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Location Turkmenistan, Dashoguz
Central coordinates 59o 50.22' East  42o 17.48' North
IBA criteria A3, A4i
Area 901 ha
Altitude 76 - 80m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

BirdLife Central Asia Programme (BirdLife Direct Action Programme)

Site description The IBA is situated on the border between Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan 25 km to the north-east of Boldumsaz and 50 km from Dashoguz. The site is a small tugai forest "Muskinata" (901 ha) on the left bank of the Amudarya river. There is also tugai forest on the right bank of the Amudarya but this lies within Uzbekistan. An insignificant part of area is under agriculture (cotton, wheat).

Key Biodiversity The avifauna includes more than 200 species: resident - 16, nesting - 63, wintering - 30, passage - 113. The dominant groups are passerines, birds of prey, anseriformes and charadrii. Resident, passage and wintering species included in the International (IUCN) and National Red Data Books (Turkmenistan, 1999) are: Platelea leucorodia, Pandion haliaetus, Circaetus gallicus, Falco naumanni, Burhinus oedicnemus, Bubo bubo and Coracias garrulus.

Non-bird biodiversity: About 80 species of spiders have been recorded. Among insects, bugs and butterflies are the most studied. The tugai forest is most important for ants and carabid beetles. In the crowns of trees weevils are numerous. Amphibians are green toad and lake frog. More than 20 species of Reptiles have been noted, mostly found on the fringes of the forest. The most numerous are Agrionemys horsfieldi, Trapelus sanguinolentus, Phrynocephalus interscapularis, Eremias grammica and Psammophis lineolatus. Mammals - 40 species: insectivores - 4, chiropterans - 5, Lagomorpha - 1, rodents - 17, predators - 12 and ungulates - 1. The majority of the IBA are floodplain ecosystems. More than 80 species of plant have been recorded in the tugai forest, with 12 species being common. Two species of poplar – Populus pruinosa and P. euphratica - plus Elaeagnus turcomanica, Salix songarica, Tamarix, Halimodendron halodendron, Glycyrrhiza glabra, Phragmites australis, Erianthus ravennae, Trachomitum scabrum and Aeluropus littoralis. Woody-shrubby and high-grass vegetation creates a dense understorey in the tugai forest.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus breeding  2007  1,000 individuals  medium  A4i  Least Concern 
Pallid Scops-owl Otus brucei breeding  2007  2 individuals  medium  A3  Least Concern 
White-winged Woodpecker Dendrocopos leucopterus resident  2007  1 individuals  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Parus bokharensis resident  2007  20-40 individuals  medium  A3  Not Recognised 
Streaked Scrub-warbler Scotocerca inquieta resident  2007  6 individuals  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Sykes's Warbler Hippolais rama breeding  2007  6-8 individuals  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Desert Finch Rhodopechys obsoletus breeding  2007  14 individuals  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Red-headed Bunting Emberiza bruniceps breeding  2007  4 individuals  medium  A3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2007 high not assessed not assessed
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Agriculture and aquaculture livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - agro-industry grazing, ranching or farmin happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - unintentional effects (species is not the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Biological resource use logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity past (and unlikely to return) and no longer limiting majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration low


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Flood-plain  85%
Shrubland Low bushes  5%
Wetlands (inland) Rivers & streams; Water-fringe vegetation  10%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 5%
rangeland/pastureland 50%
forestry 20%
military 5%
tourism/recreation 5%
unknown 15%

Protection status Not protected.

References Dementyev G. P., Kartashov N.N., Tashliyev A.O. (1956) The materials on fauna terraneous vertebrates of Northeast Turkmenistan. Academy of Science TSSR. Vol. IV. p. 77–119. (in russian). Rustamov A.K. (1958) Birds of Turkmenistan, Ashgabat, Proceedings of the Turkmen Academy of Sciences TSSR, Volume 2. 333p. (in russian). Rajapov M. R. (1999) Red Data Book of Turkmenistan. Volume 1. Invertebrates and vertebrate animals. Ashgabat.Turkmenistan. (in russian). Strelkov P.P., Sosnovtseva V. P., Babayev H.B. (1978) Bats (Chiroptera) in Turkmenistan. Functional morphology and systematisation of mammals. Leningrad, p. 3-71. (in russian). Soloha A.V. (1991) The report about research work “the Pheasant in Turkmenistan”. Аshgabat. (in russian). Kuchuruk V., Tashlyev A.O. (1995) Mammals of Turkmenistan. Vol.1, Аshgabat,Ylym. (in russian). Kuchuruk V. (2005) Lagomorpha and rodents of deserts of Central Asia. Мoscow. GEOS. 328 p. (in russian).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Muskinata. Downloaded from on 24/10/2016

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