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Location Turkmenistan, Lebap
Central coordinates 61o 34.00' East  41o 40.25' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii
Area 54,632 ha
Altitude 120 - 249m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

BirdLife Central Asia Programme (BirdLife Direct Action Programme)

Site description The IBA is located in the north-eastern part of Turkmenistan in the Birata district of the Lebap region. The site includes lakes, a system of water reservoirs (Duyeboyun, Soltansanjar and Koshbulak), part of the Amudarya river (68 km in length), the Duyeboyun reservoir floods and lakes, and adjoining parts of the Pitnyakskaya uplands with patches of sandy and stony-clayey desert and saline depressions. Young tugai forests are present along the Amudarya at Syuduktugay, Saduar and Hanyan and appeared after filling of the Duyeboyun reservoir. Meadows, alluvial soils and saline depressions occur in the Amudarya river valley. The average monthly air temperature in June is +32C, in January -2C. The absolute maximum is +47C and minimum is -31C. Less than 100 mm of precipitation falls per year. Northern and north-eastern winds dominate (Orlovsky, 1984). The reservoirs and floods freeze if winters are unusually cold. There are no settlements in the site, but there are huts for fishmen and shepherds. Biratinsky district is a border zone and the river Amudarya is the border between Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. As a result part of site is under military control. The proportions of land and water change due to water level fluctuations.

Key Biodiversity 180 species of birds have been recorded in the IBA, but this number is not definitive. The most diverse are Passeriformes, Falconiformes, Anseriformes and Chardriidae. There are many waterbirds. The cliffs and outlying parts of the Pitnyakskaya upland is a nesting place for raptors and Tadorna ferruginea (23 pairs in 2007). The variety of waterbodies (large and mainly deep, without or with sparse vegetation on the shore and low islands, shallow filtration lakes, the floodplain of the river Amudarya with flood areas) provide favourable conditions for the stopover of many species, with more than 20,000 individual waterbirds during migration and in winter. Landscape diversity supports species typical of sandy and stony-clayey deserts, saline areas, cliffs and shore. Eleven species are included in the National Red Data Book. Bubo bubo, Chlamydotis undulata, Burhinus oedicnemus, Aquila chrysaetos, Falco cherrug and Circaetus gallicus breed or possibly breed. Pelicanus onocrotalus, P. crispus, Platalea leucorodia, Phoenicopterus roseus, Haliaeetus leucoryphus and Aegypius monachus are migrants and winter visitors. Pelicans were recorded during the breeding season, but nests were not found. Flocks of Grus grus (up to 200 individuals) make stopovers in the desert part of the site.

Non-bird biodiversity: Two species of Amphibia (Bufo viridis and Rana ridibunda), 17 species of Reptilia, among which Varanus griseus and Phrynocephalus rossikowi are included in the National Red Data book, occur. Mammals total 30 species: Insectivora - 3, Chiroptera – 4, Lagomorpha – 1, Rodentia – 16, Carnivora – 5, Ungulata – 1. Hystrix indica, Allactaga bobrinskii and Jaculus turcmenicus are included in the National Red Data book. Psammophytes and miscellaneous ephemeral herbs are the dominant species of which is Carex physodes is the most widespread. Bushes include Haloxylon, Calligonum, Salsola richteri, and Epherda. In some places there is Artemisia and Salsola. Forest/bush tugai vegetation consists of Populus, Elaeagnus, Tamarix, Halimodendron and Halostachys caspica. On the unflooded or occasionally flooded parts of the tugai thickets of reed, Glycyrrhiza, Calamagrostis, Trachomitum scabrum and Aeluropus grow.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina passage  2007  5,000 individuals  medium  A4i  Least Concern 
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus passage  2007  900 individuals  medium  A4i  Least Concern 
Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus passage  1986-1993  120 individuals  medium  A1, A4i  Vulnerable 
Saker Falcon Falco cherrug resident  2007  2 individuals  medium  A1  Endangered 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds passage  2007  min 20,000 individuals  medium  A4iii   

IBA Monitoring

2007 medium not assessed not assessed
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Agriculture and aquaculture livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - dams (size unknown) happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Flood-plain  3%
Desert Desert & semi-desert - clay; Desert & semi-desert - salty; Desert & semi-desert - sandy; Desert & semi-desert - stony  70%
Wetlands (inland) Rivers & streams; Standing fresh water  25%
Rocky areas Inland cliffs  2%

Land ownership State.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
rangeland/pastureland 50%
fisheries/aquaculture 25%
water management 25%

Protection status Not protected.

References Bukreev S.A. (1997) Birds. Chronicles of the Amudarya state reserve for 1996. Seyidi. Turkemnistan, p. 51-79. (in russian). Rajapov M.R. (1999) Red Data Book of Turkmenistan. Vol.1. Ashgabat, Turkmenistan, p 368 . (in russian). Lavrov A.P. (1984) Soils. Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic. Ashgabat. ТSE. p.45-51. (in russian). Orlovsky N.S. (1984) Climate. Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic. Ashgabat. ТSE. p.30-37. (in russian). Poslavsky A.N. (1986) Birds. Chronicles of the Amudarya state reserve for 1986. Farap. Turkemnistan, p. 119-120. (in russian). Poslavsky A.N. (1988) Birds. Chronicles of the Amudarya state reserve for 1988. Farap. Turkemnistan, p. 72-73. (in russian). Poslavsky A.N. (1990) Birds. Chronicles of the Amudarya state reserve for 1990. Neftezavodsk. Turkemnistan, p. 44. (in russian). Poslavsky A.N. (1991) Birds. Chronicles of the Amudarya state reserve for 1991. Seyidi. Turkemnistan, p. 44. (in russian). Poslavsky A.N. (1994) Birds. Chronicles of the Amudarya state reserve for 1994. Seyidi. Turkemnistan, p. 25-26. (in russian). Saltykov A.V. (1985) Birds. Chronicles of the Amudarya state reserve for 1985. Seyidi. Turkemnistan, p. 78-79. (in russian).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Soltansanjar - Duyeboyun. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016

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