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Location Jamaica, Saint Ann Parish,Trelawny Parish
Central coordinates 77o 27.35' West  18o 17.73' North
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 15,745 ha
Altitude 400 - 930m
Year of IBA assessment 2007





Site description Litchfield Mountain-Matheson’s Run is located in the southwestern corner of St Ann Parish and eastern Trelawny Parish. The area, which is dominated by polygonal and tower karst limestone, is the eastern flank of the Cockpit Country Conservation Area. At the core of the IBA are two Forest Reserves – Litchfield Matteson’s Run (4,485 ha) and Hyde Hall Mountain (662 ha) managed by the Forestry Department. The area receives 1500-2500 mm of rainfall annually but is noted for its absence of surface water because of vertical percolation through the limestone substrate. However, several major river heads (including Lowe River and Cave River) have their sources along the site’s southern geomorphologic boundary of the volcanically-derived Cretaceous Central Inlier. The geomorphology also defines the patterns of human activities and community settlement: soils accumulate in the glades (or cockpit bottomlands), with a consequence that such areas are cleared of forest and used for agriculture. A ring of communities has developed around the periphery of the well-developed core cockpit karst, in areas that transition to more gently-rolling hills and valleys of doline karst.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
White-crowned Pigeon Patagioenas leucocephala resident  2007  unknown  A1  Near Threatened 
Ring-tailed Pigeon Patagioenas caribaea resident  2007  50-100 individuals  poor  A1, A2  Vulnerable 
Plain Pigeon Patagioenas inornata resident  2007  unknown  A1  Near Threatened 
Crested Quail-dove Geotrygon versicolor resident  2007  unknown  A1, A2  Near Threatened 
Yellow-billed Amazon Amazona collaria resident  2007  unknown  A1, A2  Vulnerable 
Black-billed Amazon Amazona agilis resident  2007  unknown  A1, A2  Vulnerable 
Chestnut-bellied Cuckoo Coccyzus pluvialis resident  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Jamaican Lizard-cuckoo Coccyzus vetula resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Jamaican Mango Anthracothorax mango resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Red-billed Streamertail Trochilus polytmus resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Vervain Hummingbird Mellisuga minima resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Jamaican Tody Todus todus resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Jamaican Woodpecker Melanerpes radiolatus resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Jamaican Becard Pachyramphus niger resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Jamaican Elaenia Myiopagis cotta resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Jamaican Pewee Contopus pallidus resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Sad Flycatcher Myiarchus barbirostris resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Rufous-tailed Flycatcher Myiarchus validus resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Stolid Flycatcher Myiarchus stolidus resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Jamaican Vireo Vireo modestus resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Blue Mountain Vireo Vireo osburni resident  2007  unknown  A1, A2  Near Threatened 
Jamaican Crow Corvus jamaicensis resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Rufous-throated Solitaire Myadestes genibarbis resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
White-chinned Thrush Turdus aurantius resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
White-eyed Thrush Turdus jamaicensis resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Arrowhead Warbler Dendroica pharetra resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Jamaican Blackbird Nesopsar nigerrimus resident  2007  unknown  A1, A2  Endangered 
Jamaican Oriole Icterus leucopteryx resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Yellow-shouldered Grassquit Loxipasser anoxanthus resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Orangequit Euneornis campestris resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Jamaican Spindalis Spindalis nigricephala resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Jamaican Euphonia Euphonia jamaica resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Brislington Crown Land Other Area 232 protected area contained by site 0  
Cockpit Country Forest Reserve 22,344 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Hyde Hall Mountain Forest Reserve 662 protected area contained by site 0  
Litchfield (Lychfield Matheson's Run) Forest Reserve 4,485 protected area contained by site 0  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
energy production and mining -

Other biodiversity Reliable data are not available due to a lack of survey effort. The range maps of six endangered amphibians overlap with the site, but the status of each requires assessment. Osteopilus crucialis Jamaican Snoring FrogEN Osteopilus marianae Yellow Bromeliad Frog EN Osteopilus wilderi Green Bromeliad Frog EN Eleutherodactylus grabhami Pallid Eleuth EN Eleutherodactylus jamaicensis Jamaican Bromeliad Eleuth EN Eleutherodactylus junori Rock Pocket Eleuth CR

Protection status 1. Litchfield – Matterson’s Run Forest Reserve; 4,485 ha; gazetted 1st December 1950. 2. Hyde Hall Mountain Forest Reserve; 662 ha; gazetted 1st December 1950. 3. Brislington Crown Land; 232 ha; date of declaration unpublished. These three areas, and particularly Litchfield – Matterson’s Run Forest Reserve, provide the core forested habitat of the IBA.

Further web sources of information 

Site profile from Important Bird Areas in the Caribbean: key sites for conservation (BirdLife International 2008)

References Gonsiska, P. and S. E. Koenig. 2007. Epiphyte surveys in Barrett Hut (Litchfield – Matteson’s Forest Reserve), June 2007. Unpublished data. Rosenberg, G. and I. V. Muratov. 2005. Status report on the terrestrial molluska of Jamaica. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci 155:117-161. Global Amphibian Assessment. On-line database: www.globalamphibians.org.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Litchfield Mountain - Matheson's Run. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/08/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife