|Central coordinates||58o 52.30' East 38o 21.30' North|
|Altitude||102 - 120m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2007|
Site description The IBA is situated 52 km to the north of Ashgabat in the naturally defined Deryadakyr depression running south to north for 32 km. The IBA is a flood area in the hilly-takyr complex in the Karakum desert and is fed by drainage waters from agricultural land in the foothills of the Central Kopetdag. The relief is hilly fixed sands, with takyr-desert soils. The main vegetation consists of Salsola-grass, Calligonum-Salsola with grasses, grasses with ephemerals, and Karelinia-Alhagi-Phragmites. The climate is extremely continental, with large fluctuations of daily temperatures, high in summer (+29 to +31C) and low in winter (+1 to +4C). The average minimum in January is –3C, the average maximum in July + 38.5C. The absolute minimum temperature is –25C.
Key Biodiversity On the IBA 151 species have been recorded. Nesting species - 39, resident - 9, wintering – 37 and 142 passage.
Non-bird biodiversity: In the IBA, 30 species of mammal have ben recorded: notable are wild boar, jackal, fox and nutria. Amphibians - 2 species: lake frog and green toad. 13 species of reptiles. The following types of vegetation are characteristic: Salsola-grass, Calligonum-Salsola with grasses, grasses with ephemerals, Karelinia-Alhagi-Phragmites.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina||passage||2006-2007||500-2,900 individuals||medium||A4i||Least Concern|
|Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus||passage||2006-2007||10-1,500 individuals||medium||A4i||Least Concern|
|Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo||passage||2006-2007||40-1,000 individuals||medium||A4i||Least Concern|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||-||2006||present||-||A4i|
|2007||medium||not assessed||not assessed|
|Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data|
|Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species||hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target)||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Desert||Desert & semi-desert - clay||10%|
|Wetlands (inland)||Standing brackish & salt water; Water-fringe vegetation||75%|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Protection status Not protected.
References Dementyev P.G. (1952) Birds of Turkmenistan, Ashgabat, Proceedings of the Turkmen Academy of Sciences TSSR, Volume 1. 546p.(in russian). Rajapov M. R (1999) Red Data Book of Turkmenistan. Volume 1. Invertebrates and vertebrate animals. Ashgabat.Turkmenistan. (in russian). Kuchuruk V., Tashlyev A.O. (1995) Mammals of Turkmenistan. Vol.1, Ashgabat,Ylym. (in russian). Rustamov A.K. (1954) Birds of Kara Kum desert, Ashgabat, Proceedings of the Turkmen Academy of Sciences TSSR, 342 p. (in russian). Rustamov A.K. (1958) Birds of Turkmenistan, Ashgabat, Proceedings of the Turkmen Academy of Sciences TSSR, Volume 2. 333p. (in russian). Rustamov A.K. (1988) Condition and problems of protection rare vertebrates of Turkmenistan, listed into the Red Data Book of the USSR. Rare and insufficiently studied animals of Turkmenistan. Ashgabat,Ylym. (in russian).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Deryatakyr. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/12/2014
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