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Location Turkmenistan, Balkan
Central coordinates 56o 6.30' East  39o 13.70' North
IBA criteria A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Area 147,962 ha
Altitude 18 - 70m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

BirdLife Central Asia Programme (Country programme)



Site description The IBA is situated in the northern foothills of the Western Kopetdag and covers a wide strip of land running along the Garagumdarya from east to west (135 km) between Bami and Bereket. Administratively the site is in Balkan region. The IBA is a clay piedmont plain covering the agricultural zone of the Garagumderya with fields of grain (wheat, barley), fodder crops (lucerne), cotton, roadside strips and fallow. The major waterway is the Garagumderya. There are many small irrigation and drainage channels. In the northern part there are two lakes – Chokrak and Donuzajy - within 0.5 km of one another. The climate is dry and temperate-continental, with low precipitation (170-200 mm/year), and predominantly dry north-east and east winds. Soils are light loess-like sierozems, in some areas salty takyrs and takyr soils, and on the periphery saltmarsh (solonchaks).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina passage  2006-2007  3,000 individuals  medium  A4i  Least Concern 
Saker Falcon Falco cherrug resident  2006-2007  1 individuals  medium  A1  Endangered 
Streaked Scrub-warbler Scotocerca inquieta breeding  2006-2007  15 individuals  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Sykes's Warbler Hippolais rama breeding  2006-2007  50 individuals  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Desert Finch Rhodopechys obsoletus breeding  2006-2007  22 individuals  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Red-headed Bunting Emberiza bruniceps breeding  2006-2007  10 individuals  medium  A3  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds passage  2006  min 20,000 individuals  medium  A4iii   

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland Low bushes  2%
Desert Desert & semi-desert - clay  3%
Wetlands (inland) Standing brackish & salt water; Water-fringe vegetation  15%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Forestry plantations; Urban parks & gardens  80%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 75%
rangeland/pastureland 15%
unknown 10%

Other biodiversity The fauna is impoverished, even more since the expansion of agricultural development. Amphibians - 2 species (green toad and lake frog) and Reptiles - 20 species of whichthe following are listed in the Red Data Book of Turkmenistan (1999): Eryx miliaris, Naja oxiana, Vipera lebedina and previously present, desert monitor. Mammals - 7 species of predator, 8 species of rodent and 2 species of bat. Red Data Book of Turkmenistan (1999): Hyaena hyaena and Hystrix indica. Before anthropogenic development of the site, ephemeras-sagebrush semi-desert was the dominant vegetation. Now it is agricultural crops (grain, etc.) and, on fallow land, salsolas, scrubby tamarix and reeds.

Protection status None.

References Dementyev P.G. (1952) Birds of Turkmenistan, Ashgabat, Proceedings of the Turkmen Academy of Sciences TSSR, Volume 1. 546p. (in russian). Rajapov M. R (1999) Red Data Book of Turkmenistan. Volume 1. Invertebrates and vertebrate animals. Ashgabat.Turkmenistan. (in russian). Kuchuruk V., Tashlyev A.O. (1995) Mammals of Turkmenistan. Vol.1, Аshgabat,Ylym. (in russian). Rustamov A.K. (1958) Birds of Turkmenistan, Ashgabat, Proceedings of the Turkmen Academy of Sciences TSSR, Volume 2. 333p. (in russian). Rustamov A.K. (1988) Condition and problems for the protection of rare vertebrate of Turkmenistan listed in the Red Data Book of the USSR. Rare and insufficiently explored animals of Turkmenistan. Ashgabat. Ylym. (in russian).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Chokrak-Tutly. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/08/2014

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