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Location Tajikistan
Central coordinates 72o 29.21' East  37o 25.55' North
IBA criteria A1, A3, A4i
Area 34,477 ha
Altitude 3,500 - 4,800m
Year of IBA assessment 2006





Site description The IBA is located 110 km from the provincal centre, Horog, and 75 km from the district centre, Roshtkala. It is situated in the northern part of the Shungan ridge and includes a large part of the Djavshangoaskaya valley and southern slope of the Shungan ridge. It is a mountain highland valley with Lake Turumtaykul, which is located at one of the highest altitudes in Central Asia (4,202 m above sea level). The lake's area is 900 hectares and the maximum depth is about 18 m. It is freshwater. The most numerous fish in the lake are Schizothorax intermedius and Schizopugopsis stoliczkai. The most important areas within the IBA are Djavshangoz valley and Turumtaykul valley. The former is located at an altitude of 3,400 m above sea level and is a wide plain between the Shungan and Shakhdara ridges. In the middle part of the valley the river floods and creates many islands which attract lots of waterbirds. The Turumtaykul valley is located at 4,500 m above sea level and divides the Shungan ridge into northern and southern parts. Turumtaykul Lake is located in the central part of the valley and presents the core zone. Several rivers inflow to the lake and two outflow. Of the latter, the largest is the Tokuzbulak in the east, which leads into the river Gunt. The western outflow feeds into the river Shakhdara. A significant part of the IBA is used as pasture, with hay fields at lower altitudes. Arable land is scarce. There are two settlements within the IBA, Djavshangoz and Barchid, with a combined total population of about 750 individuals.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Himalayan Snowcock Tetraogallus himalayensis resident  2000-2006  400-600 individuals  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea passage  2000-2006  500-700 individuals  medium  A4i  Least Concern 
Goosander Mergus merganser breeding  2000-2006  600-800 individuals  good  A4i  Least Concern 
Saker Falcon Falco cherrug breeding  2000-2006  3-5 breeding pairs  medium  A1  Endangered 
Himalayan Griffon Gyps himalayensis resident  2000-2006  2-4 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Near Threatened 
Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus breeding  2000-2006  2-4 breeding pairs  medium  A1  Near Threatened 
Yellow-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax graculus resident  2000-2006  40-50 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Hume's Lark Calandrella acutirostris breeding  2000-2006  20-35 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Sulphur-bellied Warbler Phylloscopus griseolus breeding  2000-2006  10-14 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Wallcreeper Tichodroma muraria resident  2000-2006  5-8 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
White-tailed Rubythroat Luscinia pectoralis breeding  2000-2006  4-8 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
White-winged Redstart Phoenicurus erythrogastrus breeding  2000-2006  15-20 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
White-winged Snowfinch Montifringilla nivalis resident  2000-2006  20-30 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Alpine Accentor Prunella collaris breeding  2000-2006  10-16 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-streaked Accentor Prunella himalayana breeding  2000-2006  6-10 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Brown Accentor Prunella fulvescens breeding  2000-2006  8-12 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Water Pipit Anthus spinoletta breeding  2000-2006  10-15 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Plain Mountain-finch Leucosticte nemoricola resident  2000-2006  15-25 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Black-headed Mountain-finch Leucosticte brandti resident  2000-2006  30-40 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Rhodopechys sanguineus resident  2000-2006  20-30 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Not Recognised 
Red-mantled Rosefinch Carpodacus rhodochlamys resident  2000-2006  4-8 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Great Rosefinch Carpodacus rubicilla resident  2000-2006  10-15 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Red-fronted Rosefinch Carpodacus puniceus breeding  2000-2006  8-14 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Tajik National Park National Park 2,600,000 protected area contained by site 34,477  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland   -
Grassland   40%
Wetlands (inland)   30%
Rocky areas   -
Artificial - terrestrial   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
tourism/recreation -
agriculture 75%
fisheries/aquaculture -

Other biodiversity Fish: Schizopygopsis stoliczcai and Schizothorax intermedius inhabit the rivers and lakes of the Djavshngoz valley and Turumtaykul depression. Mammals exhibit high diversity and endemism. Common rodents include Marmota caudata, Mus musculus and Alticola argentatus. Leporidae are Lepus tolai and Ochonota roylei (Odinashoev,1987). Capra sibirica occurs in the mountains. Carnivora include Uncia uncia, Canis lupus, Vulpes vulpes, Mustela nivalis and Mustela erminea. The vegetation of the IBA is represented mainly by xerophytes as in other sites in mountain highlands and the common vegetation cover is desertic in character.

Protection status The IBA is adjacent to the Tajik National Park protected area.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Dzhavshangoz. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/08/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife