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Location Uzbekistan, Tashkent
Central coordinates 70o 13.05' East  40o 53.33' North
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 34,693 ha
Altitude 1,150 - 3,476m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

Uzbekistan Society for the Protection of Birds (Affiliate)



Site description The IBA is situated in the north-eastern part of Uzbekistan. It is located on the north-western mountainside of the Kuroma range between Naugarzansay in the south-west to the upper Abdjazsay and includes the left bank of the Ahangaran river and adjacent mountains. There are forest and alpine belts. Mountain forests are represented by sparse juniper, long-boled juniper and nut-bearing trees. The alpine belt includes mountain steppe and rocks. There is one small settlement, Lashkirek, in which there is only one road along the mountain river. There are orchards and vegetable gardens around the homesteads. There are no crop fields and the adjacent land is used as pasture. The border of the IBA is the watershed of the Kuroma ridge which is also the state border between Uzbekistan and Tajikistan.

Key Biodiversity The area is little studied. There is fragmentary information in monographs by I. A. Abdusalyamov (1971, 1973, 1977). 75 species of birds were recorded in April 2003 (V. Kovshar, 2004, 2004a; Mitropolsky, 2005). Summer excursions in 2000 revealed the presence of large numbers of birds of prey (Falco cherrug, Aegypius monachus, Buteo rufinus and especially Gyps fulvus) in the upper Abdjazsay. These species and other birds of prey are widespread in the IBA and probably nest. 102 species have been recorded during the breeding season. An expedition in 2007 concentrated on the juniper belt. At this time the alpine zone was closed by border guards so the alpine meadows and higher watershed and rocks with snowfields were not studied. Therefore the species of this habitat are under-represented.

Non-bird biodiversity: Typical reptiles are Natrix tesellata, Coluber ravirgieri and Ablepharus pannonicus; two species of amphibian (Rana ridibunda and Bufo viridis). Mammals include Spermophilus relictus, Lepus tolai, Hystrix indica, Vulpes vulpes, Canis lupus, Meles meles, Sus scrofa and Capreolus pygargus. The bat Otonycteris hemprichi occurs and is included in the Red Data Book of Uzbekistan. Also included are Ursus arctos isabellinus, which according to conversations with foresters can sometimes be found here, and the rare butterfly Papilio alexanor. The vegetation is represented by mixed nut-bearing forests (Juglans regia, Malus orientalis, Prunus sogdiana, Crataegus sanguinea, Padus maholeb), flood-plain forests (Salix blakkii, Populus uzbekistanika, Crataegus sanguinea, Prunus sogdiana and others), long-boled and open juniper forests, and areas of mountain steppe and slopes partly covered by bushes of mountain cherry. There are luxuriant miscellaneous herbs in the mountain steppe zone. National Red Book endemics of the Western Tyan-Shan include Hedisarum angrenicum, Oxytropis fedtschenkoana and Allochrusa gypsiphyllaceae (Leguminozae); Ferula juniperina (Ambelliferae); Salia tianshanica (Labiatae); Allium pskemense, А.praemixtum, А.stipitatum, Crocus alatavicus, Tulipa dasystemon, T.kaufmaniana, T.korolkovii, T.bifloriformis, T.dubia, T.turkestanica, Eremurus korovinii (Liliaceae); Adonis lejosepala and Paconia hybrida (Ranunculaceae); Corydalis sewerzowii (Papaveraceae); and Cousinia angreni (Compositae).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Himalayan Snowcock Tetraogallus himalayensis resident  2000-2007  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
Saker Falcon Falco cherrug breeding  2003-2007  1-4 individuals  medium  A1  Endangered 
Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus resident  2003-2007  2-8 individuals  medium  A1  Near Threatened 
Hume's Lark Calandrella acutirostris breeding  2007  2 individuals  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Sulphur-bellied Warbler Phylloscopus griseolus breeding  2007  3 individuals  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Wallcreeper Tichodroma muraria resident  2007  1 individuals  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Alpine Accentor Prunella collaris resident  2007  1 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Brown Accentor Prunella fulvescens breeding  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Water Pipit Anthus spinoletta breeding  2007  1 individuals  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Fire-fronted Serin Serinus pusillus resident  2007  33 individuals  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Rhodopechys sanguineus resident  2007  4 individuals  medium  A3  Not Recognised 
Red-mantled Rosefinch Carpodacus rhodochlamys resident  2007  1 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
White-winged Grosbeak Mycerobas carnipes resident  2007  10 individuals  medium  A3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2007 medium not assessed not assessed
unset
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Agricultural expansion and intensification wood and pulp plantations (includes afforestation) - small-holder plantations happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Climate change and severe weather habitat shifting and alteration likely in long term (beyond 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) moderate to rapid deterioration low
Energy production and mining mining and quarrying past (and unlikely to return) and no longer limiting small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities past (and unlikely to return) and no longer limiting some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration low
Human intrusions and disturbance war, civil unrest and military exercises happening now some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Natural system modifications other ecosystem modifications happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species habitat effects - gathering plants happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Forest   0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable
Forest   0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable
Forest   0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable
Grassland   0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable
Rocky areas   0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland   10%
Forest   50%
Grassland   15%
Wetlands (inland)   5%
Rocky areas   15%
Artificial - terrestrial   5%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 60%
forestry 40%

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Central section of the Kurama Mountain Range. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/11/2014

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