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Location Tajikistan
Central coordinates 72o 7.17' East  37o 23.81' North
IBA criteria A1, A3, A4i
Area 34,032 ha
Altitude 3,345 - 5,325m
Year of IBA assessment 2006





Site description The IBA is situated 75 km from the province centre of Horog and 35 km from the district centre of Roshtkalya in the northern part of the Shugnanskiy ridge. It is a mountain valley which is elongated from south to north. The lower part of the Drumkul valley is located at an altitude of 2,900 m above sea level. Lake Drumkul is situated in this valley at 3,345 m. The lake is freshwater. Its length is 3.5 km, width 200-300 m and has a maximum depth of 45 m. The main body of the IBA is Drumkul lake which was created as the result of damming. The Dumdara River, which is a tributary of the Shohdara river, obtains its water from the glaciers of the Rushan ridge and is the main source for Drumkul lake. The entrance to the valley is wide as far as Drumkul lake and then becomes narrower and divides into 4 gorges which are adjacent to the Rushan ridge. Submerged aquatic vegetation is diverse. Pondweeds are dominant. Only one village, Sedje, is situated here. It has a population of more than 900 people.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Himalayan Snowcock Tetraogallus himalayensis resident  2000-2006  30-50 individuals  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea passage  2000-2006  500-1,500 individuals  good  A4i  Least Concern 
Common Merganser Mergus merganser resident  2000-2006  300-500 breeding pairs  good  A4i  Least Concern 
Saker Falcon Falco cherrug breeding  2000-2006  max 2 breeding pairs  medium  A1  Endangered 
Himalayan Vulture Gyps himalayensis resident  2000-2006  4-8 breeding pairs  good  A3  Least Concern 
Ibisbill Ibidorhyncha struthersii resident  2000-2006  2-4 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Snow Pigeon Columba leuconota resident  2000-2006  1 individuals  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax graculus resident  2000-2006  30-45 breeding pairs  good  A3  Least Concern 
Hume's Lark Calandrella acutirostris breeding  2000-2006  15-30 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Sulphur-bellied Warbler Phylloscopus griseolus breeding  2000-2006  12-15 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Wallcreeper Tichodroma muraria resident  2000-2006  12-16 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
White-tailed Rubythroat Luscinia pectoralis breeding  2000-2006  6-10 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
White-winged Redstart Phoenicurus erythrogastrus breeding  2000-2006  12-18 breeding pairs  good  A3  Least Concern 
White-winged Snowfinch Montifringilla nivalis resident  2000-2006  16-25 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Alpine Accentor Prunella collaris breeding  2000-2006  8-14 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-streaked Accentor Prunella himalayana breeding  2000-2006  6-10 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Brown Accentor Prunella fulvescens breeding  2000-2006  10-16 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Water Pipit Anthus spinoletta breeding  2000-2006  10-15 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Plain Mountain-finch Leucosticte nemoricola resident  2000-2006  15-25 breeding pairs  good  A3  Least Concern 
Black-headed Mountain-finch Leucosticte brandti resident  2000-2006  20-30 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Rhodopechys sanguineus resident  2000-2006  10-20 breeding pairs  good  A3  Not Recognised 
Red-mantled Rosefinch Carpodacus rhodochlamys resident  2000-2006  6-10 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Great Rosefinch Carpodacus rubicilla resident  2000-2005  14-20 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Red-fronted Rosefinch Carpodacus puniceus breeding  2000-2006  4-8 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Tajik National Park National Park 2,600,000 protected area is adjacent to site 0  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland   -
Grassland   10%
Desert   30%
Wetlands (inland)   5%
Rocky areas   -
Artificial - terrestrial   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 80%
fisheries/aquaculture -
tourism/recreation -

Other biodiversity Fish: only one species - Schizothorax intermedius - but is very numerous. Amphibia are absent as a result of the bleak climate of the mountainous highlands. Mammals: there is high diversity and endemism. Regularly observed Rodents are Marmota caudata, Mus musculus and Alticola argentatus. Leporidae are Lepus tolai and Ochonota roylei (Odinashoev,1987). In the western and northern parts of the IBA Capra sibirica occurs. Carnivora recorded are Uncia uncia, Canis lupus, Vulpes vulpes, Mustela nivalis and Mustela ermine. The vegetation of the IBA is represented mainly by xerophytes as in other sites in mountain highlands and the common vegetation cover is desertic in character.

Protection status The IBA is adjacent to the Tajik National Park.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Drumkul Lake. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 11/07/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife