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Location Kazakhstan, Karaganda region
Central coordinates 73o 50.00' East  50o 47.50' North
IBA criteria A4i, A4iii
Area 3,782 ha
Altitude 395 - 411m
Year of IBA assessment 2006

Association for the Conservation of Biodiversity of Kazakhstan (Affiliate)



Site description The Irtysh-Karaganda Canal Waterworks facility number 9 is situated in the Osakarov district of the Karaganda region, close to the north-east edge of Molodezhny village, and 110 km from the regional centre. The facility is part of a series of waterworks established along the course of an artificial canal taking water from the Irtysh river to provide a regular drinking water supply to Karaganda city. The correct functioning of the canal is ensured by a system of heavy-duty pumps transferring water uphill through a series of ponds. All reservoirs are surrounded by a 500 m wide 'sanitary zone', and separated by a mean distance of 6-7 km. The rather deep waterbody of facility no 9 has an elongated shape and is approximately 1.5 km long and 800 m wide. It is surrounded by an undulating plain. The landscape consists mainly of large areas of agriculturally improved dry steppe, with a few patches of alkali soils. The vegetation of the open steppe consists mainly of Festuca-Artemisa associations. The banks of the reservoir are covered by a dense but narrow belt of reeds, giving way at the dam to shoreline thickets of Elaeagnus sp. and Hipophae sp.

Key Biodiversity The site is used by large numbers and variety of waterbirds on passage. The most numerous are Coots, diving and surface-feeding ducks and several species of waders - Calidris ruficollis, Numenius arquata, Philomachus pugnax and Phalaropus lobatus. Each summer small flocks of Anser anser are present but breeding has not yet been confirmed. Podiceps cristatus, Bucephala clangula, Anas acuta, Anas platyrhynchos and Anas strepera are very numerous in autumn with numbers in the region of 25-30,000 birds.

Non-bird biodiversity: Several typical dry steppe carnivores occur in the area adjacent to the waterworks - Vulpes vupes, Vulpes corsac and Meles meles are common. The most numerous mammals, though, are Mustelids - weasel, stoat and pole-cat.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula passage  2006  290 individuals  good  A4i  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds passage  2006  20,000-49,999 individuals  medium  A4iii   

IBA Monitoring

2006 medium favourable not assessed
  Habitat
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - unintentional effects: large scale happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Artificial - aquatic   0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable
Forest   0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable
Grassland   0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable
Wetlands (inland)   0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Flood-plain  10%
Grassland Steppes & dry calcareous  35%
Artificial - aquatic Artificial water bodies  55%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture 25%
Notes: Corporate fishery
water management 55%
Notes: The state-owned establishment to which thegiven water-body facility belongs is included into the catena of waterworks created, in measured sequence, along the course of artificial canal designed for providing, by dint of tapping the waters of Irtysh river, a regular drinking water-supply to Karaganda city.

Acknowledgements The compilers of this assessment express their appreciation of the excellent implementation of the scientific study carried out by Daniel Masur and Kati Sevke from Greifswald University.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Irtysh-Karaganda Waterworks 9. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/12/2014

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