|Central coordinates||59o 50.22' East 42o 17.48' North|
|IBA criteria||A3, A4i|
|Altitude||76 - 80m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2007|
Site description The IBA is situated on the border between Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan 25 km to the north-east of Boldumsaz and 50 km from Dashoguz. The site is a small tugai forest "Muskinata" (901 ha) on the left bank of the Amudarya river. There is also tugai forest on the right bank of the Amudarya but this lies within Uzbekistan. An insignificant part of area is under agriculture (cotton, wheat).
Key Biodiversity The avifauna includes more than 200 species: resident - 16, nesting - 63, wintering - 30, passage - 113. The dominant groups are passerines, birds of prey, anseriformes and charadrii. Resident, passage and wintering species included in the International (IUCN) and National Red Data Books (Turkmenistan, 1999) are: Platelea leucorodia, Pandion haliaetus, Circaetus gallicus, Falco naumanni, Burhinus oedicnemus, Bubo bubo and Coracias garrulus.
Non-bird biodiversity: About 80 species of spiders have been recorded. Among insects, bugs and butterflies are the most studied. The tugai forest is most important for ants and carabid beetles. In the crowns of trees weevils are numerous. Amphibians are green toad and lake frog. More than 20 species of Reptiles have been noted, mostly found on the fringes of the forest. The most numerous are Agrionemys horsfieldi, Trapelus sanguinolentus, Phrynocephalus interscapularis, Eremias grammica and Psammophis lineolatus. Mammals - 40 species: insectivores - 4, chiropterans - 5, Lagomorpha - 1, rodents - 17, predators - 12 and ungulates - 1. The majority of the IBA are floodplain ecosystems. More than 80 species of plant have been recorded in the tugai forest, with 12 species being common. Two species of poplar – Populus pruinosa and P. euphratica - plus Elaeagnus turcomanica, Salix songarica, Tamarix, Halimodendron halodendron, Glycyrrhiza glabra, Phragmites australis, Erianthus ravennae, Trachomitum scabrum and Aeluropus littoralis. Woody-shrubby and high-grass vegetation creates a dense understorey in the tugai forest.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus||breeding||2007||1,000 individuals||medium||A4i||Least Concern|
|Pallid Scops-owl Otus brucei||breeding||2007||2 individuals||medium||A3||Least Concern|
|White-winged Woodpecker Dendrocopos leucopterus||resident||2007||1 individuals||medium||A3||Least Concern|
|Great Tit Parus major||resident||2007||20-40 individuals||medium||A3||Least Concern|
|Streaked Scrub-warbler Scotocerca inquieta||resident||2007||6 individuals||medium||A3||Least Concern|
|Sykes's Warbler Hippolais rama||breeding||2007||6-8 individuals||medium||A3||Least Concern|
|Desert Finch Rhodopechys obsoletus||breeding||2007||14 individuals||medium||A3||Least Concern|
|Red-headed Bunting Emberiza bruniceps||breeding||2007||4 individuals||medium||A3||Least Concern|
|2007||high||not assessed||not assessed|
|Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data|
|Agricultural expansion and intensification||livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - agro-industry grazing, ranching or farmin||happening now||majority/most of area/population (50-90%)||slow but significant deterioration||high|
|Human intrusions and disturbance||recreational activities||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||slow but significant deterioration||low|
|Natural system modifications||fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity||past (and unlikely to return) and no longer limiting||majority/most of area/population (50-90%)||slow but significant deterioration||low|
|Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species||hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - unintentional effects (species is not the target)||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species||logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Wetlands (inland)||Rivers & streams; Water-fringe vegetation||10%|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Protection status Not protected.
References Dementyev G. P., Kartashov N.N., Tashliyev A.O. (1956) The materials on fauna terraneous vertebrates of Northeast Turkmenistan. Academy of Science TSSR. Vol. IV. p. 77–119. (in russian). Rustamov A.K. (1958) Birds of Turkmenistan, Ashgabat, Proceedings of the Turkmen Academy of Sciences TSSR, Volume 2. 333p. (in russian). Rajapov M. R. (1999) Red Data Book of Turkmenistan. Volume 1. Invertebrates and vertebrate animals. Ashgabat.Turkmenistan. (in russian). Strelkov P.P., Sosnovtseva V. P., Babayev H.B. (1978) Bats (Chiroptera) in Turkmenistan. Functional morphology and systematisation of mammals. Leningrad, p. 3-71. (in russian). Soloha A.V. (1991) The report about research work “the Pheasant in Turkmenistan”. Аshgabat. (in russian). Kuchuruk V., Tashlyev A.O. (1995) Mammals of Turkmenistan. Vol.1, Аshgabat,Ylym. (in russian). Kuchuruk V. (2005) Lagomorpha and rodents of deserts of Central Asia. Мoscow. GEOS. 328 p. (in russian).
Contribute Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.
Recommended citation BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Muskinata. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/03/2015
To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife