|Location||United States Minor Outlying Islands (to USA), Navassa|
|Central coordinates||75o 0.45' West 18o 24.10' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4ii|
|Altitude||0 - 76m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2007|
Site description Navassa Island IBA is situated 53 km west of Haiti, 136 km east of Jamaica and 152 km south of Cuba. The IBA includes the 500-ha island and marine areas up to 22 km from it, thus covering 147,600 ha of open ocean. Navassa is a small, pearshaped island plateau that rises abruptly from deep water. It is surrounded by a series of submarine coralline terraces. The karst dolomite terrain slopes from the lower north-western edge towards the south-eastern side and supports upland evergreen woodland and sparse shrubby vegetation. The island is surrounded by a submerged coral reef ecosystem and open sea.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Red-footed Booby Sula sula||resident||2006||5,000-7,000 individuals||poor||A4ii||Least Concern|
|White-crowned Pigeon Patagioenas leucocephala||resident||2006||150-300 individuals||poor||A1||Near Threatened|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Navassa Island||National Wildlife Refuge||147,690||protected area contained by site||147,690|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Forest||Lowland evergreen rain forest (tropical)||minor|
|Sea||Coral reefs and lagoons; Marine areas; Open Sea||major|
|Coastline||Coral reefs & lagoons; Rocky areas; Shallow marine waters||major|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
Other biodiversity The Critically Endangered hawksbill turtle Eretmochelys imbricata occurs. Four endemic reptiles are abundant on the island, namely Navassa anole Anolis longiceps, Navassa gecko Aristelliger cochranae, Navassa dwarf gecko Sphaerodactylus becki and the Navassa galliwasp Celestus badius.
Acknowledgements Author: Joseph Schwagerl (U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service) and Verónica Anadón-Irizarry (BirdLife International) The authors would like to thank Susan Silander, Claudia Lombard (USFWS), Jean W. Wiener (Fondation pour la Protection de la Biodiversité Marine) and John Curnutt (USDA Forest Service Eastern Region) for contributing to this chapter.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Navassa. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 03/09/2014
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