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Location St Vincent and the Grenadines, The Grenadines
Central coordinates 61o 8.00' West  12o 57.55' North
IBA criteria A4i, A4ii, B4ii
Area 753 ha
Altitude 0 - 183m
Year of IBA assessment 2008

Site description Battowia, a privately-owned island, and its sister islet Battowia Bullet are among the most easterly of the Grenadine islands. They lie approximately 6 miles (10 km) to the south-east of Bequia (the largest Grenadine Island) and approximately 5 miles (8 km) to the north–east of Mustique. They also lie about 3 miles (5 km) north-east of All Awash island. Because of its location, Battowia is constantly exposed to the Atlantic. The island is therefore sparsely covered, particularly during the dry season. Its vegetation is primarily patchy coastal Dry Scrub Woodland, with the healthiest stands found within the islands few sheltered coves on the west. An unknown population of goats resides on the island and further impacts on the island’s vegetation. Battowia’s steep sides give rise to a saddle at the summit. Access is relatively difficult, particularly on windy days when surrounding waters and coastlines can get quite choppy. Annually, Battowia supports the second largest population of nesting seabirds numbering several thousand individuals (D. Hazell and R. Ragguette, pers. comm.). As a Wildlife Reserve, a number of management objectives have been identified for the site. These include habitat and wildlife protection, biodiversity conservation, research, recreation, education and heritage tourism.

Key Biodiversity As with many of the other Grenadines islands, data on bird populations are non-existent. However, the island is a key roosting and nesting site for a variety of seabirds, namely larger species such as frigatebirds, gulls and boobies (Plate 29).

Non-bird biodiversity: Data on these species are unavailable. However, it is believed that the regionally endemic Congo snake M. bruesi occurs on the island.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Magnificent Frigatebird Fregata magnificens non-breeding  2004  119 individuals  medium  B4ii  Least Concern 
Red-footed Booby Sula sula breeding  2004  3,000 nests  medium  A4ii  Least Concern 
Brown Booby Sula leucogaster breeding  2004  200 nests  medium  B4ii  Least Concern 
Laughing Gull Larus atricilla breeding  2004  400 individuals  medium  A4i  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Battowia Island Wildlife Reserve 0 is identical to site 0  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Rocky areas   -
Sea   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -

Further web sources of information 

Site profile from Important Bird Areas in the Caribbean: key sites for conservation (BirdLife International 2008)

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Battowia Island. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife