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Location Kazakhstan, Akmola region,Karaganda region
Central coordinates 73o 17.00' East  51o 24.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 364,580 ha
Altitude 260 - 901m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

Association for the Conservation of Biodiversity of Kazakhstan (Affiliate)



Site description The IBA covers a major portion of the hilly uplands 55 km to the south-east of Astana. The main part of the area is situated on the outskirts of the south-eastern quarter of Akmola region with the southern extension, running mainly north-south, extending to the northern frontier zone of Karaganda region. The district centre of Ereymentau is located on the northern edge of the site and there are several settlements, including Algabas, Baimen and Ornek Novokamena, within the IBA. The hilly uplands consist of a system of parallel ranges stretching in a east-west direction. Towards the eastern end of the area the landscape is predominately rocky with sparse forest cover. There are also areas of dry steppe. A few rivers run down from the mountains and support patches of alder forest (Alnus sp) in boggy areas. The lower slopes have scattered stands of coppiced deciduous forest - birch-aspen assemblage, with birch tending to be dominant.

Key Biodiversity Being a combination of forest and steppe, the site supports an interesting mix of species. Ereymentau forest is the southern boundary of northern breeding species such as Buteo buteo, Pernis apivorus, Accipiter gentilis and Strix uralensis, and the northernmost location for breeding Aquila nipalensis. The area is also important for raptors including Aquila heliaca, Aquila chrysaetos, Circus macrourus, Falco vespertinus and Otus scops.

Non-bird biodiversity: A good population of Ovis ammon collium inhabits the Ereymentau hill ranges. Marmota bobak are numerous in the vicinities of both the State Nature Preserve and the hunting facility “Gornoye”.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Saker Falcon Falco cherrug breeding  2007  1-3 breeding pairs  medium  A1  Endangered 
Red-footed Falcon Falco vespertinus breeding  2007  90-110 breeding pairs  medium  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni breeding  2007  25-45 breeding pairs  medium  A1  Least Concern 
Steppe Eagle Aquila nipalensis breeding  2007  5-8 breeding pairs  good  A3  Least Concern 
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca breeding  2007  30-35 breeding pairs  good  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus breeding  2007  150-180 breeding pairs  medium  A1, A3  Near Threatened 

IBA Monitoring

2007 medium unfavourable not assessed
  Habitat
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming likely in short term (within 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) moderate to rapid deterioration low
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - unintentional effects (species is not the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: large scale happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas likely in short term (within 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low

Artificial - aquatic   0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable
Artificial - terrestrial   0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable
Forest   0 0 good (> 90%) moderate (70-90%) near favourable
Grassland   0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable
Rocky areas   0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable
Shrubland   0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable
Wetlands (inland)   0 0 good (> 90%) moderate (70-90%) near favourable

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Ermentauskiy Zakaznik 35,000 protected area contained by site 35,000  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial Other urban & industrial areas  5%
Forest Broadleaved deciduous; Flood-plain  20%
Grassland Steppes & dry calcareous  55%
Shrubland Low bushes  minor
Wetlands (inland) Rivers & streams; Standing brackish & salt water; Temporary water bodies  5%
Rocky areas Inland cliffs  15%
Artificial - aquatic Artificial water bodies  minor

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
rangeland/pastureland 15%
forestry 30%
tourism/recreation 20%
hunting 50%
nature conservation and research 30%
urban/industrial/transport 5%

Protection status Ereymentau State Nature Reserve (Zakaznik) lies within the proposed IBA and the site would receive additional protection if the proposed Buyratausky State National Nature Park is established.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Ereymentau Mountains. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/12/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife