs. The dominant vegetation is ephemeroid-wormwood associations, sometimes with Ferula sp, and in the more hilly areas a tangle of bushes of wild acanthous almond. Breaking the landscape in some places are large mountain cones such as Kyzylkiya and the Ausyke hole. The rivers in the IBA are the Sherobad and the small Kamyshlau and Uzunkuduk, with high clayey cliffs and stony banks. There are also many dry rivers which fill with water only in spring. The bottomlands of the river Sherobad have short Tamarix sp. scrub and Populus sp. and sometimes short reed. There are agriculture strips up to 3 km width on the primary river terrace. Farm roads follow the bottom of the mountain rivers as a rule. The settlements of Gulistan, Chilanzar and Munchk are situated along the river Sherobad. Nearby there is farmland with small fields. Other parts of the IBA are used as seasonal pastures. From April to October cattle move inside the IBA to summer pastures on the Baysuntau ridge.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
See-see Partridge Ammoperdix griseogularis resident  2007  53 individuals  good  A3  Least Concern 
Saker Falcon Falco cherrug breeding  2007  1 individuals  medium  A1  Endangered 
Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus resident  1975-2007  2-5 individuals  medium  A1  Near Threatened 
European Roller Coracias garrulus breeding  2007  60 individuals  poor  A1  Near Threatened 
Upcher's Warbler Hippolais languida breeding  2007  16 individuals  good  A3  Least Concern 
Plain Leaf-warbler Phylloscopus neglectus breeding  2007  2 individuals  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Eastern Rock-nuthatch Sitta tephronota resident  2007  19 individuals  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Finsch's Wheatear Oenanthe finschii breeding  2007  36 individuals  good  A3  Least Concern 
Variable Wheatear Oenanthe picata breeding  2007  1 individuals  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-necked Bunting Emberiza buchanani breeding  2007  4 individuals  unknown  A3  Least Concern 

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland Low bushes  13%
Grassland Steppes & dry calcareous  25%
Desert   38%
Wetlands (inland) Rivers & streams; Water-fringe vegetation  10%
Rocky areas Inland cliffs  13%
Artificial - terrestrial Other urban & industrial areas  1%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
rangeland/pastureland major
agriculture minor

Other biodiversity About 70 species of mammal inhabit southern Uzbekistan (Salihbaev, 1964). Among them there are Insectovora, Chiroptera, Rodentia (low diversity), Carnivora and Artiodactyla. Reptilia are represented by about 40 species, Amphibia by 2, Pisces by 25. In the national Red Data Book, fish include the endemic subspecies of Sabaneiewia aurata (IUCN, 2000 – DD) and the Central Asian endemic Glyptosternum reticulatum; reptiles - Eremias nigricellata, Boiga triginatum, Cycodon striatus, Lythorhinchus ridgewayi and Naja oxiana; birds - Ciconia nigra, Pandion haliaetus, Gypaetus barbatus, Gyps fulvus, Aegypius monachus, Circaetus gallicus, Aquila nipalensis, Aquila heliaca, Aquila chrysaetos, Hieraaetus pennatus, Falco naumanni, Falco cherrug and Falco pelegrinoides; mammals - Otonycteris hemprichi and Lutra lutra. The vegetation is arid and mostly wormwood-ephemerous associations. National Red Data Book plants include Scutellaria fedtschenkoi (Labiatae), Crocus korolkovii (Iridaceae), Allium ophiophyllum, Tulipa korolkovii, T.tubergeniana, T.turkestanica, T.lanata, Eremurus alberti and E.baissunensis (Liliaceae), Andrachene vvedevskyi and Euphorbia densiusculiformes (Euphorbiaceae).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Middle reaches of the Sherabad River. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 31/07/2014

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