email a friend
printable version
Location Tajikistan
Central coordinates 70o 4.84' East  37o 37.71' North
IBA criteria A1, A3, A4i
Area 37,776 ha
Altitude 1,300 - 2,500m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

Site description The IBA is situated in the Shurabad district of Hatlonsoy region 80 km from the regional centre Kulyab, and 30 km to the south of the district centre Shurabad. The site is located in the south part of the Hazrati Shoh range an area with a complicated semi-mountain relief. There are three small mountain rivers. The valleys have diverse vegetation. The most important section of the IBA are the floodlands of the Pyandj river where waterbirds can be found in quantity. The tugay and other woody thickets and herbage attract dendrophilous species and the same vegetation occurs in the lower parts of the side gorges.

Key Biodiversity There are more than 113 species of birds on the IBA. Residents include Anas platyrhynchos, Mergus merganser, Gypaetus barbatus, Aegypius monachus, Gyps himalayensis, Aquila chrysaetos, Alectoris chukar, Columba livia, Bubo bubo, Athene noctua, Dendrocopos leucopterus, Cinclus pallasii, Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax, Corvus corax and Passer montanus. Nesting species include Falco naumanni, Falco tinnunculus, Columba palumbus, Streptopelia turtur, Streptopelia orientalis, Cuculus canorus, Asio otus, Apus apus, Upupa epops, Riparia rupestris, Delichon urbica, Luscinia megarhynchos, Monticola solitarius, Phoenicurus ochruros, Oenanthe oenanthe, Cettia cetti, Parus major, Oriolus oriolus, Lanius phoenicuroides, Lanius schach and Acridotheres tristis. Migrants include Ardea cinerea, Anas strepera, Anas crecca and Fulica atra. Rare species included in the Red Data Book of Tajikistan are Gypaetus barbatus, Gyps himalayensis, Aquila chrysaetos and Chaimarrornis leucocephala (all resident).

Non-bird biodiversity: Fish: Schizothorax intermedius, Varicorhinus heratensis, Glyptosternum reticulatum, Nemachilus pardalis and Nemachilus stoliczkai inhabit the Pyandj river basin and its tributaries. Amphibia are represented by Bufo viridis and Rana ridibunda. Reptilia: Agama lehmanni, Ablepharus brandti, Ophisaurus apodus, Natrix tesselata and Elaphe dione are the most common species. There is an isolated area of Agama caucasica's natural habitat in the zapovednik. Mammals include Capra falconeri, Ovis vignei bochariensis, Marmota caudatа, Rattus turkestanicus, Lepus tolai, Ellobius tancrei, Dryomus nitedula, Apodemus sylvaticus, Ursus arctos, Lynx lynx, Crocidura suaveolens, Rhinolophus ferrumequinum, Rhinolophus hipposideros, Plecotus austriacus, Myotis oxyghathus, Сanis lupus, Vulpes vulpes, Meles meles, Mustela nivalis, Lutra lutra, Martes foina, Uncia uncia and Capra sibirica. Vegetation is xerophytic. Desert-ephemeral vegetation is typical for the low-lying parts of the IBA. The main part of the IBA is situated at an altitude of 1,300-1,700 m in a zone of ephemeral vegetation, mainly dominated by Taeniatherum crinitum, Hordeum spontaneum and Hordeum bulbosum. According to G.T. Sidorenko (1961) Vulpia persica, Vulpia myuros and Bromus oxyodon occur; plus ephemerals such as Anemone bucharica, Ranunculus leptorrhynchus and Ranunculus tenuilobus. Juniperus seravschanica, and Juniperus sibirica with fragments of Betula turkestanica grow at altitudes between 1,700-2,500 m above sea level. The mesophytic Silene wallichiana, Ostrowskia magnifica, Poligonatum severtzovii and others can be found under the trees.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Himalayan Snowcock Tetraogallus himalayensis resident  2000-2006  8-10 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Goosander Mergus merganser resident  2000-2006  200-250 individuals  medium  A4i  Least Concern 
Saker Falcon Falco cherrug breeding  2000-2006  1-2 breeding pairs  medium  A1  Endangered 
Pallas's Fish-eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus passage  2000-2006  6-8 individuals  medium  A1  Vulnerable 
Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus winter  2000-2006  4-6 individuals  medium  A1  Near Threatened 
Ibisbill Ibidorhyncha struthersii resident  2000-2006  2-3 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-eyed Pigeon Columba eversmanni breeding  2000-2006  10-15 breeding pairs  medium  A1  Vulnerable 
Yellow-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax graculus resident  2000-2006  20-40 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Hume's Lark Calandrella acutirostris breeding  2000-2006  10-12 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Sulphur-bellied Warbler Phylloscopus griseolus breeding  2000-2006  3-5 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Wallcreeper Tichodroma muraria resident  2000-2006  5-8 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
White-winged Redstart Phoenicurus erythrogastrus breeding  2000-2006  15-20 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Alpine Accentor Prunella collaris breeding  2000-2006  10-15 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-streaked Accentor Prunella himalayana breeding  2000-2006  7-9 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Brown Accentor Prunella fulvescens breeding  2000-2006  5-8 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Water Pipit Anthus spinoletta breeding  2000-2006  20-30 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Rhodopechys sanguineus resident  2000-2006  25-40 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Not Recognised 
Red-mantled Rosefinch Carpodacus rhodochlamys resident  2000-2006  8-9 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2007 low not assessed low
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Agriculture and aquaculture livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - nomadic grazing happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Biological resource use logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Climate change and severe weather storms and floods happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low

Most of site (50-90%) covered (including the most critical parts for important bird species)  No management planning has taken place  Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity  low 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Dashtidzumsky State Nature Reserve 53,400 protected area contained by site 53,400  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Shrubland   -
Grassland   -
Desert   -
Wetlands (inland)   -
Rocky areas   -
Artificial - terrestrial   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 5%
forestry -
nature conservation and research 60%
tourism/recreation -

Protection status Nature Reserve and Zakaznik.

References Data about the biology and ecology of plants and animals within Southern Tajikistan are found in publications by Severtzov N.A. and M.A.Menzbier (1888-1893); Ivanov (1940, 1969); Dementyev (1935); Ovchinnikov and others (1954); Abdusalyamov (1961, 1964, 1971, 1973, 1977).

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Dashtidjum. Downloaded from on 24/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife