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Location Lithuania, Klaipeda
Central coordinates 21o 23.00' East  55o 18.00' North
IBA criteria C1, C2, C3, C5, C6
Area 29,006 ha
Altitude 0 - 20m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Lietuvos Ornitologu Draugija (Affiliate)



Site description Flood-meadows, reedbeds, rivers, lakes and forests in the Nemunas delta. Most of the IBA is protected, with the remainder being used for haymaking, pasture and cultivation. Krokø Lanka lake (55°25'N 21°24'E) is used for fishing.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Northern Pintail Anas acuta passage  1999  12,000 individuals  C3  Least Concern 
Bean Goose Anser fabalis passage  1999  2,300-5,000 individuals  C3  Least Concern 
Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons passage  1999  72,500 individuals  C3  Least Concern 
Greylag Goose Anser anser passage  1999  3,000 individuals  C3  Least Concern 
Barnacle Goose Branta leucopsis passage  1999  2,000 individuals  C2  Least Concern 
Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus passage  1999  4,100 individuals  C2  Least Concern 
Tundra Swan Cygnus columbianus passage  1999  170 individuals  C2  Least Concern 
Gadwall Anas strepera passage  1999  800 individuals  C3  Least Concern 
Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope passage  1999  19,700 individuals  C3  Least Concern 
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata passage  1999  3,100 individuals  C3  Least Concern 
Common Pochard Aythya ferina passage  1999  35,000 individuals  C3  Least Concern 
Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula winter  1999  50,000 individuals  C3  Least Concern 
Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula 1999  15,000 individuals  C3  Least Concern 
Smew Mergellus albellus winter  1999  1,200 individuals  C2  Least Concern 
Common Merganser Mergus merganser 1999  3,000 individuals  C3  Least Concern 
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus passage  1999  10,000 individuals  C3  Least Concern 
Black Stork Ciconia nigra breeding  1990  4-5 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Great Bittern Botaurus stellaris breeding  1999  36 males only  C6  Least Concern 
Western Marsh-harrier Circus aeruginosus breeding  1999  80 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus breeding  1999  5-10 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
White-tailed Eagle Haliaeetus albicilla breeding  1999  9 breeding pairs  C1  Least Concern 
White-tailed Eagle Haliaeetus albicilla winter  1999  70-80 individuals  C1  Least Concern 
Corncrake Crex crex breeding  1999  435 males only  C1  Least Concern 
Little Crake Porzana parva breeding  1999  70 males only  C6  Least Concern 
Spotted Crake Porzana porzana breeding  1999  170 males only  C6  Least Concern 
Common Coot Fulica atra 1999  15,000 individuals  C3  Least Concern 
Common Crane Grus grus passage  1999  1,500 individuals  C2  Least Concern 
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta breeding  1999  5-10 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Great Snipe Gallinago media breeding  1999  60 males only  C1  Near Threatened 
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola breeding  1999  3 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Dunlin Calidris alpina breeding  1999  10 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Ruff Philomachus pugnax breeding  1999  115 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Little Gull Larus minutus breeding  1999  30 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Little Gull Larus minutus passage  1999  2,500 individuals  C2  Least Concern 
Caspian Tern Sterna caspia passage  1999  500 individuals  C2  Least Concern 
Common Tern Sterna hirundo breeding  1999  150 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Little Tern Sterna albifrons breeding  1999  40-100 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Little Tern Sterna albifrons passage  1999  500 individuals  C2  Least Concern 
Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida breeding  1999  15 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Black Tern Chlidonias niger breeding  1999  500 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Black Tern Chlidonias niger passage  1999  15,000 individuals  C2  Least Concern 
Eurasian Eagle-owl Bubo bubo breeding  1999  3 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus breeding  1999  3 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis breeding  1999  10 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Red-backed Shrike Lanius collurio breeding  1999  200 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Aquatic Warbler Acrocephalus paludicola breeding  1999  40-50 breeding pairs  C1  Vulnerable 
Ortolan Bunting Emberiza hortulana breeding  1999  3 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
A4iv Species group - soaring birds/cranes passage  1999  3,000 individuals  C5   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Kurðiu marios - LTSIU0012 Habitats Directive 31,642 protected area overlaps with site 2,748  
Minijos upe - LTKLA0007 Habitats Directive 2,197 protected area overlaps with site 166  
Minijos upes slenis - LTKLAB005 Birds Directive 2,239 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Nemunas Delta Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 23,950 protected area contained by site 23,950  
Nemunas delta regional Park Baltic Sea Protected Area (Helcom) 28,936 protected area overlaps with site 28,832  
Nemuno delta Regional Park 26,625 is identical to site 0  
Nemuno delta - LTSIU0013 Habitats Directive 23,921 protected area contained by site 23,921  
Nemuno delta - LTSLUB001 Birds Directive 26,673 protected area contained by site 26,673  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Alluvial and very wet forest; Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Mixed woodland; Native coniferous woodland; Treeline ecotone  21%
Grassland Humid grasslands; Mesophile grasslands  31%
Wetlands (inland) Fens, transition mires and springs; Raised bogs; Rivers and streams; Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation  -
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Other urban and industrial areas; Perennial crops, orchards and groves; Urban parks and gardens  14%
Coastline Lagoons; Sand dunes & beaches; Tidal rivers & enclosed tidal waters  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 14%
forestry -
nature conservation and research 100%
tourism/recreation -
rangeland/pastureland 31%

Protection status National High International High26,625 ha of IBA covered by Regional Park (Nemunas delta, 26,625 ha). 23,950 ha of IBA covered by Ramsar Site (Nemunas delta, 23,950 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Nemunas delta regional Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 12/07/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife