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Location Turkmenistan, Dashoguz
Central coordinates 59o 50.22' East  42o 17.48' North
IBA criteria A3, A4i
Area 901 ha
Altitude 76 - 80m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

BirdLife Central Asia Programme (Country programme)

Site description The IBA is situated on the border between Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan 25 km to the north-east of Boldumsaz and 50 km from Dashoguz. The site is a small tugai forest "Muskinata" (901 ha) on the left bank of the Amudarya river. There is also tugai forest on the right bank of the Amudarya but this lies within Uzbekistan. An insignificant part of area is under agriculture (cotton, wheat).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus breeding  2007  1,000 individuals  medium  A4i  Least Concern 
Pallid Scops-owl Otus brucei breeding  2007  2 individuals  medium  A3  Least Concern 
White-winged Woodpecker Dendrocopos leucopterus resident  2007  1 individuals  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Great Tit Parus major resident  2007  20-40 individuals  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Streaked Scrub-warbler Scotocerca inquieta resident  2007  6 individuals  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Sykes's Warbler Hippolais rama breeding  2007  6-8 individuals  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Desert Finch Rhodopechys obsoletus breeding  2007  14 individuals  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Red-headed Bunting Emberiza bruniceps breeding  2007  4 individuals  medium  A3  Least Concern 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Flood-plain  85%
Shrubland Low bushes  5%
Wetlands (inland) Rivers & streams; Water-fringe vegetation  10%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 5%
rangeland/pastureland 50%
forestry 20%
military 5%
tourism/recreation 5%
unknown 15%

Other biodiversity About 80 species of spiders have been recorded. Among insects, bugs and butterflies are the most studied. The tugai forest is most important for ants and carabid beetles. In the crowns of trees weevils are numerous. Amphibians are green toad and lake frog. More than 20 species of Reptiles have been noted, mostly found on the fringes of the forest. The most numerous are Agrionemys horsfieldi, Trapelus sanguinolentus, Phrynocephalus interscapularis, Eremias grammica and Psammophis lineolatus. Mammals - 40 species: insectivores - 4, chiropterans - 5, Lagomorpha - 1, rodents - 17, predators - 12 and ungulates - 1. The majority of the IBA are floodplain ecosystems. More than 80 species of plant have been recorded in the tugai forest, with 12 species being common. Two species of poplar – Populus pruinosa and P. euphratica - plus Elaeagnus turcomanica, Salix songarica, Tamarix, Halimodendron halodendron, Glycyrrhiza glabra, Phragmites australis, Erianthus ravennae, Trachomitum scabrum and Aeluropus littoralis. Woody-shrubby and high-grass vegetation creates a dense understorey in the tugai forest.

Protection status Not protected.

References Dementyev G. P., Kartashov N.N., Tashliyev A.O. (1956) The materials on fauna terraneous vertebrates of Northeast Turkmenistan. Academy of Science TSSR. Vol. IV. p. 77–119. (in russian). Rustamov A.K. (1958) Birds of Turkmenistan, Ashgabat, Proceedings of the Turkmen Academy of Sciences TSSR, Volume 2. 333p. (in russian). Rajapov M. R. (1999) Red Data Book of Turkmenistan. Volume 1. Invertebrates and vertebrate animals. Ashgabat.Turkmenistan. (in russian). Strelkov P.P., Sosnovtseva V. P., Babayev H.B. (1978) Bats (Chiroptera) in Turkmenistan. Functional morphology and systematisation of mammals. Leningrad, p. 3-71. (in russian). Soloha A.V. (1991) The report about research work “the Pheasant in Turkmenistan”. Аshgabat. (in russian). Kuchuruk V., Tashlyev A.O. (1995) Mammals of Turkmenistan. Vol.1, Аshgabat,Ylym. (in russian). Kuchuruk V. (2005) Lagomorpha and rodents of deserts of Central Asia. Мoscow. GEOS. 328 p. (in russian).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Muskinata. Downloaded from on 23/10/2014

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