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Location Tajikistan
Central coordinates 72o 7.17' East  37o 23.81' North
IBA criteria A1, A3, A4i
Area 34,032 ha
Altitude 3,345 - 5,325m
Year of IBA assessment 2006

Site description The IBA is situated 75 km from the province centre of Horog and 35 km from the district centre of Roshtkalya in the northern part of the Shugnanskiy ridge. It is a mountain valley which is elongated from south to north. The lower part of the Drumkul valley is located at an altitude of 2,900 m above sea level. Lake Drumkul is situated in this valley at 3,345 m. The lake is freshwater. Its length is 3.5 km, width 200-300 m and has a maximum depth of 45 m. The main body of the IBA is Drumkul lake which was created as the result of damming. The Dumdara River, which is a tributary of the Shohdara river, obtains its water from the glaciers of the Rushan ridge and is the main source for Drumkul lake. The entrance to the valley is wide as far as Drumkul lake and then becomes narrower and divides into 4 gorges which are adjacent to the Rushan ridge. Submerged aquatic vegetation is diverse. Pondweeds are dominant. Only one village, Sedje, is situated here. It has a population of more than 900 people.

Key Biodiversity The IBA is included in the Bokhara ornithogeographical district. 80 species have been recorded. Residents are: Anas platyrhynchos, Mergus merganser, Gypaetus barbatus, Aegypius monachus, Gyps himalayensis, Aquila chrysaetos, Pyrrhocorax graculus, Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax, Corvus corax, Montifringilla nivalis and others. Breeding species: Tadorna ferruginea, Tringa totanus, Columba rupestris, Caprimulgus europaeus, Calandrella acutirostris, Riparia rupestris, Motacilla citreola, Motacilla alba, Prunella himalayna, Phoenicurus erythrogaster, Oenanthe isabellina, Carduelis flavirostris and many others. Spring and autumn migrants: Ardea cinerea, Anas strepera, Anas crecca, Fulica atra, Upupa epops and others. Rare species, included in the National Red Data Book, are Gypaetus barbatus, Gyps himalayensis, Aquila chrysaetos, Falco cherrug, Chaimarrornis leucocephala and Leptopoecile sophiae.

Non-bird biodiversity: Fish: only one species - Schizothorax intermedius - but is very numerous. Amphibia are absent as a result of the bleak climate of the mountainous highlands. Mammals: there is high diversity and endemism. Regularly observed Rodents are Marmota caudata, Mus musculus and Alticola argentatus. Leporidae are Lepus tolai and Ochonota roylei (Odinashoev,1987). In the western and northern parts of the IBA Capra sibirica occurs. Carnivora recorded are Uncia uncia, Canis lupus, Vulpes vulpes, Mustela nivalis and Mustela ermine. The vegetation of the IBA is represented mainly by xerophytes as in other sites in mountain highlands and the common vegetation cover is desertic in character.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Himalayan Snowcock Tetraogallus himalayensis resident  2000-2006  30-50 individuals  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea passage  2000-2006  500-1,500 individuals  good  A4i  Least Concern 
Goosander Mergus merganser resident  2000-2006  300-500 breeding pairs  good  A4i  Least Concern 
Saker Falcon Falco cherrug breeding  2000-2006  max 2 breeding pairs  medium  A1  Endangered 
Himalayan Griffon Gyps himalayensis resident  2000-2006  4-8 breeding pairs  good  A3  Near Threatened 
Ibisbill Ibidorhyncha struthersii resident  2000-2006  2-4 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Snow Pigeon Columba leuconota resident  2000-2006  1 individuals  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax graculus resident  2000-2006  30-45 breeding pairs  good  A3  Least Concern 
Hume's Lark Calandrella acutirostris breeding  2000-2006  15-30 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Sulphur-bellied Warbler Phylloscopus griseolus breeding  2000-2006  12-15 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Wallcreeper Tichodroma muraria resident  2000-2006  12-16 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
White-tailed Rubythroat Luscinia pectoralis breeding  2000-2006  6-10 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
White-winged Redstart Phoenicurus erythrogastrus breeding  2000-2006  12-18 breeding pairs  good  A3  Least Concern 
White-winged Snowfinch Montifringilla nivalis resident  2000-2006  16-25 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Alpine Accentor Prunella collaris breeding  2000-2006  8-14 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-streaked Accentor Prunella himalayana breeding  2000-2006  6-10 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Brown Accentor Prunella fulvescens breeding  2000-2006  10-16 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Water Pipit Anthus spinoletta breeding  2000-2006  10-15 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Plain Mountain-finch Leucosticte nemoricola resident  2000-2006  15-25 breeding pairs  good  A3  Least Concern 
Black-headed Mountain-finch Leucosticte brandti resident  2000-2006  20-30 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Rhodopechys sanguineus resident  2000-2006  10-20 breeding pairs  good  A3  Not Recognised 
Red-mantled Rosefinch Carpodacus rhodochlamys resident  2000-2006  6-10 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Great Rosefinch Carpodacus rubicilla resident  2000-2005  14-20 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Red-fronted Rosefinch Carpodacus puniceus breeding  2000-2006  4-8 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2006 very high not assessed low
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Agriculture and aquaculture annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Agriculture and aquaculture livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration very high
Biological resource use fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - unintentional effects: large scale happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Biological resource use gathering terrestrial plants - unintentional effects (species being assessed is not the target) happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  No management planning has taken place  Not assessed  low 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland   -
Grassland   10%
Desert   30%
Wetlands (inland)   5%
Rocky areas   -
Artificial - terrestrial   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 80%
fisheries/aquaculture -
tourism/recreation -

Protection status The IBA is adjacent to the Tajik National Park.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Drumkul Lake. Downloaded from on 21/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife