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Location Tajikistan
Central coordinates 69o 4.26' East  39o 51.53' North
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 9,811 ha
Altitude 1,170 - 1,900m
Year of IBA assessment 2007





Site description The IBA is situated on the northern mountainside of the Turkestan range. Daganasay and Kattasay Reservoirs are located on the same altitude 50-60 km from each other. Daganasay Reservoir is situated in Cagdiyskiy region 9 km to the south of the district centre, Gonchi. The Dagana river and Mangytsay and Koganisay tributaries flow into it. The total volume of the reservoir is 42 million m3. The maximum area is 280 hectares, depth – 18m. Towards the end of the irrigation season its area reduces to 35-40 hectares and the depth to 3 m. The reservoir is oligotrophic. The soil of the bottom is formed as a result of the accumulation of alluvial silt. 132 species of algae are known. Migrating waterbirds use the site from October and Anseriformes, Charadriformes and Falconiformes winter. Kattasay Reservoir is situated at the foot of the northern mountainside of the Turkestan range. When full its area is 2.9 km2 and the volume is 55 million m3. The depth near the dam is 45-48m, when the water level is low this falls to 18m. This reservoir is situated in the Istravshanskaya depression at an altitude of 1,165 m above sea level. The main source of water is the small river Kattasay which rises in the Turkestan range. This waterbody is oligotrophic. An abundance of spring rains with mudflows is typical for this area. This area has a damp climate, warm summers and mild winter. The average annual temperature is not more than 11oC. Precipitation reaches 400 mm a year. Soils are typically sierozems. Daganasay and Kattasay Reservoirs are located on a flyway of birds which use the reservoirs for resting and feeding during spring and autumn. The ecological conditions (absence of disturbance, plenty of food, mild climate) attract waterfowl, sandpipers, waders, herons and allies for wintering.

Key Biodiversity The avifauna of the region includes species typical for the semi-desert, foothills and low-mountains zones of the Turkestan range. Breeding birds: 52 species nest in the IBA. Typical species include Circus aeruginosus, Buteo rufinus, Hieraaetus pennatus, Falco tinnunculus, Falco subbuteo, Alectoris chukar, Coturnix coturnix, Gallinula chloropus, Fulica atra, Charadrius dubius, Tringa hypoleucos, Sterna hirundo, Columba livia, Streptopelia decaocto, Streptopelia turtur, Streptopelia senegalensis, Cuculus canorus, Otus scops, Bubo bubo, Athene noctua, Caprimulgus europaeus, Apus apus, Alcedo atthis, Upupa epops, Dendrocopos leucopterus, Galerida cristata, Alauda arvensis, Riparia rupestris, Hirundo rustica, Hirundo daurica, Anthus campestris, Motacilla cinerea, Motacilla alba, Cinclus cinclus, Luscinia megarhynchos, Luscinia svecica, Phoenicurus caeruleocephalus, Phoenicurus ochruros, Saxicola torquata, Oenanthe isabellina, Oenanthe pleschanka, Turdus merula, Myophonus caeruleus, Acrocephalus arundinaceus, Hippolais rama, Sylvia curruca, Sylvia communis, Tersiphone paradisi, Parus bokharensis, Lanius schach, Pica pica, Passer indicus, Passer hispaniolensis, Passer montanus, Caprodacus rhodochlamys, Emberiza cia and Emberiza bruniceps. Migrants. 70-80 species pass through Kattasay and Daganasay Reservoirs, crossing the area on a wide front. Wintering birds: Typical wintering species include Tachybaptus ruficollis, Podiceps cristatus, Phalacrocorax carbo, Phalacrocorax pygmaeus, Egretta alba, Tadorna ferruginea, Anas strepera, Anas platyrhynchos, Anas querquedula, Mergus merganser, Fulica atra, Haliaeetus leucoryphus, Accipiter nisus, Falco columbarius, Falco cherrug, appearing from the middle of October. Numerous wintering species are: Turdus atrogularis, Corvus monedula, Corvus frugilegus, Corvus corone, Corvus corax and Sturnus vulgaris. 1,500-2,000 waterfowl regularly winter on the IBA. There are 8 globally threatened species of birds recorded from the site: Haliaeetus leucoryphus, Aegypius monachus, Circus macrourus, Aquila heliaca, Falco vespertinus, Falco naumannii, Falco cherrug and Coracias garrulus.

Non-bird biodiversity: Amphibia are Ranа ridibunda and Bufo viridis. Reptilia: there are Testudo horsfieldi, Gymnodactylus fedtschenkovi, Agama lehmanni, Varanus griseus, Ophisaurus apodus, Ablepharus alaicus, Ablepharus deserti, Eremias velox, Eremias regeli, Lacerta strigata, Typhlops vermicularis and Eryx tataricus in the semi-desert zone of the foothills of the Turkestan range. Natrix tesselata, Coluber rhodorhachis, Coluber ravergieri, Naja oxiana and Vipera lebetina can be found in water-logged ground or near waterbodies. 21 of 44 species of Reptilia are included in the Red Data Book of Tajikistan. Mammals: Sorex bucharensis, Rhinolophus bocharicus, Myotis mystacinus, Myotis frater, Barbastella leucomelas, Pipistrellus pipistrellus, Hystrix leucura, Dryomys nitedula, Apodemus sylvaticus, Mus musculus, Rattus turkestanicus, Ellobius talpinus, Canis lupus, Vulpes vulpes, Ursus arctos, Martes foina, Mustela erminea, Mustela nivalis, Meles meles and Felis lynx. 42 of 84 species of mammals are included in the Red Data Book of Tajikistan. Semidesert vegetation consists of dwarf bushes: Rоsa maracandica, Rosa beggeriana, species of Ephedra, Lanicera nummulariifolia, Cotoneaster nummularius, Cerasus verrucosa and Amygdalus bucharica. There are permanent and annual grasses: Poa bulbosa, Carex pachystylis, Taeniatherum crinitum and others.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Saker Falcon Falco cherrug breeding  2000-2006  1-2 breeding pairs  medium  A1  Endangered 
Solitary Snipe Gallinago solitaria breeding  2000-2006  2-4 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
European Roller Coracias garrulus breeding  2000-2006  50-60 breeding pairs  medium  A1  Near Threatened 
Hume's Lark Calandrella acutirostris breeding  2000-2006  20-30 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Sulphur-bellied Warbler Phylloscopus griseolus breeding  2000-2006  7-8 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Wallcreeper Tichodroma muraria resident  2000-2006  5-6 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Brown Accentor Prunella fulvescens breeding  2000-2006  8-10 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Water Pipit Anthus spinoletta breeding  2000-2006  10-15 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Fire-fronted Serin Serinus pusillus breeding  2000-2006  10-15 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Rhodopechys sanguineus resident  2000-2006  20-30 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Not Recognised 
Red-mantled Rosefinch Carpodacus rhodochlamys resident  2000-2006  15-20 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
White-winged Grosbeak Mycerobas carnipes resident  2000-2006  5-10 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2006 high not assessed not assessed
unset
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Climate change and severe weather drought happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - abstraction of surface water (agricultural use) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Desert   -
Wetlands (inland)   15%
Rocky areas   -
Shrubland   -
Artificial - terrestrial   10%
Introduced vegetation   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
forestry -
nature conservation and research -
urban/industrial/transport -
water management 20%

Protection status There are no protected areas in the IBA.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Kattasay and Daganasay Reservoirs. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/12/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife