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Location Russia (European), Kalmykiya Republic
Central coordinates 44o 57.10' East  46o 44.50' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, B1i
Area 52,750 ha
Year of IBA assessment 2007

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea passage  1999  1,700 individuals  medium  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Little Bustard Tetrax tetrax passage  1997  560 individuals  medium  A1  Near Threatened 
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa passage  1999  300 individuals  poor  A1  Near Threatened 
Black-winged Pratincole Glareola nordmanni passage  1999  270 individuals  medium  A1  Near Threatened 

IBA Monitoring

1999 low near favourable low
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Agriculture and aquaculture livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - nomadic grazing happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Desert   0 0 good (> 90%) moderate (70-90%) near favourable
Wetlands (inland)   0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable

Most of site (50-90%) covered (including the most critical parts for important bird species)  No management planning has taken place  Very little or no conservation action taking place  low 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Stepnoi Zakaznik 378,500 protected area overlaps with site 41,800  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Desert Semidesert  97%
Wetlands (inland) Standing brackish and salt water; Standing freshwater  2%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Other urban and industrial areas  1%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
rangeland/pastureland 98%
agriculture 1%
nature conservation and research 60%
water management 1%

Acknowledgements The identification of IBAs and information collected between 1980 and 2009 provided by the IBA network of the Russian Bird Conservation Union (RBCU).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Chonta. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016

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