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Location Turkmenistan, Akhal
Central coordinates 58o 52.30' East  38o 21.30' North
IBA criteria A4i
Area 6,871 ha
Altitude 102 - 120m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

BirdLife Central Asia Programme (Country programme)



Site description The IBA is situated 52 km to the north of Ashgabat in the naturally defined Deryadakyr depression running south to north for 32 km. The IBA is a flood area in the hilly-takyr complex in the Karakum desert and is fed by drainage waters from agricultural land in the foothills of the Central Kopetdag. The relief is hilly fixed sands, with takyr-desert soils. The main vegetation consists of Salsola-grass, Calligonum-Salsola with grasses, grasses with ephemerals, and Karelinia-Alhagi-Phragmites. The climate is extremely continental, with large fluctuations of daily temperatures, high in summer (+29 to +31C) and low in winter (+1 to +4C). The average minimum in January is –3C, the average maximum in July + 38.5C. The absolute minimum temperature is –25C.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina passage  2006-2007  500-2,900 individuals  medium  A4i  Least Concern 
Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus passage  2006-2007  10-1,500 individuals  medium  A4i  Least Concern 
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo passage  2006-2007  40-1,000 individuals  medium  A4i  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds 2006  present  A4i   

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland Low bushes  15%
Desert Desert & semi-desert - clay  10%
Wetlands (inland) Standing brackish & salt water; Water-fringe vegetation  75%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
rangeland/pastureland 5%
water management 70%
not utilised 15%
unknown 10%

Other biodiversity In the IBA, 30 species of mammal have ben recorded: notable are wild boar, jackal, fox and nutria. Amphibians - 2 species: lake frog and green toad. 13 species of reptiles. The following types of vegetation are characteristic: Salsola-grass, Calligonum-Salsola with grasses, grasses with ephemerals, Karelinia-Alhagi-Phragmites.

Protection status Not protected.

References Dementyev P.G. (1952) Birds of Turkmenistan, Ashgabat, Proceedings of the Turkmen Academy of Sciences TSSR, Volume 1. 546p.(in russian). Rajapov M. R (1999) Red Data Book of Turkmenistan. Volume 1. Invertebrates and vertebrate animals. Ashgabat.Turkmenistan. (in russian). Kuchuruk V., Tashlyev A.O. (1995) Mammals of Turkmenistan. Vol.1, Ashgabat,Ylym. (in russian). Rustamov A.K. (1954) Birds of Kara Kum desert, Ashgabat, Proceedings of the Turkmen Academy of Sciences TSSR, 342 p. (in russian). Rustamov A.K. (1958) Birds of Turkmenistan, Ashgabat, Proceedings of the Turkmen Academy of Sciences TSSR, Volume 2. 333p. (in russian). Rustamov A.K. (1988) Condition and problems of protection rare vertebrates of Turkmenistan, listed into the Red Data Book of the USSR. Rare and insufficiently studied animals of Turkmenistan. Ashgabat,Ylym. (in russian).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Deryatakyr. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/08/2014

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