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Location New Caledonia (to France), province Nord
Central coordinates 165o 15.00' East  21o 10.50' South
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 9,518 ha
Altitude 15 - 1,006m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

Société Calédonienne d'Ornithologie (Affiliate)



Site description The Massif Aoupinié is located in the heart of the Central Range, straddling the line of the watershed. To the east, the slopes of Aoupinié (the highest point of the IBA is 1006 m) are the basins of the rivers Nimbaye, Mou and Monéo, while to the west, is the basin of the river Poya. This is one of the great upland forests of the Northern Province, part of which, 5,400 ha, was classified as a Special Reserve for Wildlife. This is a moist evergreen forest at low and medium altitude, rather well preserved, wholly on  volcano-sedimentary soil. However, it has been exploited and continues to be to the east of the range, between 400 and 800 m in the upper basins of rivers Soft and Moneo. In this region, the forest, though dense, is of average height and devoid of remarkable trees. The foothills are covered, as everywhere, by savannah interspersed with residual forest or gallery forest pockets.

Key Biodiversity The IBA has been the subject of intensive exploration by different organisations and 63 listening points have been made. There were a total 40 of terrestrial and marine species, including the Tahiti Petrel (Pseudobulweria trouessarti rostrata). There are 24 restricted range species and 16  of  the 19 endemic species on the mainland present on Aoupinie. Even if he has not been heard in ornithological studies, according to several residents of the tribes (1998, 2000 & 2003), the site is still home to the IBA Cagou. In addition, it hosts rather large populations of Columbidae: New Caledonian Imperial Pigeon, Metallic Pigeon and Cloven-feathered Dove. The New Caledonian Crow is very abundant (80% of the listening points). Many species seem poorly-represented, but  it should be noted that the inventory of the area was carried out at a period considered unfavorable for bird detection and the results are likely to be biased and underestimated.

Non-bird biodiversity: Forest of Aoupinié hosts an exceptional variety of invertebrates with a high level of micro-endemism. For example, the IBA hosts a remarkable assemblage of Lepidoptera including dozens of species, many of which are endemic to this site. The herpetofauna of the massif has been fairly well studied. There are 17 species of lizards of which the small burrowing skink Nannoscincus rankini is considered endemic to high elevation forests of Aoupinié Also an isolated, population of the the skink Lioscincus steindachneri which may be a separate species from the other population known from Massif du Panie.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
White-bellied Goshawk Accipiter haplochrous resident  1998-2003  present  A2  Near Threatened 
Kagu Rhynochetos jubatus resident  1998-2003  present  A1, A2  Endangered 
Red-bellied Fruit-dove Ptilinopus greyi resident  1998-2003  present  A2  Least Concern 
Cloven-feathered Dove Drepanoptila holosericea resident  1998-2003  present  A2  Near Threatened 
New Caledonian Imperial-pigeon Ducula goliath resident  1998-2003  present  A2  Near Threatened 
Cyanoramphus saisseti resident  1998-2003  present  A2  Not Recognised 
Horned Parakeet Eunymphicus cornutus resident  1998-2003  present  A2  Vulnerable 
New Caledonian Friarbird Philemon diemenensis resident  1998-2003  present  A2  Least Concern 
Dark-brown Honeyeater Lichmera incana resident  1998-2003  present  A2  Least Concern 
Barred Honeyeater Phylidonyris undulatus resident  1998-2003  present  A2  Least Concern 
New Caledonian Myzomela Myzomela caledonica resident  1998-2003  present  A2  Least Concern 
Fan-tailed Gerygone Gerygone flavolateralis resident  1998-2003  present  A2  Least Concern 
Melanesian Cuckooshrike Coracina caledonica resident  1998-2003  present  A2  Least Concern 
New Caledonian Cuckooshrike Coracina analis resident  1998-2003  present  A2  Near Threatened 
Long-tailed Triller Lalage leucopyga resident  1998-2003  present  A2  Least Concern 
New Caledonian Whistler Pachycephala caledonica resident  1998-2003  present  A2  Least Concern 
Streaked Fantail Rhipidura verreauxi resident  1998-2003  present  A2  Least Concern 
Southern Shrikebill Clytorhynchus pachycephaloides resident  1998-2003  present  A2  Least Concern 
Melanesian Flycatcher Myiagra caledonica resident  1998-2003  present  A2  Least Concern 
New Caledonian Crow Corvus moneduloides resident  1998-2003  present  A2  Least Concern 
Yellow-bellied Robin Eopsaltria flaviventris resident  1998-2003  present  A2  Least Concern 
Green-backed White-eye Zosterops xanthochroa resident  1998-2003  present  A2  Least Concern 
Striated Starling Aplonis striata resident  1998-2003  present  A2  Least Concern 
Red-throated Parrotfinch Erythrura psittacea resident  1998-2003  present  A2  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2013 high unfavourable low
Population
Poor - based on little, or potentially unreliable/unrepresentative, data

Invasive and other problematic species and genes invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - unspecified species happening now whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity happening now some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration high
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - unintentional effects (species is not the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Rhynochetos jubatus Kagu 100 50 unknown 50 unfavourable

Most of site (50-90%) covered (including the most critical parts for important bird species)  No management plan exists but the management planning process has begun  Some limited conservation initiatives are in place  low 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Aoupiné Fauna Reserve Special Fauna Reserve 5,400 protected area contained by site 5,400  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   major

References Anonyme 1998; Bauer & Sadlier 1993; Chartendrault & Barré 2005a; Géraux 2003; Holloway & Peters 1976; Whitaker 1997

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Aoupinié. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/12/2014

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