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Location Uzbekistan, Tashkent
Central coordinates 70o 13.05' East  40o 53.33' North
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 34,693 ha
Altitude 1,150 - 3,476m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

Uzbekistan Society for the Protection of Birds (Affiliate)



Site description The IBA is situated in the north-eastern part of Uzbekistan. It is located on the north-western mountainside of the Kuroma range between Naugarzansay in the south-west to the upper Abdjazsay and includes the left bank of the Ahangaran river and adjacent mountains. There are forest and alpine belts. Mountain forests are represented by sparse juniper, long-boled juniper and nut-bearing trees. The alpine belt includes mountain steppe and rocks. There is one small settlement, Lashkirek, in which there is only one road along the mountain river. There are orchards and vegetable gardens around the homesteads. There are no crop fields and the adjacent land is used as pasture. The border of the IBA is the watershed of the Kuroma ridge which is also the state border between Uzbekistan and Tajikistan.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Himalayan Snowcock Tetraogallus himalayensis resident  2000-2007  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
Saker Falcon Falco cherrug breeding  2003-2007  1-4 individuals  medium  A1  Endangered 
Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus resident  2003-2007  2-8 individuals  medium  A1  Near Threatened 
Hume's Lark Calandrella acutirostris breeding  2007  2 individuals  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Sulphur-bellied Warbler Phylloscopus griseolus breeding  2007  3 individuals  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Wallcreeper Tichodroma muraria resident  2007  1 individuals  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Alpine Accentor Prunella collaris resident  2007  1 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Brown Accentor Prunella fulvescens breeding  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Water Pipit Anthus spinoletta breeding  2007  1 individuals  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Fire-fronted Serin Serinus pusillus resident  2007  33 individuals  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Rhodopechys sanguineus resident  2007  4 individuals  medium  A3  Not Recognised 
Red-mantled Rosefinch Carpodacus rhodochlamys resident  2007  1 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
White-winged Grosbeak Mycerobas carnipes resident  2007  10 individuals  medium  A3  Least Concern 

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland   10%
Forest   50%
Grassland   15%
Wetlands (inland)   5%
Rocky areas   15%
Artificial - terrestrial   5%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 60%
forestry 40%

Other biodiversity Typical reptiles are Natrix tesellata, Coluber ravirgieri and Ablepharus pannonicus; two species of amphibian (Rana ridibunda and Bufo viridis). Mammals include Spermophilus relictus, Lepus tolai, Hystrix indica, Vulpes vulpes, Canis lupus, Meles meles, Sus scrofa and Capreolus pygargus. The bat Otonycteris hemprichi occurs and is included in the Red Data Book of Uzbekistan. Also included are Ursus arctos isabellinus, which according to conversations with foresters can sometimes be found here, and the rare butterfly Papilio alexanor. The vegetation is represented by mixed nut-bearing forests (Juglans regia, Malus orientalis, Prunus sogdiana, Crataegus sanguinea, Padus maholeb), flood-plain forests (Salix blakkii, Populus uzbekistanika, Crataegus sanguinea, Prunus sogdiana and others), long-boled and open juniper forests, and areas of mountain steppe and slopes partly covered by bushes of mountain cherry. There are luxuriant miscellaneous herbs in the mountain steppe zone. National Red Book endemics of the Western Tyan-Shan include Hedisarum angrenicum, Oxytropis fedtschenkoana and Allochrusa gypsiphyllaceae (Leguminozae); Ferula juniperina (Ambelliferae); Salia tianshanica (Labiatae); Allium pskemense, А.praemixtum, А.stipitatum, Crocus alatavicus, Tulipa dasystemon, T.kaufmaniana, T.korolkovii, T.bifloriformis, T.dubia, T.turkestanica, Eremurus korovinii (Liliaceae); Adonis lejosepala and Paconia hybrida (Ranunculaceae); Corydalis sewerzowii (Papaveraceae); and Cousinia angreni (Compositae).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Central section of the Kurama Mountain Range. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 01/09/2014

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