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Location Kazakhstan, Akmola region,Kostanay region
Central coordinates 67o 15.00' East  50o 27.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii
Area 8,818 ha
Altitude 326 - 360m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Association for the Conservation of Biodiversity of Kazakhstan (Affiliate)

Site description The IBA consists of a group of 4 lakes (Zharkol, Shoyndykol, Sabyndy and Taldy), positioned at the corners of a notional polygon with an area of c6 x 10 km, situated 25 km to the north-east of Arkalyk. The site is divided by the Shoiyndy-Arkalyk highway. The most important is the slightly brackish Zharkol Lake, nearly oval in shape, with an area of c3.8 x 4.2 km and depths of 1.5 - 2 m. Zharkol is 4 km north-west of the village of Shoiyndykol and 1.5 km from a seasonal lake of similar size – Shoyndykol - to which it is connected by means of seasonally dry channels. The northern and southern shores of the Lake have a few cliffs. The lake has one main seasonal inflow but the main water input, as is the case with all the other lakes in the vicinity, is provided by multiple seasonal run-offs. Lake Taldy (4 x 1.8 km) shows drastic fluctuations of water-level, sometimes completely drying-up. In years of plentiful water, when levels are more stable, extensive reedbeds develop. A similar regime is shown by the neighbouring Sabyndy lake (about 4 x 2 km). Although there are 4 lakes, in practice the IBA consists of three waterbody clusters: Zharkol-Shoiyndykol, Sabyndy and Taldy. Agricultural is well developed throughout the entire Region and fields are widespread and sometimes extend right to the shoreline.

Key Biodiversity The fields around the lakes provide good feeding areas for geese.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lesser White-fronted Goose Anser erythropus passage  2004  13 individuals  medium  A1  Vulnerable 
Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons passage  2004  85,000 individuals  good  A4i  Least Concern 
Greylag Goose Anser anser passage  2004  215,000 individuals  good  A4i  Least Concern 
Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula passage  2004  660 individuals  medium  A4i  Least Concern 
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala passage  2004  48 individuals  medium  A1  Endangered 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds passage  2004  309,030 individuals  medium  A4iii   

IBA Monitoring

2012 medium favourable not assessed
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - unintentional effects (species is not the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Wetlands (inland)   0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland   10%
Wetlands (inland)   80%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Highly improved reseeded grasslands  10%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 10%
Notes: Crop-producion activities.
rangeland/pastureland 20%
Notes: It stands to reason that the most frequented by cattle plots occasioned to be verdant meadows in depressions.
hunting 100%
Notes: The terrtory is assigned as a huntng area to "Ubileyny" Company.

References Yerokhov S. N. Results of ornithological survey of Zharkol Lake. Kazakhstan Ornithological Bulletin of 2004. Almaty, 2005. p. 31-32. (in Russian)

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Zharkol Lakes. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016

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