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Location Lithuania, Alytus
Central coordinates 24o 31.00' East  53o 58.00' North
IBA criteria A1, B2, C6
Area 11,221 ha
Altitude 130 - 150m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Lietuvos Ornitologu Draugija (Affiliate)

Site description The site encompasses the largest raised bog in Lithuania (5,858 ha) with many forest `islands', small lakes and marshes, and surrounded by mostly dry Pinus forests on sand-dunes. The bog is the source of two of the cleanest rivers in the country, the ûla and Katra. There is a very low level of land-use.

Key Biodiversity A nationally important site for breeding waders (Pluvialis apricaria and Tringa glareola), woodpeckers (Picus canus, P. viridis and Picoides tridactylus) and Grus grus, and the most important site in Lithuania for Gallinago media and for Tetrao tetrix (more than 50 pairs). Breeding species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Haliaeetus albicilla, Crex crex.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Grouse Lyrurus tetrix breeding  1998  50-60 breeding pairs  unknown  B2  Least Concern 
Black Grouse Lyrurus tetrix breeding  50 males only  C6  Least Concern 
Western Capercaillie Tetrao urogallus breeding  40-50 males only  C6  Least Concern 
Common Crane Grus grus breeding  1998  10-25 breeding pairs  good  B2  Least Concern 
Common Crane Grus grus breeding  20-25 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Eurasian Golden Plover Pluvialis apricaria breeding  5-6 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Great Snipe Gallinago media breeding  1998  10-15 breeding pairs  medium  A1  Near Threatened 
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola breeding  20 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Boreal Owl Aegolius funereus breeding  10 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Picus canus breeding  1998  20 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Not Recognised 
Picus canus breeding  20 breeding pairs  C6  Not Recognised 
Picoides tridactylus breeding  6 breeding pairs  C6  Not Recognised 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Cepkeliai Nature Reserve 10,590 protected area contains site 10,590  
Cepkeliai Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 10,590 protected area contained by site 10,590  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Mixed woodland; Native coniferous woodland; Treeline ecotone  78%
Wetlands (inland) Fens, transition mires and springs; Raised bogs; Rivers and streams; Standing freshwater  29%
Grassland   1%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land  2%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research 100%

Protection status National Partial International Partial10,590 ha of IBA covered by Strict Nature Reserve (èepkeliai, 10,590 ha). 10,590 ha of IBA covered by Ramsar Site (èepkeliai, 10,590 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Cepkeliai Strict Nature Reserve. Downloaded from on 27/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife