email a friend
printable version
Location Tajikistan
Central coordinates 70o 24.27' East  40o 52.64' North
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 26,767 ha
Altitude 532 - 1,624m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

Site description Mogoltau is a low mountain range 40 km long and 15-25 km wide, covering an area of approximately 350 square km, with the highest points reaching 1,600-1,620 m above sea level. The central and main high part of the massif is the Muzbek peak 1,624 m above sea level. The Mogoltau massif is a vast plain of rubble, pebble, gravel, boulders and loess-like loam cut by dry riverbeds formed by streams of spring (April) rains. The area has been exposed to man's impact for a long time and there are many settlements: Hujand, Uchbog, Chengalyk, Kichikayra, Katorbulok, Choruhdaron, Mirzorabat, Holbabulon and others. In general the Mogultau massif is a unique mountain range, bounded by cultivated lands, roads, settlements and towns. As an isolated 'island' it has preserved a unique avifauna which is different from the nearby Turkestanskiy and Kuraminskiy ranges and this forms the basis for the creation of the IBA.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Saker Falcon Falco cherrug resident  2000-2006  2-4 breeding pairs  medium  A1  Endangered 
Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus resident  2000-2006  6-8 individuals  medium  A1  Near Threatened 
European Roller Coracias garrulus breeding  2000-2006  120-150 individuals  medium  A1  Near Threatened 
Upcher's Warbler Hippolais languida breeding  2000-2006  10-12 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Plain Leaf-warbler Phylloscopus neglectus breeding  2000-2006  5-8 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
White-throated Robin Irania gutturalis breeding  2000-2006  2-4 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Finsch's Wheatear Oenanthe finschii resident  2000-2006  8-10 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Variable Wheatear Oenanthe picata breeding  2000-2006  10-15 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-breasted Bunting Emberiza stewarti breeding  2000-2006  20-25 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-necked Bunting Emberiza buchanani breeding  2000-2006  15-20 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland   3%
Grassland   27%
Desert   17%
Rocky areas   31%
Introduced vegetation   8%
Artificial - terrestrial   14%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
nature conservation and research 81%
tourism/recreation 7%
urban/industrial/transport 12%

Other biodiversity Fish: Schizothorax intermedius can be found occasionally in large springs. Amphibia are represented by one species - Bufo viridis. Reptiles: Testudo horsfieldi, Teratoscincus scincus, Gymnodactylus russowi, Agama sanguinolenta, Agama lehmanni, Varanus griseus, Ophisaurus apodus, several species of Eremias, Ablephаrus brandti, Ablephаrus deserti and others. Snakes include Eryx tataricus, Coluber rhodorhachis, Coluber ravergieri, Taphrometopon lineolatum and Vipera lebetina. Vipera ursini has disappeared. Mammals include Sus scrofa, Canis lupus, Vulpes vulpes, Hyaena hyaena, Mustela nivalis, Hystrix leucura, Rattus turkestanicus and Ellobius tancrei. Insectivores and Chiropterans also occur. The Mogoltau mountains are poor in arboreal-bushy vegetation. There are only scattered bushes of Juniperus zeravschanica, Celtis caucasica, Crataegus turkestanica, Atraphaxis pyrifolia, Cotoneaster insignis, Cotoneaster nummularius, Rosa maracandica, Cerasus verrucosa, Cerasus erythrocarpa and Lonicera nummularifolia. Of herbaceous vegetation Poa bulbosa, Carex pachystylis and Taeniatherum crinitum dominate in the ephemeral-wormwood desert zone.

Protection status Creating the Mogoltau nature reserve is proposed to conserve the the unique fauna and flora.

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Mogoltau massif. Downloaded from on 20/10/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife